Document
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 FORM 10-K
 
 
(Mark One)
x
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016
OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission file number 001-34950
 
 SABRA HEALTH CARE REIT, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
 
 
Maryland
 
27-2560479
(State of Incorporation)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
18500 Von Karman Avenue, Suite 550
Irvine, CA 92612
(888) 393-8248
(Address, zip code and telephone number of Registrant)
 
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each Class
 
Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock
 
The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC (NASDAQ Global Select Market)
7.125% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock
 
The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC (NASDAQ Global Select Market)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
 
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes x    No  o
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  o   No  x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  o
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment of this Form 10-K.    x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer
 
x
  
Accelerated filer
 
o
Non-accelerated filer
 
o  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
  
Smaller reporting company
 
o
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  o    No  x
State the aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter: $1.3 billion
As of February 13, 2017, there were 65,285,614 shares of the Registrant’s $0.01 par value Common Stock outstanding.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the Proxy Statement for the registrant's 2017 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after December 31, 2016, are incorporated by reference in Part III herein.


                        

SABRA HEALTH CARE REIT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Index
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



1

                        

References throughout this document to “Sabra,” “we,” “our,” “ours” and “us” refer to Sabra Health Care REIT, Inc. and its direct and indirect consolidated subsidiaries and not any other person.
STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
Certain statements in this Annual Report on Form 10-K (this “10-K”) contain “forward-looking” information as that term is defined by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Any statements that do not relate to historical or current facts or matters are forward-looking statements. Examples of forward-looking statements include all statements regarding our expected future financial position, results of operations, cash flows, liquidity, financing plans, business strategy, budgets, the expected amounts and timing of dividends and other distributions, projected expenses and capital expenditures, competitive position, growth opportunities, potential investments, plans and objectives for future operations, and compliance with and changes in governmental regulations. You can identify some of the forward-looking statements by the use of forward-looking words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “plan,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “should,” “may” and other similar expressions, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words.
Our actual results may differ materially from those projected or contemplated by our forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including among others, the following:
our dependence on Genesis Healthcare, Inc. (“Genesis”) and certain wholly owned subsidiaries of Holiday AL Holdings LP (collectively, “Holiday”) until we are able to further diversify our portfolio;
our dependence on the operating success of our tenants;
the significant amount of and our ability to service our indebtedness;
covenants in our debt agreements that may restrict our ability to pay dividends, make investments, incur additional indebtedness and refinance indebtedness on favorable terms;
increases in market interest rates;
changes in foreign currency exchange rates;
our ability to raise capital through equity and debt financings;
the impact of required regulatory approvals of transfers of healthcare properties;
the effect of increasing healthcare regulation and enforcement on our tenants and the dependence of our tenants on reimbursement from governmental and other third-party payors;
the relatively illiquid nature of real estate investments;
competitive conditions in our industry;
the loss of key management personnel or other employees;
the impact of litigation and rising insurance costs on the business of our tenants;
the effect of our tenants declaring bankruptcy or becoming insolvent;
uninsured or underinsured losses affecting our properties and the possibility of environmental compliance costs and liabilities;
the ownership limits and anti-takeover defenses in our governing documents and Maryland law, which may restrict change of control or business combination opportunities;
the impact of a failure or security breach of information technology in our operations;
our ability to find replacement tenants and the impact of unforeseen costs in acquiring new properties;
our ability to maintain our status as a real estate investment trust (“REIT”);
changes in tax laws and regulations affecting REITs; and
compliance with REIT requirements and certain tax and tax regulatory matters related to our status as a REIT.
We urge you to carefully consider these risks and review the additional disclosures we make concerning risks and other factors that may materially affect the outcome of our forward-looking statements and our future business and operating results, including those made in Item 1A, “Risk Factors” in this 10-K, as such risk factors may be amended, supplemented or superseded from time to time by other reports we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), including subsequent Annual Reports on Form 10-K and Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q. We caution you that any forward-looking statements made in this 10-K are not guarantees of future performance, events or results, and you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this report. We do not intend, and we undertake no obligation, to update any forward-looking information to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this 10-K or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events, unless required by law to do so.

2

                        

TENANT AND BORROWER INFORMATION

This 10-K includes information regarding certain of our tenants that lease properties from us and our borrowers, most of which are not subject to SEC reporting requirements. Genesis is subject to the reporting requirements of the SEC and is required to file with the SEC annual reports containing audited financial information and quarterly reports containing unaudited financial information. The information related to our tenants and borrowers that is provided in this 10-K has been provided by, or derived solely from information provided by, such tenants and borrowers. We have not independently verified this information. We have no reason to believe that such information is inaccurate in any material respect. We are providing this data for informational purposes only. Genesis's filings with the SEC can be found at www.sec.gov.

3

                        

PART I
 
ITEM 1. BUSINESS
Overview
We operate as a self-administered, self-managed REIT that, through our subsidiaries, owns and invests in real estate serving the healthcare industry. Our primary business consists of acquiring, financing and owning real estate property to be leased to third party tenants in the healthcare sector. We primarily generate revenues by leasing properties to tenants and operators throughout the United States and Canada.
As of December 31, 2016, our investment portfolio consisted of 183 real estate properties held for investment (consisting of (i) 97 skilled nursing/transitional care facilities, (ii) 85 senior housing facilities, and (iii) one acute care hospital), 10 investments in loans receivable (consisting of (i) four mortgage loans, (ii) one construction loan, (iii) one mezzanine loan, (iv) three pre-development loans and (v) one debtor-in-possession ("DIP") loan) and 12 preferred equity investments. Included in the 183 real estate properties held for investment are facilities operated by third-party property managers pursuant to property management agreements (“Managed Properties”). As of December 31, 2016, Managed Properties consisted of two 100% owned senior housing facilities. As of December 31, 2016, our real estate properties held for investment had a total of 18,878 beds/units, spread across the United States and Canada. As of December 31, 2016, nearly all of our real estate properties were leased under triple-net operating leases with expirations ranging from four to 16 years.
We expect to continue to grow our portfolio primarily through the acquisition of assisted living, independent living and memory care facilities in the U.S. and Canada and with a secondary focus on acquiring skilled nursing/transitional care facilities in the U.S. We have and will continue to opportunistically acquire other types of healthcare real estate, originate financing secured directly or indirectly by healthcare facilities and invest in the development of senior housing and skilled nursing/transitional care facilities. We also expect to expand our portfolio through the development of purpose-built healthcare facilities through pipeline agreements and other arrangements with select developers. We further expect to work with existing operators to identify strategic development opportunities. These opportunities may involve replacing or renovating facilities in our portfolio that may have become less competitive and new development opportunities that present attractive risk-adjusted returns. In addition to pursuing acquisitions with triple-net leases, we expect to continue to pursue other forms of investment, including investments in third-party managed senior housing facilities, mezzanine and secured debt investments, and joint ventures for senior housing and skilled nursing/transitional care facilities.
In general, we originate loans and make preferred equity investments when an attractive investment opportunity is presented and either (a) the property is in or near the development phase or (b) the development of the property is completed but the operations of the facility are not yet stabilized. A key component of our strategy related to loan originations and preferred equity investments is our having the option to purchase the underlying real estate that is owned by our borrowers (and that directly or indirectly secures our loan investments) or by the entity in which we have an investment. These options become exercisable upon the occurrence of various criteria, such as the passage of time or the achievement of certain operating goals, and the method to determine the purchase price upon exercise of the option is set in advance based on the same valuation methods we use to value our investments in healthcare real estate. This strategy allows us to diversify our revenue streams and build relationships with operators and developers, and provides us with the option to add new properties to our existing real estate portfolio if we determine that those properties enhance our investment portfolio and stockholder value at the time the options are exercisable.
We employ a disciplined, opportunistic approach in our healthcare real estate investment strategy by investing in assets that provide attractive opportunities for dividend growth and appreciation of asset values, while maintaining balance sheet strength and liquidity, thereby creating long-term stockholder value. As we acquire additional properties and expand our portfolio, we expect to further diversify by tenant, asset class and geography within the healthcare sector. We may also achieve our objective of diversifying our portfolio by tenant and asset class through select asset sales and other arrangements with Genesis and other tenants. We have entered into memoranda of understanding with Genesis to market for sale 35 skilled nursing facilities and make certain other lease and corporate guarantee amendments for the remaining 43 facilities leased to Genesis. Upon completion of the sales, these asset sales and amendments will have the benefit of reducing our revenue concentration in Genesis and skilled nursing facilities, as well as strengthening our remaining Genesis-operated portfolio through the lease term extensions and guarantee enhancements; provided, however that there can be no assurances that we will successfully complete these sales on the terms or timing contemplated by the memoranda of understanding, or at all, in which event we may not achieve the anticipated benefits from such sales. Marketing of these 35 facilities is ongoing and is expected to be completed over the next several quarters.

4

                        

We were incorporated on May 10, 2010 as a wholly owned subsidiary of Sun Healthcare Group, Inc. and we commenced operations on November 15, 2010 following the Company’s separation from Sun Healthcare Group, Inc. (the “Separation Date”). We elected to be treated as a REIT with the filing of our U.S. federal income tax return for the taxable year beginning January 1, 2011. We believe that we have been organized and have operated, and we intend to continue to operate, in a manner to qualify as a REIT.
Our principal executive offices are located at 18500 Von Karman Avenue, Suite 550, Irvine, CA 92612, and our telephone number is (888) 393-8248. We maintain a website at www.sabrahealth.com. Sabra Health Care REIT, Inc. files reports with the SEC, including annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). We will make such filings available free of charge on our website as soon as reasonably practicable after such information has been filed or furnished with the SEC.
Our Industry
We operate as a REIT that holds investments in income-producing healthcare facilities located in the United States and Canada. We invest primarily in the United States and Canadian senior housing industry, which includes assisted living, independent living and memory care facilities, with a secondary focus on the nursing home industry, including skilled nursing and transitional care facilities. The primary growth drivers of these industries – an aging population and longer life expectancies – present attractive investment opportunities for us. According to the 2014 National Population Projections published by the United States Census Bureau, Americans over the age of 75 is projected to be the fastest growing segment of the population, growing at a compounded annual growth rate of 2.9% over the next five years and 3.6% over the next ten years. According to the same publication, life expectancy is expected to increase to 81.7 years in 2030 from 79.4 years in 2015. Furthermore, the National Investment Center for Seniors Housing and Care, a leading industry data provider, estimates that as of the fourth quarter of 2015, only 14.2% of senior housing and nursing care properties were owned by publicly traded REITs. The highly-fragmented nature of the senior housing and nursing home industries presents additional investment opportunities.
Demand for senior housing is expected to increase as a result of an aging population and an increase in acuity across the post-acute landscape. Cost containment measures adopted by the federal government have encouraged patient treatment in more cost-effective settings, such as skilled nursing facilities. As a result, high acuity patients that previously would have been treated in long-term acute care hospitals and inpatient rehabilitation facilities are increasingly being treated in skilled nursing facilities. According to the National Health Expenditure Projections for 2015-2025 published by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, nursing home expenditures are projected to grow from approximately $162 billion in 2015 to approximately $276 billion in 2025, representing a compounded annual growth rate of 5.5%. This focus on high acuity patients in skilled nursing facilities has resulted in the typical senior housing resident requiring more assistance with activities for daily living, such as assistance with bathing, grooming, dressing, eating, and medication management; however, many older senior housing facilities were not built to accommodate a resident who has more needs as well as increased mobility and cognitive issues than in the past.
We believe that these trends will create an emphasis on operators who can effectively adapt their operating model to accommodate the changing nursing home patient and senior housing resident and will result in increased demand for purpose-built properties that are complementary to this new system of health care delivery.
Portfolio of Healthcare Investments
We have a geographically diverse portfolio of healthcare investments across the United States and Canada that offer a range of services including skilled nursing/transitional care, assisted and independent living, mental health and acute care. As of December 31, 2016, our investment portfolio consisted of 183 real estate properties held for investment, 10 investments in loans receivable and 12 preferred equity investments. Of our 183 properties held for investment as of December 31, 2016, we owned fee title to 177 properties and title under long-term ground leases for six properties.
Our portfolio consisted of the following types of healthcare facilities as of December 31, 2016:
Skilled Nursing/Transitional Care Facilities
Skilled nursing facilities. Skilled nursing facilities provide services that include daily nursing, therapeutic rehabilitation, social services, housekeeping, nutrition and administrative services for individuals requiring certain assistance for activities in daily living. A typical skilled nursing facility includes mostly one and two bed units, each equipped with a private or shared bathroom and community dining facilities.
Mental health facilities. Mental health facilities provide a range of inpatient and outpatient behavioral health services for adults and children through specialized treatment programs.

5

                        

Transitional care facilities/units. Transitional care facilities/units are licensed nursing facilities or distinct units within a licensed nursing facility that provide short term, intensive, high acuity nursing and medical services. These facilities tend to focus on delivering specialized treatment to patients with cardiac, neurological, pulmonary, orthopedic, and renal conditions.  Length of service is typically 30 days or less with the majority of patients returning to prior living arrangements and functional abilities. Generally, transitional care facilities/units provide services to Medicare, managed care and commercial insurance patients.
Senior Housing Facilities
 
Independent living facilities. Independent living facilities are age-restricted multi-family properties with central dining facilities that provide services that include security, housekeeping, nutrition and limited laundry services. Our independent living facilities are designed specifically for independent seniors who are able to live on their own, but desire the security and conveniences of community living. Independent living facilities typically offer several services covered under a regular monthly fee.
Assisted living facilities. Assisted living facilities provide services that include minimal assistance for activities in daily living and permit residents to maintain some of their privacy and independence as they do not require constant supervision and assistance. Services bundled within one regular monthly fee usually include three meals per day in a central dining room, daily housekeeping, laundry, medical reminders and 24-hour availability of assistance with the activities of daily living, such as eating, dressing and bathing. Professional nursing and healthcare services are usually available at the facility on call or at regularly scheduled times. Assisted living facilities typically are comprised of one and two bedroom suites equipped with private bathrooms and efficiency kitchens.
Memory care facilities. Memory care facilities offer specialized options for seniors with Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia. Purpose built, free-standing memory care facilities offer an attractive alternative for private-pay residents affected by memory loss in comparison to other accommodations that typically have been provided within a secured unit of an assisted living or skilled nursing facility. These facilities offer dedicated care and specialized programming for various conditions relating to memory loss in a secured environment that is typically smaller in scale and more residential in nature than traditional assisted living facilities. Residents require a higher level of care and more assistance with activities of daily living than in assisted living facilities. Therefore, these facilities have staff available 24 hours a day to respond to the unique needs of their residents.
Continuing care retirement community. Continuing care retirement communities, or CCRCs, provide, as a continuum of care, the services described above for independent living facilities, assisted living facilities and skilled nursing facilities in an integrated campus, under long-term contracts with the residents.
Acute Care Hospital
Acute care hospitals provide inpatient and outpatient medical care and other related services for surgery, acute medical conditions or injuries (usually for a short-term illness or condition).

6

                        

Geographic and Property Type Diversification
The following tables display the distribution of our beds/units and the geographic concentration of our real estate held for investment by property type and investment as of December 31, 2016 (dollars in thousands):
Distribution of Beds/Units
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Number of 
Properties
 
Facility Type
 
 
 
 
Location
 
  
Skilled Nursing / Transitional Care
 
Senior Housing
 
Acute Care Hospital
 
Total
 
% of
Total
New Hampshire
 
16

 
904

 
838

 

 
1,742

 
9.2
%
Texas
 
17

 
485

 
1,150

 
70

 
1,705

 
9.0

Connecticut
 
11

 
1,350

 
140

 

 
1,490

 
7.9

Florida
 
10

 
660

 
619

 

 
1,279

 
6.8

Kentucky
 
14

 
1,044

 
68

 

 
1,112

 
5.9

Canada
 
10

 

 
939

 

 
939

 
5.0

Ohio
 
8

 
900

 

 

 
900

 
4.8

Maryland
 
6

 
782

 
68

 

 
850

 
4.5

Nebraska
 
6

 
400

 
297

 

 
697

 
3.7

Colorado
 
5

 
509

 
132

 

 
641

 
3.4

Other (28 states)
 
80

 
3,785

 
3,738

 

 
7,523

 
39.8

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
183

 
10,819

 
7,989

 
70

 
18,878

 
100.0
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
% of Total beds/units
 
 
 
57.2
%
 
42.3
%
 
0.5
%
 
100.0
%
 
 
 
 
 
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Geographic Concentration — Property Type
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Location
 
Skilled Nursing/Transitional Care
 
Senior Housing
 
Acute Care Hospital
  
Total
  
% of
Total
Texas
 
4

 
12

 
1

 
17

 
9.3
%
New Hampshire
 
10

 
6

 

 
16

 
8.7

Kentucky
 
13

 
1

 

 
14

 
7.7

Connecticut
 
9

 
2

 

 
11

 
6.0

Michigan
 

 
10

 

 
10

 
5.5

Florida
 
5

 
5

 

 
10

 
5.5

Canada
 

 
10

 

 
10

 
5.5

Ohio
 
8

 

 

 
8

 
4.4

Oklahoma
 
6

 
1

 

 
7

 
3.8

Maryland
 
5

 
1

 

 
6

 
3.3

Other (28 states)
 
37

 
37

 

 
74

 
40.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total
 
97

 
85

 
1

 
183

 
100.0
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
% of Total properties
 
53.0
%
 
46.4
%
 
0.6
%
 
100.0
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


7

                        

Geographic Concentration — Investment (1)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Location
 
Total Number of
Properties
  
Skilled Nursing/Transitional Care
 
Senior Housing
 
Acute Care Hospital
  
Total
  
% of
Total
Texas
 
17

 
$
54,549

 
$
201,264

 
$
61,640

 
$
317,453

 
13.8
%
Maryland
 
6

 
278,569

 
6,566

 

 
285,135

 
12.4

Canada (2)
 
10

 

 
149,030

 

 
149,030

 
6.5

Connecticut
 
11

 
115,833

 
29,124

 

 
144,957

 
6.3

Florida
 
10

 
29,418

 
92,843

 

 
122,261

 
5.3

Delaware
 
4

 
95,780

 

 

 
95,780

 
4.2

Nebraska
 
6

 
63,088

 
28,297

 

 
91,385

 
4.0

New Hampshire
 
16

 
46,839

 
40,848

 

 
87,687

 
3.8

North Carolina
 
3

 
9,318

 
67,272

 

 
76,590

 
3.3

Michigan
 
10

 

 
74,413

 

 
74,413

 
3.2

Other (28 states)
 
90

 
349,360

 
498,294

 

 
847,654

 
37.2

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total
 
183

 
$
1,042,754

 
$
1,187,951

 
$
61,640

 
$
2,292,345

 
100.0
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
% of Total investments
 
 
 
45.5
%
 
51.8
%
 
2.7
%
 
100.0
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1) Represents the undepreciated book value of our real estate held for investment as of December 31, 2016.
(2) Investment balance in Canada is based on the exchange rate as of December 31, 2016 of $0.7440 per CAD $1.00.

Loans Receivable and Other Investments
As of December 31, 2016 and 2015, the Company’s loans receivable and other investments consisted of the following (dollars in thousands):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2016
 
 
Investment
 
Quantity as of December 31, 2016
 
Facility Type
 
Principal Balance as of December 31, 2016 (1)
 
Book Value as of December 31, 2016
 
Book Value as of December 31, 2015
 
Weighted Average Contractual Interest Rate / Rate of Return
 
Weighted Average Annualized Effective Interest Rate / Rate of Return
 
Maturity Date as of December 31, 2016
Loans Receivable:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mortgage
 
4

 
Skilled Nursing / Senior Housing
 
$
38,231

 
$
38,262

 
$
166,277

 
9.1
%
 
8.9
%
 
11/07/16 - 04/30/18
Construction
 
1

 
Senior Housing
 
795

 
842

 
75,201

 
8.0
%
 
7.7
%
 
03/31/21
Mezzanine
 
1

 
Senior Housing
 
9,640

 
9,656

 
15,613

 
11.0
%
 
10.8
%
 
08/31/17
Pre-development
 
3

 
Senior Housing
 
4,005

 
4,023

 
3,768

 
9.0
%
 
7.7
%
 
01/28/17 - 09/09/17
Debtor-in-possession
 
1

 
Acute Care Hospital
 
813

 
813

 
13,625

 
5.0
%
 
5.0
%
 
N/A
 
 
10

 
 
 
53,484

 
53,596

 
274,484

 
9.3
%
 
9.1
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loan loss reserve
 
 
 

 
(2,750
)
 
(4,300
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
53,484

 
50,846

 
270,184

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Investments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Preferred Equity
 
12

 
Skilled Nursing/Senior Housing
 
44,882

 
45,190

 
29,993

 
12.9
%
 
12.9
%
 
N/A
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total
 
22

 
 
 
$
98,366

 
$
96,036

 
$
300,177

 
10.9
%
 
10.8
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

(1) Principal balance includes amounts funded and accrued unpaid interest / preferred return and excludes capitalizable fees.

8

                        

Significant Credit Concentrations
The following table provides information regarding relationships that represent more than 10% of our annualized revenues as of December 31, 2016:
Tenant
 
Number of Investments
 
% of Total Investments (1)
 
% of Annualized Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Genesis Healthcare, Inc.
 
78

 
20.6
%
 
32.3
%
Holiday AL Holdings LP
 
21

 
22.7

 
16.2

NMS Healthcare
 
5

 
11.7

 
12.4


(1) Total investments consists of gross real estate investment balance, preferred equity investments, loans receivable investments plus capitalized origination fees net of loan loss reserves.
See “Risk Factors—Risks Related to Tenant Concentration” in Part I, Item 1A of this 10-K and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Concentration of Credit Risk” in Part I, Item 7 for additional information, including risks and uncertainties, regarding our significant tenant concentration.
Investment Financing Strategy
We intend to invest in additional healthcare properties as suitable opportunities arise and adequate sources of financing are available. We expect that future investments in properties, including any improvements or renovations of current or newly-acquired properties, will depend on and will be financed, in whole or in part, by our existing cash, borrowings available to us under our Revolving Credit Facility (as defined below), future borrowings or the proceeds from issuances of common stock, preferred stock, debt or other securities. In addition, we may seek financing from U.S. government agencies, including through Fannie Mae and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (“HUD”), in appropriate circumstances in connection with acquisitions. We also use derivative instruments in the normal course of business to mitigate interest rate and foreign currency risk.
Competitive Strengths
We believe the following competitive strengths contribute significantly to our success:
Geographically Diverse and Stable Property Portfolio
Our portfolio of 183 properties held for investment as of December 31, 2016, comprising 18,878 beds/units, is broadly diversified by location across the United States and Canada. Our properties in any one state or province did not account for more than 10% of our total beds/units as of December 31, 2016. Our geographic diversification will limit the effect of a decline in any one regional market on our overall performance. The annual occupancy percentages of our stabilized properties remained stable over the last three fiscal years at between 88.2% and 87.8% for our skilled nursing/transitional care facilities and between 89.4% and 89.1% for our senior housing facilities. We have also been able to diversify through acquisitions the extent to which our revenues are dependent on our tenants’, borrowers’, and equity investees' revenue from federal, state and local government reimbursement programs. Based on the information provided to us by our tenants and borrowers, which information is provided quarterly in arrears, on an annualized basis as of December 31, 2016, 49.8% of our tenants’, borrowers’, and equity investees' revenue was from federal, state and local government reimbursement programs.
Long-Term, Triple-Net Lease Structure
Nearly all our real estate properties held for investment are leased under triple-net operating leases with expirations ranging from four to 16 years, pursuant to which the tenants are responsible for all facility maintenance, insurance required in connection with the leased properties and the business conducted on the leased properties, taxes levied on or with respect to the leased properties and all utilities and other services necessary or appropriate for the leased properties and the business conducted on the leased properties. As of December 31, 2016, the leases had a weighted-average remaining term of over nine years. We retain substantially all of the risks and benefits of ownership of the real estate assets leased to tenants. In addition, we may receive additional security under these operating leases in the form of letters of credit and security deposits from the lessee or guarantees from the parent of the lessee or other parties related to the lessee. Security deposits received in cash related to tenant leases are included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets and totaled $2.7 million and $1.3 million as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

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Strong Relationships with Operators
The members of our management team have developed an extensive network of relationships with qualified local, regional and national operators of skilled nursing and senior housing facilities across the United States and Canada. This extensive network has been built by our management team through over 25 years of operating experience, involvement in industry trade organizations and the development of banking relationships and investor relations within the skilled nursing and senior housing industries. We work collaboratively with our operators to help them achieve their growth and business objectives. We believe these strong relationships with operators help us to source investment opportunities.
Our relationships with operators include pipeline agreements that we have entered into with certain operators that provide for the acquisition of, and interim capital commitments for, various health care facilities. These pipeline agreements, together with repeat transactions with other operators, help support our future growth potential by providing additional investment opportunities with lower acquisition pursuit costs than would be required for investments with new operators.
Ability to Identify Talented Operators
As a result of our management team’s operating experience, network of relationships and industry insight, we have been able and expect to continue to be able to identify qualified local, regional and national operators. We seek operators who possess local market knowledge, demonstrate hands-on management, have proven track records and emphasize patient care. These operators are often located in secondary markets, which generally have lower costs to build and favorable demographics as demonstrated by the fact that the percentage of the population over the age of 65 is greater in the markets where we have invested than in the U.S. as a whole. We believe our management team’s experience gives us a key competitive advantage in objectively evaluating an operator’s financial position, emphasis on care and operating efficiency.
Significant Experience in Proactive Asset Management
The members of our management team have significant experience developing systems to collect and evaluate data relating to the underlying operational and financial success of healthcare companies and healthcare-related real estate assets. We are able to utilize this experience and expertise to provide our operators, when requested, with significant assistance in the areas of marketing, development, facility expansion and strategic planning. We actively monitor the operating results of our tenants and, when requested, will work closely with our operators to identify and capitalize on opportunities to improve the operations of our facilities and the overall financial and operating strength of our operators.
Experienced Management Team
Our management team has extensive healthcare and real estate experience. Richard K. Matros, Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer of Sabra, has more than 25 years of experience in the acquisition, development and disposition of healthcare assets, including nine years at Sun Healthcare Group, Inc. Harold W. Andrews, Jr., Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Secretary of Sabra, is a finance professional with more than 15 years of experience in both the provision of healthcare services and healthcare real estate. Talya Nevo-Hacohen, Executive Vice President, Chief Investment Officer and Treasurer of Sabra, is a real estate finance executive with more than 20 years of experience in real estate finance, acquisition and development, including three years of experience managing and implementing the capital markets strategy of an S&P 500 healthcare REIT. Through years of public company experience, our management team also has extensive experience accessing both debt and equity capital markets to fund growth and maintain a flexible capital structure.
Flexible UPREIT Structure
We operate through an umbrella partnership, commonly referred to as an UPREIT structure, in which substantially all of our properties and assets are held by Sabra Health Care Limited Partnership, a Delaware limited partnership (the "Operating Partnership"), in which we are the sole general partner and our wholly owned subsidiaries are currently the only limited partners, or by subsidiaries of the Operating Partnership. Conducting business through the Operating Partnership allows us flexibility in the manner in which we acquire properties. In particular, an UPREIT structure enables us to acquire additional properties from sellers in exchange for limited partnership units, which may provide property owners the opportunity to defer the tax consequences that would otherwise arise from a sale of their real properties and other assets to us. As a result, this structure allows us to acquire assets more efficiently and may allow us to acquire assets that the owner would otherwise be unwilling to sell because of tax considerations.
Business Strategies
We pursue business strategies focused on opportunistic acquisitions and property diversification where such acquisitions meet our investing and financing strategy. We also intend to further develop our relationships with tenants and healthcare providers with a goal to progressively expand the mixture of tenants managing and operating our properties.

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The key components of our business strategies include:
Diversify Asset Portfolio
We expect to continue to grow our portfolio primarily through the acquisition of assisted living, independent living and memory care facilities in the U.S. and Canada and with a secondary focus on acquiring skilled nursing and transitional care facilities in the U.S. We have and will continue to opportunistically acquire other types of healthcare real estate, originate financing secured directly or indirectly by healthcare facilities and invest in the development of senior housing and skilled nursing/transitional care facilities. We may also achieve our objective of diversifying our portfolio by tenant and asset class through select asset sales and other arrangements with Genesis and other tenants.
Maintain Balance Sheet Strength and Liquidity
We seek to maintain a capital structure that provides the resources and flexibility to support the growth of our business. As of December 31, 2016, we had approximately $499.5 million in liquidity, consisting of unrestricted cash and cash equivalents of $25.5 million (excluding joint venture cash and cash equivalents), and available borrowings under our Revolving Credit Facility of $474.0 million. The Credit Facility (as defined below) also contains an accordion feature that can increase the total available borrowings to $1.25 billion (from U.S. $745.0 million plus CAD $125.0 million), subject to terms and conditions.
We intend to maintain a mix of credit facility debt, term loan debt, mortgage debt and unsecured term debt which, together with our anticipated ability to complete future equity financings, we expect will fund the growth of our operations. Further, we may opportunistically seek access to U.S. government agency financing, including through Fannie Mae and HUD, in appropriate circumstances in connection with acquisitions.
Develop New Investment Relationships
We seek to cultivate our relationships with tenants and healthcare providers in order to expand the mix of tenants operating our properties and, in doing so, to reduce our dependence on any single tenant or operator. We have grown our investment relationships from one in 2010 to 33 as of December 31, 2016. We expect to continue to develop new investment relationships as part of our overall strategy to acquire new properties and further diversify our overall portfolio of healthcare properties.
Capital Source to Underserved Operators
We believe that there is a significant opportunity to be a capital source to healthcare operators through the acquisition and leasing of healthcare properties that are consistent with our investment and financing strategy, but that, due to size and other considerations, are not a focus for larger healthcare REITs. We utilize our management team’s operating experience, network of relationships and industry insight to identify financially strong and growing operators in need of capital funding for future growth. In appropriate circumstances, we may negotiate with operators to acquire individual healthcare properties from those operators and then lease those properties back to the operators pursuant to long-term triple-net leases or refinance new projects.
Strategic Capital Improvements
We intend to continue to support operators by providing capital to them for a variety of purposes, including for capital expenditures and facility modernization. We expect to structure these investments as either lease amendments that produce additional rents or as loans that are repaid by operators during the applicable lease term.
Pursue Strategic Development Opportunities
We intend to work with our operators to identify strategic development opportunities. These opportunities may involve replacing or renovating facilities in our portfolio that may have become less competitive and new development opportunities that present attractive risk-adjusted returns. In addition to pursuing acquisitions with triple-net leases, we expect to continue to pursue other forms of investment, including investments in third-party managed senior housing facilities, mezzanine and secured debt investments, and joint ventures for senior housing and skilled nursing/transitional care facilities.
 Our Employees
As of December 31, 2016, we employed 14 full-time employees (including our executive officers), none of whom is subject to a collective bargaining agreement.

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Competition
We compete for real property investments with other REITs, investment companies, private equity and hedge fund investors, sovereign funds, healthcare operators, lenders and other investors. Some of our competitors are significantly larger and have greater financial resources and lower costs of capital than we do. Increased competition will make it more challenging to identify and successfully capitalize on acquisition opportunities that meet our investment objectives. Our ability to compete is also impacted by national and local economic trends, availability of investment alternatives, availability and cost of capital, construction and renovation costs, existing laws and regulations, new legislation and population trends.
In addition, revenues from our properties are dependent on the ability of our tenants and operators to compete with other healthcare operators. These operators compete on a local and regional basis for residents and patients, and the operators’ ability to successfully attract and retain residents and patients depends on key factors such as the number of facilities in the local market, the types of services available, the quality of care, reputation, age and appearance of each facility and the cost of care in each locality. Private, federal and state payment programs and the effect of other laws and regulations may also have a significant impact on the ability of our tenants and operators to compete successfully for residents and patients at the properties.
Government Regulation
Our tenants are subject to extensive and complex federal, state and local healthcare laws and regulations, including anti-kickback, anti-fraud and abuse provisions codified under the Social Security Act. These provisions prohibit certain business practices and relationships that might affect the provision and cost of healthcare services reimbursable under Medicare and Medicaid. Sanctions for violating these anti-kickback, anti-fraud and abuse provisions include criminal penalties, civil sanctions, fines and possible exclusion from government programs such as Medicare and Medicaid. If a center is decertified as a Medicare or Medicaid provider by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (“CMS”) or a state, the center will not thereafter be reimbursed for caring for residents that are covered by Medicare and Medicaid, and the center would be forced to care for such residents without being reimbursed or to transfer such residents.
Most of our tenants’ skilled nursing/transitional care centers, assisted living and mental health centers are licensed under applicable state law. Most of our skilled nursing/transitional care centers and mental health centers are certified or approved as providers under the Medicare and Medicaid programs. Some of our assisted living centers are certified or approved as providers under various state Medicaid and/or Medicaid waiver programs. State and local agencies survey all skilled nursing centers and some assisted living centers on a regular basis to determine whether such centers are in compliance with governmental operating and health standards and conditions for participation in government sponsored third party payor programs. Under certain circumstances, the federal and state agencies have the authority to take adverse actions against a center or service provider, including the imposition of a monitor, the imposition of monetary penalties and the decertification of a center or provider from participation in the Medicare and/or Medicaid/Medicaid waiver programs or licensure revocation. Challenging and appealing notices or allegations of noncompliance can require significant legal expenses and management attention.
Various states in which our tenants operate our centers have established minimum staffing requirements or may establish minimum staffing requirements in the future. Failure to comply with such minimum staffing requirements may result in the imposition of fines or other sanctions. Most states in which our tenants operate have statutes requiring that prior to the addition or construction of new nursing home beds, to the addition of new services or to certain capital expenditures in excess of defined levels, the tenant first must obtain a certificate of need, which certifies that the state has made a determination that a need exists for such new or additional beds, new services or capital expenditures. The certification process is intended to promote quality healthcare at the lowest possible cost and to avoid the unnecessary duplication of services, equipment and centers. This certification process can restrict or prohibit the undertaking of a project or lengthen the period of time required to enlarge or renovate a facility or replace a tenant.
In addition to the above, those of our tenants who provide services that are paid for by Medicare and Medicaid are subject to federal and state budgetary cuts and constraints that limit the reimbursement levels available from these government programs.
As of December 31, 2016, our subsidiaries owned 17 healthcare facilities (11 skilled nursing/transitional care facilities and six senior housing facilities) with mortgage loans that are guaranteed by HUD. Those facilities are subject to the rules and regulations of HUD, including periodic inspections by HUD, although the tenants of those facilities have the primary responsibility for maintaining the facilities in compliance with HUD’s rules and regulations. The regulatory agreements entered into by each owner and each operator of the property restrict, among other things, any sale or other transfer of the property, modification of the lease between the owner and the operator, use of surplus cash from the property except upon certain conditions, renovations of the property and use of the property other than for a skilled nursing facility, all without prior HUD approval.

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In addition, as an owner of real property, we are subject to various federal, state and local environmental and health and safety laws and regulations. These laws and regulations address various matters, including asbestos, fuel oil management, wastewater discharges, air emissions, medical wastes and hazardous wastes. The costs of complying with these laws and regulations and the penalties for non-compliance can be substantial. For example, although we do not operate or manage our properties, we may be held primarily or jointly and severally liable for costs relating to the investigation and clean up of any property from which there has been a release or threatened release of a regulated material as well as other affected properties, regardless of whether we knew of or caused the release. In addition to these costs, which are typically not limited by law or regulation and could exceed the property’s value, we could be liable for certain other costs, including governmental fines and injuries to persons, property or natural resources. See “Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Our Business—Environmental compliance costs and liabilities associated with real estate properties owned by us may materially impair the value of those investments.”
Updates to REIT Rules
The Protecting Americans from Tax Hikes Act of 2015 (the “PATH Act”) was enacted on December 18, 2015 and contains several provisions pertaining to REIT qualification and taxation, which are briefly summarized below:

For taxable years beginning before January 1, 2018, no more than 25% of the value of a REIT's assets may consist of stock or securities of one or more taxable REIT subsidiaries (“TRSs”). For taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017, the PATH Act reduces this limit to 20%.
For purposes of the REIT asset tests, the PATH Act provides that debt instruments issued by publicly offered REITs will constitute “real estate assets.” However, unless such a debt instrument is secured by a mortgage or otherwise would have qualified as a real estate asset under prior law, (i) interest income and gain from such a debt instrument is not qualifying income for purposes of the 75% gross income test and (ii) all such debt instruments may represent no more than 25% of the value of a REIT's total assets.
For taxable years beginning after December 31, 2015, certain obligations secured by a mortgage on both real property and personal property are treated as a qualifying real estate asset and give rise to qualifying income for purposes of the 75% gross income test if the fair market value of such personal property does not exceed 15% of the total fair market value of all such property.
A 100% excise tax is imposed on “redetermined TRS service income,” which is income of a TRS attributable to services provided to, or on behalf of, its associated REIT and which would otherwise be increased on distribution, apportionment, or allocation under Section 482 of the Code.
For distributions made in taxable years beginning after December 31, 2014, the preferential dividend rules no longer apply.
Additional exceptions to the rules under the Foreign Investment in Real Property Tax Act (“FIRPTA”) were introduced for non-U.S. persons that constitute “qualified shareholders” (within the meaning of Section 897(k)(3) of the Code) or “qualified foreign pension funds” (within the meaning of Section 897(l)(2) of the Code).
After February 16, 2016, the FIRPTA withholding rate under Section 1445 of the Code for dispositions of U.S. real property interests was increased from 10% to 15%.
The PATH Act increases from 5% to 10% the maximum stock ownership of the REIT that a non-U.S. shareholder may have held to avail itself of the FIRPTA exception for shares regularly traded on an established securities market.

In addition, the IRS issued guidance delaying the imposition of withholding under the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act to the gross proceeds from a disposition of property that can produce U.S. source interest or dividends. Such withholding will apply only to dispositions occurring after December 31, 2018.

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS
The following describes the risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those presented in our forward-looking statements. The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones we face but do represent those risks and uncertainties that we believe are material to us. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial may also harm our business.

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Risks Related to Tenant Concentration
We are dependent on Genesis until we further diversify our portfolio, and an event that has a material adverse effect on Genesis’s business, financial position or results of operations would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial position or results of operations.
As of December 31, 2016, leases to subsidiaries of Genesis represented 32.3% of our annualized revenues, with Genesis guaranteeing the obligations under the lease agreements. There can be no assurance that Genesis and its subsidiaries will have sufficient assets, income and access to financing to enable them to satisfy their payment obligations under their lease agreements. The inability of Genesis and its subsidiaries to meet their rent obligations would materially adversely affect our business, financial position or results of operations including our ability to pay dividends to our stockholders as required to maintain our status as a REIT. The inability of Genesis and its subsidiaries to satisfy their other obligations under their lease agreements such as the payment of taxes, insurance and utilities could have a material adverse effect on the condition of the leased properties as well as on our business, financial position and results of operations. For these reasons, if Genesis were to experience a material adverse effect on its business, financial position or results of operations, our business, financial position or results of operations would also be materially adversely affected.
Due to our dependence on rental payments from Genesis and its subsidiaries as a significant source of revenues, we may be limited in our ability to enforce our rights under these lease agreements or to terminate a lease thereunder. Failure by Genesis and its subsidiaries to comply with the terms of their lease agreements or to comply with the healthcare regulations to which the leased properties and Genesis’s operations are subject could require us to find other lessees for any affected leased properties and there could be a decrease or cessation of rental payments by Genesis and its subsidiaries. In such event, we may be unable to locate suitable replacement lessees willing to pay similar rental rates or at all, which would have the effect of reducing our rental revenues.
Holiday may be unable to cover its lease obligations to us and there can be no assurance that its indirect parent, Holiday AL Holdings LP (the “Guarantor”), will be able to cover any shortfall.
As of December 31, 2016, a lease with Holiday represented 16.2% of our annualized revenues, with the Guarantor guaranteeing the obligations under this lease. The 21 independent living facilities acquired (the “Holiday Portfolio”) from Holiday Acquisition Holdings Corp. (“Holiday”) were previously owner-operated by Holiday. As a result, Holiday did not have a lease expense to cover like the lease expense that is payable to us under the master lease relating to the Holiday Portfolio. If Holiday is not able to satisfy its obligations to us, we would be entitled, among other remedies, to use the letter of credit of Holiday then held by us as security for Holiday's performance of its obligations (approximately $15.1 million as of December 31, 2016) and to seek recourse against the Guarantor under the Guaranty. The guaranty of master lease (the "Guaranty") executed by the Guarantor in favor of us includes certain financial covenants of the Guarantor, including maintaining a minimum net worth of $150 million, a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.10x and a maximum leverage ratio of 10x (as each term is defined in the Guaranty). As of December 31, 2016, the Guarantor has guaranteed, or agreed to guarantee, significant lease obligations of various other of its subsidiaries in addition to its guarantee of Holiday’s obligations to us. In the future, the Guarantor may execute additional guaranties of the lease obligations of its subsidiaries without limitation. There can be no assurance that the Guarantor will have the resources necessary to satisfy its obligations to us under the Guaranty in the event that Holiday fails to satisfy its lease obligations to us in full, which could have a material adverse effect on us.
Risks Relating to Our Business
We are dependent on the operating success of our tenants.
Our tenants’ revenues are primarily driven by occupancy, Medicare and Medicaid reimbursement and private pay rates. Revenues from government reimbursement have been, and may continue to be, subject to rate cuts and further pressure from federal and state budgetary cuts and constraints. Overall weak economic conditions in the United States may adversely affect occupancy rates of healthcare facilities that rely on private pay residents. Our tenants’ expenses are driven by the costs of labor, food, utilities, taxes, insurance and rent or debt service. In addition, any failure by a tenant to effectively conduct its operations or to maintain and improve our properties could adversely affect its business reputation and its ability to attract and retain residents in our properties. To the extent any decrease in revenues and/or any increase in operating expenses results in our tenants’ not generating enough cash to make scheduled lease payments to us, our business, financial position or results of operations could be materially adversely affected.



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We have substantial indebtedness and the ability to incur significant additional indebtedness.
As of December 31, 2016, we had outstanding indebtedness of $1.2 billion, which consisted of $700.0 million of senior unsecured notes, including $500.0 million total aggregate principal amount of 5.5% senior unsecured notes due 2021 (the “2021 Notes”) and $200.0 million aggregate principal amount of 5.375% senior notes due 2023 (the “2023 Notes” and, together with the 2021 Notes, the “Senior Notes”), $338.0 million in term loans, $26.0 million outstanding under our Revolving Credit Facility and aggregate mortgage indebtedness to third parties of $163.6 million on certain of our properties, and we had $474.0 million available for borrowing under our Revolving Credit Facility. Our high level of indebtedness may have the following important consequences to us:
It may become more difficult for us to satisfy our obligations (including ongoing interest payments and, where applicable, scheduled amortization payments) with respect to the Senior Notes and our other debt;
It may limit our ability to obtain additional financing to fund future acquisitions, working capital, capital expenditures or other general corporate requirements;
It may increase our cost of borrowing;
It may expose us to the risk of increased interest rates as borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility are subject to variable rates of interest;
We may need to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flow from operations to the payment of debt service, thereby limiting our ability to invest in our business;
It may limit our ability to adjust rapidly to changing market conditions and we may be vulnerable in the event of a downturn in general economic conditions or in the real estate and/or healthcare sectors;
It may place us at a competitive disadvantage against less leveraged competitors; and
It may require us to sell assets and properties at an inopportune time.
In addition, the Senior Notes Indentures (as defined below) permit us to incur substantial additional debt, including secured debt (to which the Senior Notes will be effectively subordinated). If we incur additional debt, the related risks described above could intensify.
We may be unable to service our indebtedness.
Our ability to make scheduled payments on and to refinance our indebtedness depends on and is subject to our financial and operating performance, which in turn is affected by general and regional economic, financial, competitive, business and other factors beyond our control, including the availability of financing in the international banking and capital markets. Our business may fail to generate sufficient cash flow from operations or future borrowings may be unavailable to us under our Revolving Credit Facility or from other sources in an amount sufficient to enable us to service our debt, to refinance our debt or to fund our other liquidity needs. If we are unable to meet our debt obligations or to fund our other liquidity needs, we will need to restructure or refinance all or a portion of our debt. We may be unable to refinance any of our debt, including our Credit Facility (as defined below), on commercially reasonable terms or at all. In particular, our Credit Facility will mature prior to the maturity of the Senior Notes. If we were unable to make payments or refinance our debt or obtain new financing under these circumstances, we would have to consider other options, such as asset sales, equity issuances and/or negotiations with our lenders to restructure the applicable debt. Our Credit Facility and the Senior Notes Indentures restrict, and market or business conditions may limit, our ability to take some or all of these actions. Any restructuring or refinancing of our indebtedness could be at higher interest rates and may require us to comply with more onerous covenants that could further restrict our business operations.
Covenants in our debt agreements restrict our activities and could adversely affect our business.
Our debt agreements, including the Senior Notes Indentures and our Credit Facility, contain various covenants that limit our ability and the ability of our restricted subsidiaries to engage in various transactions including:
Incurring additional secured and unsecured debt;
Paying dividends or making other distributions on, redeeming or repurchasing capital stock;
Making investments or other restricted payments;
Entering into transactions with affiliates;
Issuing stock of or interests in restricted subsidiaries;
Engaging in non-healthcare related business activities;

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Creating restrictions on the ability of our restricted subsidiaries to pay dividends or other amounts to us;
Selling assets; or
Effecting a consolidation or merger or selling all or substantially all of our assets.
These covenants limit our operational flexibility and could prevent us from taking advantage of business opportunities as they arise, growing our business or competing effectively. In addition, our Credit Facility requires us to maintain specified financial covenants, which include a maximum leverage ratio, a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio and a minimum tangible net worth ratio, as well as satisfy other financial condition tests. The Senior Notes Indentures require us to maintain total unencumbered assets of at least 150% of our unsecured indebtedness. Our ability to meet these requirements may be affected by events beyond our control, and we may not meet these requirements.
A breach of any of the covenants or other provisions in our debt agreements could result in an event of default, which if not cured or waived, could result in such debt becoming immediately due and payable. This, in turn, could cause our other debt to become due and payable as a result of cross-acceleration provisions contained in the agreements governing such other debt. We may be unable to maintain compliance with these covenants and, if we fail to do so, we may be unable to obtain waivers from the lenders and/or amend the covenants. In the event that some or all of our debt is accelerated and becomes immediately due and payable, we may not have the funds to repay, or the ability to refinance, such debt.
 An increase in market interest rates could increase our interest costs on borrowings on our Revolving Credit Facility and future debt and could adversely affect our stock price.
If interest rates increase, so could our interest costs for borrowings on our Revolving Credit Facility and any new debt. This increased cost could make the financing of any acquisition more costly. Rising interest rates could limit our ability to refinance existing debt when it matures or cause us to pay higher interest rates upon refinancing. In addition, an increase in interest rates could decrease the access third parties have to credit, thereby decreasing the amount they are willing to pay for our assets, and consequently limit our ability to reposition our portfolio promptly in response to changes in economic or other conditions.
Our ability to raise capital through equity financings is dependent, in part, on the market price of our common stock, which depends on market conditions and other factors affecting REITs generally.
Our ability to raise capital through equity financings depends, in part, on the market price of our common stock, which in turn depends on fluctuating market conditions and other factors including the following:
The reputation of REITs and attractiveness of their equity securities in comparison with other equity securities, including securities issued by other real estate companies;
Our financial performance and that of our tenants;
Concentrations in our investment portfolio by tenant and facility type;
Concerns about our tenants’ financial condition due to uncertainty regarding reimbursement from governmental and other third-party payor programs;
Our ability to meet or exceed investor expectations of prospective investment and earnings targets;
The contents of analyst reports about us and the REIT industry;
Changes in interest rates on fixed-income securities, which may lead prospective investors to demand a higher annual yield from investments in our common stock;
Maintaining or increasing our dividend, which is determined by our board of directors and depends on our financial position, results of operations, cash flows, capital requirements, debt covenants (which include limits on distributions by us), applicable law, and other factors as our board of directors deems relevant; and
Regulatory action and changes in REIT tax laws.
The market value of a REIT’s equity securities is generally based upon the market’s perception of the REIT’s growth potential and its current and potential future earnings and cash distributions. If we fail to meet the market’s expectation with regard to future earnings and cash distributions, the market price of our common stock could decline and our ability to raise capital through equity financings could be materially adversely affected.
We may be adversely affected by fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates.
Our ownership of properties in Canada currently subjects us to fluctuations in the exchange rate between U.S. dollars and Canadian dollars. Although we have pursued hedging alternatives, by borrowing in Canadian dollar denominated debt and entering into cross currency swaps, to protect against foreign currency fluctuations, no amount of hedging activity can fully insulate us from the risks associated with changes in foreign currency exchange rates, and the failure to hedge effectively

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against foreign currency exchange rate risk could materially adversely affect our business, financial position or results of operations. In addition, any income derived from such hedging transactions may not qualify under the 75% gross income test or the 95% gross income test that we must satisfy annually in order to qualify and maintain our status as a REIT.
Required regulatory approvals can delay or prohibit transfers of our healthcare properties, which could result in periods in which we are unable to receive rent for such properties.
Our tenants are operators of skilled nursing and other healthcare facilities, which operators must be licensed under applicable state law and, depending upon the type of facility, certified or approved as providers under the Medicare and/or Medicaid programs. Prior to the transfer of the operations of such healthcare properties to successor operators, the new operator generally must become licensed under state law and, in certain states, receive change of ownership approvals under certificate of need laws (which laws provide for a certification that the state has made a determination that a need exists for the beds located on the applicable property). If applicable, Medicare and Medicaid provider approvals may be needed as well. In the event that an existing lease is terminated or expires and a new tenant is found, then any delays in the new tenant receiving regulatory approvals from the applicable federal, state or local government agencies, or the inability of such tenant to receive such approvals, may prolong the period during which we are unable to collect the applicable rent. We could also incur substantial additional expenses in connection with any licensing, receivership or change-of-ownership proceedings.
Our tenants may be adversely affected by increasing healthcare regulation and enforcement.
Over the last several years, the regulatory environment of the long-term healthcare industry has intensified both in the amount and type of regulations and in the efforts to enforce those regulations. This is particularly true for large for-profit, multi-facility providers. The extensive federal, state and local laws and regulations affecting the healthcare industry include those relating to, among other things, licensure, conduct of operations, ownership of facilities, addition of facilities and equipment, allowable costs, services, prices for services, qualified beneficiaries, quality of care, patient rights, fraudulent or abusive behavior, and financial and other arrangements that may be entered into by healthcare providers. Changes in enforcement policies by federal and state governments have resulted in a significant increase in the number of inspections, citations of regulatory deficiencies and other regulatory sanctions, including terminations from the Medicare and Medicaid programs, bars on Medicare and Medicaid payments for new admissions, civil monetary penalties and even criminal penalties.
If our tenants fail to comply with the extensive laws, regulations and other requirements applicable to their businesses and the operation of our properties, they could become ineligible to receive reimbursement from governmental and private third-party payor programs, face bans on admissions of new patients or residents, suffer civil or criminal penalties or be required to make significant changes to their operations. Our tenants also could be forced to expend considerable resources responding to an investigation, lawsuit or other enforcement action under applicable laws or regulations. In such event, the results of operations and financial condition of our tenants and the results of operations of our properties operated by those entities could be adversely affected, which, in turn, could have a material adverse effect on us. We are unable to predict future federal, state and local regulations and legislation, including the Medicare and Medicaid statutes and regulations, or the intensity of enforcement efforts with respect to such regulations and legislation, and any changes in the regulatory framework could have a material adverse effect on our tenants, which, in turn, could have a material adverse effect on us.
Our tenants depend on reimbursement from governmental and other third-party payor programs, and reimbursement rates from such payors may be reduced.
Many of our tenants depend on third-party payors, including Medicare, Medicaid or private third-party payors, for the majority of their revenue. The reduction in reimbursement rates from third-party payors, including insurance companies and the Medicare and Medicaid programs, or other measures reducing reimbursements for services provided by our tenants, may result in a reduction in our tenants’ revenues and operating margins. In addition, reimbursement from private third-party payors may be reduced as a result of retroactive adjustment during claims settlement processes or as a result of post-payment audits. Furthermore, new laws and regulations could impose additional limitations on government and private payments to healthcare providers. For example, our tenants may be affected by health reform initiatives that modify certain payment systems to encourage more cost-effective care and a reduction of inefficiencies and waste (e.g. the implementation of a voluntary bundled payment program and the creation of accountable care organizations). We cannot assure you that adequate reimbursement levels will continue to be available for the services provided by our tenants.  Although moderate reimbursement rate reductions may not affect our tenants’ ability to meet their financial obligations to us, significant limits on reimbursement rates or on the services reimbursed could have a material adverse effect on their business, financial position or results of operations, which could materially adversely affect their ability to meet their financial obligations to us.

While reimbursement rates have generally increased over the past few years, President Trump and members of the U.S. Congress may approve or propose various spending cuts and tax reform initiatives that could result in changes (including

17

                        

substantial reductions in funding) to Medicare, Medicaid or Medicare Advantage Plans. In addition, a number of states are currently managing budget deficits, which may put pressure on states to decrease reimbursement rates for our tenants with a goal of decreasing state expenditures under their state Medicaid programs. Any such existing or future federal or state legislation relating to deficit reduction that reduces reimbursement payments to healthcare providers could have a material adverse effect on our tenants’ business, financial position or results of operations, which could materially adversely affect their ability to meet their financial obligations to us and could have a material adverse effect on us.
We may not be able to sell properties when we desire because real estate investments are relatively illiquid, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial position or results of operations.
Real estate investments generally cannot be sold quickly. In addition, some and potentially substantially all of our properties serve as collateral for our current and future secured debt obligations and cannot readily be sold unless the underlying mortgage indebtedness is concurrently repaid. We may not be able to vary our portfolio promptly in response to changes in the real estate market. A downturn in the real estate market could materially adversely affect the value of our properties and our ability to sell such properties for acceptable prices or on other acceptable terms. We also cannot predict the length of time needed to find a willing purchaser and to close the sale of a property or portfolio of properties. These factors and any others that would impede our ability to respond to adverse changes in the performance of our properties could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial position or results of operations.
The tax imposed on REITs engaging in “prohibited transactions” may limit our ability to engage in transactions which would be treated as sales for federal income tax purposes.
A REIT’s net income from prohibited transactions is subject to a 100% penalty tax. In general, prohibited transactions are sales or other dispositions of property, other than foreclosure property, held primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of business. Although we do not intend to hold any properties that would be characterized as held for sale to customers in the ordinary course of our business, unless a sale or disposition qualifies under certain statutory safe harbors, such characterization is a factual determination and no guarantee can be given that the IRS would agree with our characterization of our properties or that we will always be able to make use of the available safe harbors.
Real estate is a competitive business and this competition may make it difficult for us to identify and purchase suitable healthcare properties, to finance acquisitions on favorable terms, or to retain or attract tenants.
We operate in a highly competitive industry and face competition from other REITs, investment companies, private equity and hedge fund investors, sovereign funds, healthcare operators, lenders and other investors, some of whom are significantly larger than us and have greater resources and lower costs of capital than we do. This competition makes it more challenging to identify and successfully capitalize on acquisition opportunities that meet our investment objectives. Similarly, our properties face competition for tenants from other properties in the same market, which may affect our ability attract and retain tenants or may reduce the rents we are able to charge. If we cannot identify and purchase a sufficient quantity of healthcare properties at favorable prices, finance acquisitions on commercially favorable terms, or attract and retain profitable tenants, our business, financial position or results of operations could be materially adversely affected.
If we lose our key management personnel, we may not be able to successfully manage our business and achieve our objectives.
Our success depends in large part upon the leadership and performance of our executive management team, particularly Mr. Matros, our President and Chief Executive Officer. If we lose the services of Mr. Matros, we may not be able to successfully manage our business or achieve our business objectives.
We have a limited number of employees and, accordingly, the loss of any one of our employees could harm our operations.
As of December 31, 2016, we employed 14 full-time employees, including our executive officers. Accordingly, the impact we may feel from the loss of one of our employees may be greater than the impact such a loss would have on a larger organization. While it is anticipated that we could find replacements for our personnel, the loss of their services could harm our operations, at least in the short term.
Potential litigation and rising insurance costs may affect our tenants’ ability to obtain and maintain adequate liability and other insurance and their ability to make lease payments and fulfill their insurance and indemnification obligations to us.
Our tenants may be subject to lawsuits filed by advocacy groups that monitor the quality of care at healthcare facilities or by patients, facility residents or their families. Significant damage awards are possible in cases where neglect has been found.

18

                        

This litigation has increased our tenants’ costs of monitoring and reporting quality of care and has resulted in increases in the cost of liability and medical malpractice insurance. These increased costs may materially adversely affect our tenants’ ability to obtain and maintain adequate liability and other insurance; manage related risk exposures; fulfill their insurance, indemnification and other obligations to us under their leases; or make lease payments to us. In addition, from time to time, we may be subject to claims brought against us in lawsuits and other legal proceedings arising out of our alleged actions or the alleged actions of our tenants for which such tenants may have agreed to indemnify, defend and hold us harmless. An unfavorable resolution of any such pending or future litigation could materially adversely affect our liquidity, financial condition and results of operations and have a material adverse effect on us in the event that we are not ultimately indemnified by our tenants.
We face potential adverse consequences of bankruptcy or insolvency by our tenants, operators, borrowers, managers and other obligors.
We are exposed to the risk that our tenants could become bankrupt or insolvent. Although our lease agreements provide us with the right to exercise certain remedies in the event of default on the obligations owing to us or upon the occurrence of certain insolvency events, the bankruptcy and insolvency laws afford certain rights to a party that has filed for bankruptcy or reorganization. For example, a lessee may reject its lease with us in a bankruptcy proceeding. In such a case, our claim against the lessee for unpaid and future rents would be limited by the statutory cap of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code. This statutory cap could be substantially less than the remaining rent actually owed under the lease, and any claim we have for unpaid rent might not be paid in full. In addition, a lessee may assert in a bankruptcy proceeding that its lease should be re-characterized as a financing agreement. If such a claim is successful, our rights and remedies as a lender, compared to a landlord, are generally more limited.
We may experience uninsured or underinsured losses, which could result in a significant loss of the capital we have invested in a property, decrease anticipated future revenues or cause us to incur unanticipated expenses.
While our lease agreements require that comprehensive insurance and hazard insurance be maintained by the tenants, there are certain types of losses, generally of a catastrophic nature, such as earthquakes, hurricanes and floods, that may be uninsurable or not economically insurable. Insurance coverage may not be sufficient to pay the full current market value or current replacement cost of a loss. Inflation, changes in building codes and ordinances, environmental considerations, and other factors also might make it infeasible to use insurance proceeds to replace properties after they have been damaged or destroyed. Under such circumstances, the insurance proceeds received might not be adequate to restore the economic position with respect to a damaged property.
Environmental compliance costs and liabilities associated with real estate properties owned by us may materially impair the value of those investments.
As an owner of real property, we or our subsidiaries are subject to various federal, state and local environmental and health and safety laws and regulations. Although we do not currently operate or manage our properties, we or our subsidiaries may be held primarily or jointly and severally liable for costs relating to the investigation and clean-up of any property where there has been a release or threatened release of a hazardous regulated material as well as other affected properties, regardless of whether we knew of or caused the release. In addition to these costs, which are typically not limited by law or regulation and could exceed an affected property’s value, we could be liable for certain other costs, including governmental fines and injuries to persons, property or natural resources. Further, some environmental laws provide for the creation of a lien on a contaminated site in favor of the government as security for damages and any costs the government incurs in connection with such contamination and associated clean-up.
Although we require our operators and tenants to undertake to indemnify us for environmental liabilities they cause, the amount of such liabilities could exceed the financial ability of the tenant or operator to indemnify us. The presence of contamination or the failure to remediate contamination may adversely affect our ability to sell or lease the real estate or to borrow using the real estate as collateral.
An ownership limit and certain anti-takeover defenses could inhibit a change of control of Sabra or reduce the value of our stock.
Certain provisions of Maryland law and of our charter and bylaws may have an anti-takeover effect. The following provisions of Maryland law and these governing documents could have the effect of making it more difficult for a third party to acquire control of Sabra, including certain acquisitions that our stockholders may deem to be in their best interests:

19

                        

Our charter contains transfer and ownership restrictions on the percentage by number and value of outstanding shares of our stock that may be owned or acquired by any stockholder;
Our charter permits the issuance of one or more classes or series of preferred stock with rights and preferences to be determined by the board of directors and permits our board of directors, without stockholder action, to amend the charter to increase or decrease the aggregate number of authorized shares or the number of shares of any class or series that we have authority to issue;
“Business combination” provisions of Maryland law, subject to certain limitations, impose a moratorium on business combinations with “interested stockholders” or affiliates thereof for five years and thereafter impose additional requirements on such business combinations;
Our bylaws require advance notice of stockholder proposals and director nominations; and
Our bylaws may be amended only by our board of directors.
We rely on information technology in our operations, and any material failure, inadequacy, interruption or security failure of that technology could harm our business.
We rely on information technology networks and systems, including the Internet, to process, transmit and store electronic information, and to manage or support a variety of business processes, including financial transactions and records, personal identifying information, tenant and lease data. We purchase some of our information technology from vendors, on whom our systems depend. We rely on commercially available systems, software, tools and monitoring to provide security for processing, transmission and storage of confidential tenant and other customer information, such as individually identifiable information, including information relating to financial accounts. Although we have taken steps to protect the security of our information systems and the data maintained in those systems, it is possible that our safety and security measures will not be able to prevent the systems' improper functioning or damage, or the improper access or disclosure of personally identifiable information such as in the event of cyber-attacks. Security breaches, including physical or electronic break-ins, computer viruses, attacks by hackers and similar breaches, can create system disruptions, shutdowns or unauthorized disclosure of confidential information. Any failure to maintain proper function, security and availability of our information systems could interrupt our operations, damage our reputation, subject us to liability claims or regulatory penalties and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We may be unable to find a replacement tenant for one or more of our leased properties.
We may need to find a replacement tenant for one or more of our leased properties for a variety of reasons, including upon the expiration of the lease term or the occurrence of a tenant default. During any period in which we are attempting to locate one or more replacement tenants, there could be a decrease or cessation of rental payments on the applicable property or properties. We cannot be sure that any of our current or future tenants will elect to renew their respective leases upon expiration of the terms thereof. Similarly, we cannot be sure that we will be able to locate a suitable replacement tenant or, if we are successful in locating a replacement tenant, that the rental payments from the new tenant would not be significantly less than the existing rental payments. Our ability to locate a suitable replacement tenant may be significantly delayed or limited by various state licensing, receivership, certificate of need or other laws, as well as by Medicare and Medicaid change-of-ownership rules. We also may incur substantial additional expenses in connection with any such licensing, receivership or change-of-ownership proceedings. Any such delays, limitations and expenses could delay or impact our ability to collect rent, obtain possession of leased properties or otherwise exercise remedies for default, which could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Risks Associated with Our Status as a REIT
Our failure to maintain our qualification as a REIT would subject us to U.S. federal income tax, which could adversely affect the value of the shares of our common stock and would substantially reduce the cash available for distribution to our stockholders.
Our qualification and taxation as a REIT will depend upon our ability to meet on a continuing basis, through actual annual operating results, certain qualification tests set forth in the U.S. federal tax laws. Accordingly, given the complex nature of the rules governing REITs, the ongoing importance of factual determinations, including the potential tax treatment of investments we make, and the possibility of future changes in our circumstances, no assurance can be given that our actual results of operations for any particular taxable year will satisfy such requirements.
If we fail to qualify as a REIT in any calendar year, we would be required to pay U.S. federal income tax (and any applicable state and local tax), including any applicable alternative minimum tax, on our taxable income at regular corporate rates, and dividends paid to our stockholders would not be deductible by us in computing our taxable income (although such dividends received by certain non-corporate U.S. taxpayers generally would currently be subject to a preferential rate of taxation). Further, if we fail to qualify as a REIT, we might need to borrow money or sell assets in order to pay any resulting

20

                        

tax. Our payment of income tax would decrease the amount of our income available for distribution to our stockholders. Furthermore, if we fail to maintain our qualification as a REIT, we no longer would be required under U.S. federal tax laws to distribute substantially all of our REIT taxable income to our stockholders. Unless our failure to qualify as a REIT was subject to relief under U.S. federal tax laws, we could not re-elect to qualify as a REIT until the fifth calendar year following the year in which we failed to qualify.
The 90% distribution requirement will decrease our liquidity and may limit our ability to engage in otherwise beneficial transactions.
To comply with the 90% taxable income distribution requirement applicable to REITs and to avoid the nondeductible excise tax, we must make distributions to our stockholders. The Senior Notes Indentures permit us to declare or pay any dividend or make any distribution that is necessary to maintain our REIT status if the aggregate principal amount of all outstanding Indebtedness of the Parent and its Restricted Subsidiaries on a consolidated basis at such time is less than 60% of Adjusted Total Assets (as each term is defined in the Senior Notes Indentures) and to make additional distributions if we pass certain other financial tests.
We are required under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), to distribute at least 90% of our taxable income, determined without regard to the dividends-paid deduction and excluding any net capital gain, and the Operating Partnership is required to make distributions to us to allow us to satisfy these REIT distribution requirements. However, distributions may limit our ability to rely upon rental payments from our properties or subsequently acquired properties to finance investments, acquisitions or new developments.
Although we anticipate that we generally will have sufficient cash or liquid assets to enable us to satisfy the REIT distribution requirement, it is possible that, from time to time, we may not have sufficient cash or other liquid assets to meet the 90% distribution requirement. This may be due to the timing differences between the actual receipt of income and actual payment of deductible expenses, on the one hand, and the inclusion of that income and deduction of those expenses in arriving at our taxable income, on the other hand. In addition, non-deductible expenses such as principal amortization or repayments or capital expenditures in excess of non-cash deductions also may cause us to fail to have sufficient cash or liquid assets to enable us to satisfy the 90% distribution requirement.
In the event that such an insufficiency occurs, in order to meet the 90% distribution requirement and maintain our status as a REIT, we may have to sell assets at unfavorable prices, borrow at unfavorable terms, make taxable stock dividends, or pursue other strategies. This may require us to raise additional capital to meet our obligations. The terms of our Credit Facility and the terms of the Senior Notes Indentures may restrict our ability to engage in some of these transactions.
We could fail to qualify as a REIT if income we receive is not treated as qualifying income, including as a result of one or more of the lease agreements we have entered into or assumed not being characterized as true leases for U.S. federal income tax purposes, which would subject us to U.S. federal income tax at corporate tax rates.
Under applicable provisions of the Code, we will not be treated as a REIT unless we satisfy various requirements, including requirements relating to the sources of our gross income. Rents received or accrued by us will not be treated as qualifying rent for purposes of these requirements if the lease agreements we have entered into or assumed (as well as any other leases we enter into or assume) are not respected as true leases for U.S. federal income tax purposes and are instead treated as service contracts, joint ventures, loans or some other type of arrangement. In the event that the lease agreements entered into with lessees are not characterized as true leases for U.S. federal income tax purposes, we may fail to qualify as a REIT. In addition, rents received by us from a lessee will not be treated as qualifying rent for purposes of these requirements if we are treated, either directly or under the applicable attribution rules, as owning 10% or more of the lessee's stock, capital or profits. We will be treated as owning, under the applicable attribution rules, 10% or more of a lessee's stock, capital or profits at any time that a stockholder owns, directly or under the applicable attribution rules, (a) 10% or more of our common stock and (b) 10% or more of the lessee's stock, capital or profits. The provisions of our charter restrict the transfer and ownership of our common stock that would cause the rents received or accrued by us from a tenant of ours to be treated as non-qualifying rent for purposes of the REIT gross income requirements. Nevertheless, there can be no assurance that such restrictions will be effective in ensuring that we will not be treated as related to a tenant of ours. If we fail to qualify as a REIT, we would be subject to U.S. federal income tax (including any applicable minimum tax) on our taxable income at corporate tax rates, which would decrease the amount of cash available for distribution to holders of our common stock.
Complying with REIT requirements may cause us to forego otherwise attractive acquisition opportunities or liquidate otherwise attractive investments, which could materially hinder our performance.
To qualify as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes, we must continually satisfy certain tests, including tests concerning the sources of our income, the nature and diversification of our assets, the amounts we distribute to our stockholders

21

                        

and the ownership of our stock. In order to meet these tests, we may be required to forego investments or acquisitions we might otherwise make. Thus, compliance with the REIT requirements may materially hinder our performance.
If we have significant amounts of non-cash taxable income, we may have to declare taxable stock dividends or make other non-cash distributions, which could cause our stockholders to incur tax liabilities in excess of cash received.
We currently intend to pay dividends in cash only, and not in-kind. However, if for any taxable year, we have significant amounts of taxable income in excess of available cash flow, we may have to declare dividends in-kind in order to satisfy the REIT annual distribution requirements. We may distribute a portion of our dividends in the form of our stock or our debt instruments. In either event, a holder of our common stock will be required to report dividend income as a result of such distributions even though we distributed no cash or only nominal amounts of cash to such stockholder.
The IRS has issued private letter rulings to other REITs treating certain distributions that are paid partly in cash and partly in shares as dividends that would satisfy the REIT annual distribution requirement and qualify for the dividends paid deduction for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Those rulings may be relied upon only by taxpayers to whom they were issued. Accordingly, it is unclear whether and to what extent we will be able to make taxable dividends payable in cash and shares. We have no current intention to make a taxable dividend payable in cash and our shares. However, if we make such a distribution, U.S. holders would be required to include the full amount of the dividend (i.e., the cash and stock portion) as ordinary income to the extent of our current and accumulated earnings and profits for U.S. federal income tax purposes. As a result, a U.S. holder may be required to pay income taxes with respect to such dividends in excess of the cash received. If a U.S. holder sells our stock that it receives as a dividend in order to pay this tax, the sales proceeds may be less than the amount included in income with respect to the dividend, depending on the market price of the stock at the time of the sale. Furthermore, with respect to non-U.S. holders, we may be required to withhold U.S. tax with respect to such dividends, including in respect of all or a portion of such dividend that is payable in stock. In addition, if a significant number of our stockholders determine to sell shares of our stock in order to pay taxes owed on dividends, these sales may put downward pressure on the trading price of our stock. Moreover, various tax aspects of a taxable dividend payable in cash and/or stock are uncertain and have not yet been addressed by the IRS. No assurance can be given that the IRS will not impose additional requirements in the future with respect to taxable dividends payable in cash and/or stock, including on a retroactive basis, or assert that the requirements for such taxable dividends have not been met.
Our charter restricts the transfer and ownership of our stock, which may restrict change of control or business combination opportunities in which our stockholders might receive a premium for their shares.
In order for us to maintain our qualification as a REIT, no more than 50% of the value of our outstanding stock may be owned, directly or constructively, by five or fewer individuals, as defined in the Code. For the purpose of preserving our REIT qualification, our charter prohibits, subject to certain exceptions, beneficial and constructive ownership of more than 9.9% in value or in number of shares, whichever is more restrictive, of our outstanding common stock or more than 9.9% in value of all classes or series of our outstanding stock. The constructive ownership rules are complex and may cause shares of stock owned directly or constructively by a group of related individuals to be constructively owned by one individual or entity. The ownership limits may have the effect of discouraging an acquisition of control of us without the approval of our board of directors.
We may be subject to adverse legislative or regulatory tax changes that could reduce the market price of our common stock.
The rules dealing with U.S. federal income taxation are constantly under review by persons involved in the legislative process and by the IRS and the U.S. Department of the Treasury. Changes to the tax law could materially adversely affect our stockholders. We cannot predict with certainty whether, when, in what forms, or with what effective dates, the tax laws applicable to us or our stockholders may be changed.
Dividends payable by REITs do not qualify for the reduced tax rates available for some dividends.
The maximum income tax rate applicable to “qualified dividends” payable to domestic stockholders taxed at individual rates is currently 20%. Dividends payable by REITs, however, generally are not eligible for the reduced rates. Although not adversely affecting the taxation of REITs or dividends payable by REITs, the more favorable rates applicable to regular corporate qualified dividends could cause investors who are taxed at individual rates to perceive investments in REITs to be relatively less attractive than investments in the stocks of non-REIT corporations that pay dividends treated as qualified dividend income, which could adversely affect the value of the stock of REITs, including our common stock.

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Our ownership of and relationship with any taxable REIT subsidiaries that we have formed or will form will be limited and a failure to comply with the limits would jeopardize our REIT status and may result in the application of a 100% excise tax.
A REIT may own up to 100% of the stock of one or more TRSs. A TRS may earn income that would not be qualifying income if earned directly by the parent REIT. Both the subsidiary and the REIT must jointly elect to treat the subsidiary as a TRS. A corporation (other than a REIT) of which a TRS directly or indirectly owns securities possessing more than 35% of the total voting power or total value of the outstanding securities of such corporation will automatically be treated as a TRS. Overall, no more than 25% of the value of a REIT’s total assets may consist of stock or securities of one or more TRSs. Effective January 1, 2018, such overall limitation on the value of a REIT’s total assets consisting of stock or securities of one or more TRSs will be reduced to 20%. A domestic TRS will pay U.S. federal, state and local income tax at regular corporate rates on any income that it earns. In addition, the TRS rules limit the deductibility of interest paid or accrued by a TRS to its parent REIT to assure that the TRS is subject to an appropriate level of corporate taxation. The rules also impose a 100% excise tax on certain transactions between a TRS and its parent REIT that are not conducted on an arm’s length basis. Any domestic TRS that we have formed or may form will pay U.S. federal, state and local income tax on its taxable income, and its after-tax net income will be available for distribution to us but is not required to be distributed to us unless necessary to maintain our REIT qualification.

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
Not applicable.

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES    
As of December 31, 2016, our investment portfolio consisted of 183 real estate properties held for investment (consisting of (i) 97 skilled nursing/transitional care facilities, (ii) 85 senior housing facilities, and (iii) one acute care hospital), 10 investments in loans receivable (consisting of (i) four mortgage loans, (ii) one construction loan, (iii) one mezzanine loan, (iv) three pre-development loans and (v) and one DIP loan) and 12 preferred equity investments. Included in the 183 real estate properties held for investment are two Managed Properties. As of December 31, 2016, our real estate properties held for investment had a total of 18,878 beds/units, spread across the United States and Canada. As of December 31, 2016, nearly all of our real estate properties were leased under triple-net operating leases with expirations ranging from four to 16 years.
Nearly all of our properties are leased under long term, triple-net leases. The following table displays the expiration of the annualized straight-line rental revenues under our lease agreements as of December 31, 2016 by year and facility type (dollars in thousands) and, in each case, without giving effect to any renewal options:
 
2020
 
2021
 
2022
 
2023
 
2024
 
2025
 
2026
 
Thereafter
 
Total
Skilled Nursing/Transitional Care
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Properties
26

 
29

 
12

 

 
9

 
2

 
4

 
15

 
97

Beds/Units
2,957

 
3,337

 
893

 

 
1,056

 
222

 
500

 
1,854

 
10,819

Annualized Revenues
$
27,066

 
$
28,666

 
$
10,383

 
$

 
$
13,533

 
$
2,914

 
$
10,578

 
$
42,598

 
$
135,738

Senior Housing (1)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Properties
2

 
4

 
11

 

 
9

 
22

 
1

 
31

 
80

Beds/Units
266

 
378

 
646

 

 
668

 
1,797

 
100

 
3,820

 
7,675

Annualized Revenues
1,996

 
2,359

 
7,468

 

 
7,087

 
19,308

 
624

 
52,316

 
91,158

Acute Care Hospital
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Properties

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
1

 
1

Beds/Units

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
70

 
70

Annualized Revenues

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
5,493

 
5,493

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Properties
28

 
33

 
23

 

 
18

 
24

 
5

 
47

 
178

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Beds/Units
3,223

 
3,715

 
1,539

 

 
1,724

 
2,019

 
600

 
5,744

 
18,564

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Annualized Revenues
$
29,062

 
$
31,025

 
$
17,851

 
$

 
$
20,620

 
$
22,222

 
$
11,202

 
$
100,407

 
$
232,389

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
% of Revenue
12.5
%
 
13.4
%
 
7.7
%
 
%
 
8.9
%
 
9.6
%
 
4.8
%
 
43.1
%
 
100.0
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1) Excludes two Managed Properties and three senior housing facilities transitioned to new operators that are not subject to leases.

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Occupancy Trends
The following table sets forth the occupancy percentage for our properties for the periods indicated.
 
 
Occupancy % (1)
 
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
Skilled Nursing/Transitional Care
 
88.2
%
 
87.0
%
 
87.8
%
Senior Housing
 
89.4
%
 
90.3
%
 
89.1
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1) The percentages are calculated by dividing the actual census from the period presented by the available beds/units for the same period. Occupancy for independent living facilities can be greater than 100% for a given period as multiple residents could occupy a single unit. All facility financial performance data were provided by, or derived solely from information provided by operators/tenants without independent verification by the Company. All facility financial performance data are presented one quarter in arrears. The Company excludes the impact of Managed Properties and facilities held for sale or being positioned to be sold. Occupancy percentage for facilities with new tenants/operators are only included in periods subsequent to our acquisition. Occupancy percentage includes occupancy percentage for stabilized facilities owned by the Company as of the end of the respective period.
You should not rely upon occupancy percentages, either individually or in the aggregate, to determine the performance of a facility. Other factors that may impact the performance of a facility include the sources of payment, terms of reimbursement and the acuity level of the patients (i.e., the condition of patients that determines the level of skilled nursing and rehabilitation therapy services required).
See also the discussion above under the heading “Business—Portfolio of Healthcare Properties” for further discussion regarding the ownership of our properties and the types of healthcare facilities that comprise our properties.
Mortgage Indebtedness
Of our 183 properties held for investment, 20 are subject to mortgage indebtedness to third parties that, as of December 31, 2016, totaled approximately $163.6 million. See the discussion under the heading “Management’s Discussion and Analysis—Liquidity and Capital Resources—Mortgage Indebtedness” for further discussion regarding our mortgage indebtedness. As of December 31, 2016 and 2015, our mortgage notes payable consisted of the following (dollars in thousands):
 
Principal Balance as of December 31, (1)
 
Weighted Average Effective Interest Rate at December 31, (2)
 
 
Interest Rate Type
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
Maturity Date
Fixed Rate
$
163,638

 
$
177,850

 
3.87
%
 
4.01
%
 
December 2021 - 
August 2051

(1) Principal balance does not include deferred financing costs of $2.9 million and $3.0 million as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.
(1) Weighted average effective rate includes private mortgage insurance.
Corporate Office
We are headquartered and have our corporate office in Irvine, California. We lease our corporate office from an unaffiliated third party.

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

Neither we nor any of our subsidiaries is a party to, and none of our respective property is the subject of, any material legal proceeding, although we are from time to time party to legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of our business.

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
Not applicable.


24

                        

PART II

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

Stockholder Information
Our common stock is listed on The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC and trades on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol “SBRA.” Set forth below for the fiscal quarters indicated are the reported high and low sales prices per share of our common stock on the NASDAQ Stock Market and the dividends paid per share of common stock.
 
 
Sales Price
 
Dividends
 
 
High
 
Low
 
Paid
2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
First Quarter
 
$
34.44

 
$
30.35

 
$
0.39

Second Quarter
 
$
33.94

 
$
25.14

 
$
0.39

Third Quarter
 
$
27.66

 
$
22.23

 
$
0.41

Fourth Quarter
 
$
24.06

 
$
18.16

 
$
0.41

2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
First Quarter
 
$
21.71

 
$
14.92

 
$
0.41

Second Quarter
 
$
23.55

 
$
18.80

 
$
0.42

Third Quarter
 
$
26.40

 
$
20.25

 
$
0.42

Fourth Quarter
 
$
25.17

 
$
19.30

 
$
0.42

At February 16, 2017, we had approximately 1,914 stockholders of record.
We did not repurchase any shares of our common stock during the quarter ended December 31, 2016.
On February 3, 2017, our board of directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.42 per share of common stock. The dividend will be paid on February 28, 2017 to stockholders of record as of February 15, 2017.
To maintain REIT status, we are required each year to distribute to stockholders at least 90% of our annual REIT taxable income after certain adjustments. All distributions will be made by us at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend on our financial position, results of operations, cash flows, capital requirements, debt covenants (which include limits on distributions by us), applicable law, and other factors as our board of directors deems relevant. For example, while the Senior Notes Indentures and our Credit Facility permit us to declare and pay any dividend or make any distribution that is necessary to maintain our REIT status, those distributions are subject to certain financial tests under the Senior Notes Indentures, and therefore, the amount of cash distributions we can make to our stockholders may be limited.
Distributions with respect to our common stock and preferred stock can be characterized for federal income tax purposes as taxable ordinary dividends, which may be non-qualified, long-term capital gain, or qualified, non-dividend distributions (return of capital) or a combination thereof. Following is the characterization of our annual cash dividends on common stock and preferred stock per share:
 
 
Year Ended December 31,
Common Stock
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
Non-qualified ordinary dividends
 
$
0.7027

 
$
0.9446

 
$
0.5206

Long-term capital gains
 

 
0.0171

 
0.0854

Non-dividend distributions
 
0.9673

 
0.6383

 
0.9040

 
 
$
1.6700

 
$
1.6000

 
$
1.5100

 
 
Year Ended December 31,
Preferred Stock
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
Non-qualified ordinary dividends
 
$
1.7813

 
$
1.7496

 
$
1.5303

Long-term capital gains
 

 
0.0317

 
0.2510

 
 
$
1.7813

 
$
1.7813

 
$
1.7813


25

                        

Stock Price Performance Graph
The following graph compares the cumulative total stockholder return of our common stock for the period from December 30, 2011 through December 31, 2016. The graph assumes that $100 was invested at the close of market on December 30, 2011 in (i) our common stock, (ii) the NASDAQ Composite Index and (iii) the SNL US Healthcare REIT Index and assumes the reinvestment of all dividends. Stock price performances shown in the graph are not necessarily indicative of future price performances.

a2016stockchart.jpg
The above performance graph shall not be deemed to be soliciting material or to be filed with the SEC under the Securities Act of 1933 or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 or incorporated by reference in any document as filed.


26

                        

ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

The following table sets forth our selected financial data and other data for our company on a historical basis. The following data should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto and Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations included elsewhere herein. Our historical operating results may not be comparable to our future operating results. The comparability of our selected financial data is significantly affected by our acquisitions and new investments from 2012 through 2016. See Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations”:
 
 
As of December 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
 
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Balance sheet data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total real estate investments, net
 
$
2,009,939

 
$
2,039,616

 
$
1,645,805

 
$
915,418

 
$
827,135

Loans receivable and other investments, net
 
$
96,036

 
$
300,177

 
$
251,583

 
$
185,293

 
$
12,017

Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
25,663

 
$
7,434

 
$
61,793

 
$
4,308

 
$
17,101

Total assets
 
$
2,265,919

 
$
2,468,837

 
$
2,046,165

 
$
1,162,298

 
$
883,234

Mortgage notes, net
 
$
160,752

 
$
174,846

 
$
121,401

 
$
139,103

 
$
150,226

Revolving credit facility
 
$
26,000

 
$
255,000

 
$
68,000

 
$
135,500

 
$
92,500

Term loans, net
 
$
335,673

 
$
264,229

 
$
200,000

 
$

 
$

Senior unsecured notes, net
 
$
688,246

 
$
685,704

 
$
683,167

 
$
405,302

 
$
323,327

Total liabilities
 
$
1,250,310

 
$
1,414,961

 
$
1,104,342

 
$
702,134

 
$
577,746

Total Sabra Health Care REIT, Inc. stockholders' equity
 
$
1,015,574

 
$
1,053,770

 
$
941,866

 
$
460,164

 
$
305,488

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
 
 
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)
Operating data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total revenues
 
$
260,526

 
$
238,864

 
$
183,518

 
$
134,780

 
$
103,170

Net income attributable to common stockholders
 
$
60,034

 
$
69,171

 
$
36,710

 
$
25,749

 
$
19,513

Net income attributable to common stockholders per share—basic
 
$
0.92

 
$
1.11

 
$
0.79

 
$
0.69

 
$
0.53

Net income attributable to common stockholders per share—diluted
 
$
0.92

 
$
1.11

 
$
0.78

 
$
0.68

 
$
0.52

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows provided by operations
 
$
176,739

 
$
121,101

 
$
85,337

 
$
62,099

 
$
56,252

Cash flows provided by (used) in investing activities
 
$
142,363

 
$
(489,226
)
 
$
(826,472
)
 
$
(297,509
)
 
$
(218,650
)
Cash flows (used in) provided by financing activities
 
$
(300,898
)
 
$
314,078

 
$
798,620

 
$
222,617

 
$
137,249

Dividends declared and paid per common share
 
$
1.67

 
$
1.60

 
$
1.51

 
$
1.36

 
$
1.32

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding, basic
 
65,284,251

 
62,235,014

 
46,351,544

 
37,514,637

 
37,061,111

Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding, diluted—net income and FFO attributable to common stockholders
 
65,520,672

 
62,460,239

 
46,889,531

 
38,071,926

 
37,321,517

Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding, diluted—AFFO attributable to common stockholders
 
65,904,435

 
62,659,935

 
47,147,722

 
38,364,727

 
37,829,421

FFO attributable to commons stockholders (1)
 
$
164,439

 
$
132,411

 
$
76,128

 
$
59,030

 
$
52,257

Diluted FFO attributable to common stockholders per common share(1)
 
$
2.51

 
$
2.12

 
$
1.62

 
$
1.55

 
$
1.40

AFFO attributable to commons stockholders (1)
 
$
161,465

 
$
133,913

 
$
77,223

 
$
57,942

 
$
60,287

Diluted AFFO attributable to common stockholders per common share (1)
 
$
2.45

 
$
2.14

 
$
1.64

 
$
1.51

 
$
1.59

(1) 
We believe that net income attributable to common stockholders as defined by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) is the most appropriate earnings measure. We also believe that funds from operations attributable to common stockholders (“FFO”), as defined in accordance with the definition used by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts (“NAREIT”), and adjusted funds from operations attributable to common stockholders (“AFFO”) (and related per share amounts) are important non-GAAP supplemental measures of our operating performance for a

27

                        

REIT. We consider FFO and AFFO to be useful measures for reviewing comparative operating and financial performance because, by excluding gains or losses from real estate dispositions, real estate depreciation and amortization, real estate impairment charges, and for AFFO, by excluding straight-line rental income adjustments, stock-based compensation expense, amortization of deferred financing costs, expensed acquisition pursuit costs, as well as other non-cash revenue and expense items (including provisions and write-offs related to straight-line rental income, provision for loan losses, changes in fair value of contingent consideration, amortization of debt premiums/discounts and non-cash interest income adjustments), FFO and AFFO can help investors compare our operating performance between periods or as compared to other companies. See further discussion of FFO and AFFO in Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Results of Operations—Funds from Operations and Adjusted Funds from Operations.”

28

                        

ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.
The discussion below contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including those which are discussed in the section titled “Risk Factors.” Also see “Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” preceding Part I.
The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the “Selected Financial Data” above and our accompanying consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto.
Our Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations is organized as follows:
Overview
Critical Accounting Policies
Recently Issued Accounting Standards Update
Results of Operations
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Concentration of Credit Risk
Skilled Nursing Facility Reimbursement Rates
Obligations and Commitments
Impact of Inflation
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
Quarterly Financial Data
Overview
We operate as a self-administered, self-managed REIT that, through our subsidiaries, owns and invests in real estate serving the healthcare industry.
Our primary business consists of acquiring, financing and owning real estate property to be leased to third party tenants in the healthcare sector using triple-net operating leases. We primarily generate revenues by leasing properties to tenants and operators throughout the United States and Canada.
Our investment portfolio is primarily comprised of skilled nursing/transitional care facilities, senior housing facilities, and an acute care hospital leased to third-party operators; senior housing facilities operated under third-party management agreements; debt investments; and preferred equity investments.
Our objectives are to grow our investment portfolio while diversifying our portfolio by tenant, asset class and geography within the healthcare sector. We plan to achieve these objectives primarily through making investments directly or indirectly in healthcare real estate. We may also achieve our objective of diversifying our portfolio by tenant and asset class through select asset sales and other arrangements with Genesis and other tenants. We have entered into memoranda of understanding with Genesis to market for sale 35 skilled nursing facilities and make certain other lease and corporate guarantee amendments for the remaining 43 facilities leased to Genesis. Upon completion of the sales, these asset sales and amendments will have the benefit of reducing our revenue concentration in Genesis and skilled nursing facilities, as well as strengthening our remaining Genesis-operated portfolio through the lease term extensions and guarantee enhancements; provided, however that there can be no assurances that we will successfully complete these sales on the terms or timing contemplated by the memoranda of understanding, or at all, in which event we may not achieve the anticipated benefits from such sales. Marketing of these 35 facilities is ongoing and is expected to be completed over the next several quarters.
Acquisitions and Investments
We made investments of $165.7 million during the year ended December 31, 2016. These investments consisted of: (i) $153.6 million of real estate investments; (ii) $0.9 million in real estate additions; (ii) $7.4 million of preferred equity investments; and (iii) $3.8 million of investments in loans receivable. The $153.6 million of real estate acquisitions includes one skilled nursing/transitional care facility and six senior housing facilities. See Note 3, “Recent Real Estate Acquisitions,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information regarding these acquisitions.

29

                        

Dispositions
During the year ended December 31, 2016, we completed the sale of four skilled nursing/transitional care facilities, one acute care hospital, and one parcel of land for aggregate consideration of $98.0 million after selling expenses of $2.7 million. The net carrying value of the assets and liabilities of these facilities, after the impairment loss of $29.8 million recognized in relation to the acute care hospital, was $104.1 million, resulting in an aggregate $6.1 million loss on sale.
Loan Receivable Repayments
During the year ended December 31, 2016, we received $216.0 million in loan receivable repayments including full repayment of $170.8 on our Forest Park - Dallas mortgage loan and Forest Park - Fort Worth construction loan.
Mortgage Debt Prepayments
During the year ended December 31, 2016, we prepaid a $10.7 million fixed rate mortgage note having an interest rate of 5.60%.
Credit Facility
On January 14, 2016, the Sabra Health Care Limited Partnership, a Delaware limited partnership (the "Operating Partnership"), of which Sabra is the sole general partner, and Sabra Canadian Holdings, LLC, also a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company (together, the “Borrowers”), entered into a third amended and restated unsecured credit facility (the “Credit Facility”). The Credit Facility includes a revolving credit facility (the “Revolving Credit Facility”) and U.S. dollar and Canadian dollar term loans (collectively, the “Term Loans”). The Revolving Credit Facility provides for a borrowing capacity of $500.0 million and, in addition, increased our U.S. dollar and Canadian dollar term loans to $245.0 million and CAD $125.0 million, respectively. Further, up to $125.0 million of the Revolving Credit Facility may be used for borrowings in certain foreign currencies. The Credit Facility also contains an accordion feature that can increase the total available borrowings to $1.25 billion, subject to terms and conditions.
Borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility bear interest on the outstanding principal amount at a rate equal to an applicable percentage plus, at the Operating Partnership’s option, either (a) LIBOR or (b) a base rate determined as the greater of (i) the federal funds rate plus 0.5%, (ii) the prime rate, and (iii) one-month LIBOR plus 1.0% (the “Base Rate”). The applicable percentage for borrowings will vary based on the Consolidated Leverage Ratio, as defined in the credit agreement, and will range from 1.80% to 2.40% per annum for LIBOR based borrowings and 0.80% to 1.40% per annum for borrowings at the Base Rate. In addition, the Operating Partnership is required to pay an unused fee to the lenders equal to 0.25% or 0.30% per annum, which is determined by usage under the Revolving Credit Facility.
The U.S. dollar term loan bears interest on the outstanding principal amount at a rate equal to an applicable percentage plus, at the Operating Partnership’s option, either (a) LIBOR or (b) the Base Rate. The applicable percentage for borrowings will vary based on the Consolidated Leverage Ratio, as defined in the credit agreement, and will range from 1.75% to 2.35% per annum for LIBOR based borrowings and 0.75% to 1.35% per annum for borrowings at the Base Rate. The Canadian dollar term loan bears interest on the outstanding principal amount at a rate equal to the Canadian Dollar Offer Rate (“CDOR”) plus 1.75% to 2.35% depending on the Consolidated Leverage Ratio. See "—Liquidity and Capital Resources" for further information.
On August 10, 2016, we entered into three interest rate swap agreements to fix the LIBOR portion of the interest rate for our $245.0 million U.S. dollar term loan at 0.90% and to fix the CDOR portion on CAD $35.0 million of our Canadian dollar term loan at 0.93%.
Critical Accounting Policies
Below is a discussion of the accounting policies that management considers critical in that they involve significant management judgments and assumptions, require estimates about matters that are inherently uncertain and because they are important for understanding and evaluating our reported financial results. These judgments affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and our disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting periods. With different estimates or assumptions, materially different amounts could be reported in our financial statements. Additionally, other companies may utilize different estimates that may impact the comparability of our results of operations to those of companies in similar businesses.



30

                        

Principles of Consolidation and Basis of Presentation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Sabra and our wholly owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. The consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with GAAP.
GAAP requires us to identify entities for which control is achieved through voting rights or other means and to determine which business enterprise is the primary beneficiary of variable interest entities (“VIEs”). A VIE is broadly defined as an entity with one or more of the following characteristics: (a) the total equity investment at risk is insufficient to finance the entity's activities without additional subordinated financial support; (b) as a group, the holders of the equity investment at risk lack (i) the ability to make decisions about the entity's activities through voting or similar rights, (ii) the obligation to absorb the expected losses of the entity, or (iii) the right to receive the expected residual returns of the entity; or (c) the equity investors have voting rights that are not proportional to their economic interests, and substantially all of the entity's activities either involve, or are conducted on behalf of, an investor that has disproportionately few voting rights. If we were determined to be the primary beneficiary of the VIE, we would consolidate investments in the VIE. We may change our original assessment of a VIE due to events such as modifications of contractual arrangements that affect the characteristics or adequacy of the entity's equity investments at risk and the disposal of all or a portion of an interest held by the primary beneficiary.
We identify the primary beneficiary of a VIE as the enterprise that has both: (i) the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the entity's economic performance; and (ii) the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits of the VIE that could be significant to the entity. We perform this analysis on an ongoing basis.
As of December 31, 2016, we determined that we were the primary beneficiary of two variable interest entities–a senior housing facility and an exchange accommodation titleholder variable interest entity–and we have consolidated the operations of these entities in the accompanying consolidated financial statements. As of December 31, 2016, we determined that the operations of these entities were not material to our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.
As it relates to investments in loans, in addition to our assessment of VIEs and whether we are the primary beneficiary of those VIEs, we evaluate the loan terms and other pertinent facts to determine if the loan investment should be accounted for as a loan or as a real estate joint venture. If an investment has the characteristics of a real estate joint venture, including if we participate in the majority of the borrower's expected residual profit, we would account for the investment as an investment in a real estate joint venture and not as a loan investment. Expected residual profit is defined as the amount of profit, whether called interest or another name, such as an equity kicker, above a reasonable amount of interest and fees expected to be earned by a lender. At December 31, 2016, none of our investments in loans are accounted for as real estate joint ventures.
As it relates to investments in joint ventures, we assess any limited partners' rights and their impact on the presumption of control of the limited partnership by any single partner. We reassess our determination of which entity controls the joint venture if: there is a change to the terms or in the exercisability of the rights of any partners, the sole general partner increases or decreases its ownership of limited partnership interests, or there is an increase or decrease in the number of outstanding limited partnership interests. We also apply this guidance to managing member interests in limited liability companies.

Real Estate Investments and Rental Revenue Recognition
Real Estate Acquisition Valuation
All assets acquired and liabilities assumed in an acquisition of real estate are measured at their acquisition date fair values. The acquisition value of land, building and improvements are included in real estate investments on the consolidated balance sheets. The acquisition value of tenant relationship and origination and absorption intangible assets are included in prepaid expenses, deferred financing costs and other assets in the consolidated balance sheets. Acquisition pursuit costs associated with business combinations are expensed as incurred and costs associated with asset acquisitions are capitalized. On October 1, 2016, we early adopted Accounting Standards Update 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805) ("ASU 2017-01"), which clarifies the definition of a business with the objective of adding guidance to assist entities with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as business acquisitions. (See Note 2, “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further information). As a result of early adopting ASU 2017-01, real estate acquisitions completed subsequent to October 1, 2016 did not meet the definition of a business combination and were deemed asset acquisitions; therefore we capitalized $0.3 million of acquisition pursuit costs associated with these acquisitions. Real estate acquisitions completed prior to October 1, 2016 were deemed to be business combinations and the related acquisition pursuit costs were expensed as incurred. Restructuring costs that do not meet the definition of a liability at the acquisition date are expensed in periods subsequent to the acquisition date. During the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, we acquired seven, 24, and 42 real estate properties, respectively, and expensed $1.2 million, $7.0 million

31

                        

and $3.1 million of acquisition pursuit costs, respectively, which amounts are included in general and administrative expense on the accompanying consolidated statements of income.
Estimates of the fair values of the tangible assets, identifiable intangibles and assumed liabilities require us to make significant assumptions to estimate market lease rates, property operating expenses, carrying costs during lease-up periods, discount rates, market absorption periods, and the number of years the property will be held for investment. We make our best estimate based on our evaluation of the specific characteristics of each tenant’s lease. The use of inappropriate assumptions would result in an incorrect valuation of our acquired tangible assets, identifiable intangibles and assumed liabilities, which would impact the amount of our net income.
Impairment of Real Estate Investments
We continually monitor events and changes in circumstances that could indicate that the carrying amounts of our real estate investments may not be recoverable or realized. When indicators of potential impairment suggest that the carrying value of real estate investments may not be recoverable, we assess the recoverability by estimating whether we will recover the carrying value of our real estate investments through its undiscounted future cash flows and the eventual disposition of the investment. In some instances, there may be various potential outcomes for an investment and its potential future cash flows. In these instances, the undiscounted future cash flows used to assess recoverability are probability-weighted based on our best estimates as of the date of evaluation. If, based on this analysis, we do not believe that we will be able to recover the carrying value of our real estate investments, we would record an impairment loss to the extent that the carrying value exceeds the estimated fair value of our real estate investments. During the year ended December 31, 2016, we recorded an impairment loss of $29.8 million related to our Forest Park - Frisco real estate investment. This facility was subsequently disposed of during the year ended December 31, 2016. We did not record any impairment losses on our real estate investments during the years ended December 31, 2015 or 2014.
Rental Revenue Recognition
We recognize rental revenue from tenants, including rental abatements, lease incentives and contractual fixed increases attributable to operating leases, on a straight-line basis over the term of the related leases when collectability is reasonably assured.
We make estimates of the collectability of our tenant receivables related to base rents, straight-line rent and other revenues. When we analyze accounts receivable and evaluate the adequacy of the allowance for doubtful accounts, we consider such things as historical bad debts, tenant creditworthiness, current economic trends, facility operating performance, lease structure, credit enhancements (including guarantees), current developments relevant to a tenant’s business specifically and to its business category generally, and changes in tenants’ payment patterns. Specifically for straight-line rent receivables, our assessment includes an estimation of the tenant's ability to fulfill its rental obligations over the remaining lease term. Our collectability estimates for straight-line rent receivables include an assessment at the individual or master lease level as well as at an overall portfolio level.
Loans Receivable and Interest Income
Loans Receivable
Loans receivable are recorded at amortized cost on our consolidated balance sheets. The amortized cost of a real estate loan receivable is the outstanding unpaid principal balance, net of unamortized costs and fees directly associated with the origination of the loan.
On a quarterly basis we evaluate the collectability of our loan portfolio, including related interest income receivable, and establish a reserve for loan losses. Our evaluation includes reviewing credit quality indicators such as payment status, changes affecting the underlying real estate collateral (for collateral dependent loans), changes affecting the operations of the facilities securing the loans, and national and regional economic factors. The reserve for loan losses is a valuation allowance that reflects management’s estimate of loan losses inherent in the loan portfolio as of the balance sheet date. The reserve is adjusted through “Provision for doubtful accounts and loan losses” on our consolidated statements of income and is decreased by charge-offs to specific loans when losses are confirmed. The reserve for loan losses includes an asset-specific component and a portfolio-based component.
An asset-specific reserve relates to reserves for losses on loans considered impaired and interest income receivable that is deemed uncollectible. We consider a loan to be impaired when, based upon current information and events, we believe that it is probable that we will be unable to collect all amounts due under the contractual terms of the loan agreement resulting from the borrower’s failure to repay contractual amounts due, the granting of a concession by us or our expectation that we will receive assets with fair values less than the carrying value of the loan in satisfaction of the loan. If a loan is considered to be impaired, a

32

                        

reserve is established when the carrying value of that loan is greater than the present value of payments expected to be received, the observable market prices for similar instruments, the estimated fair value of the collateral (for loans that are dependent on the collateral for repayment) or other amounts expected to be received in satisfaction of the loan. As of December 31, 2016, we considered three loan receivable investments with a principal balance of $17.4 million to be impaired and recorded a provision for loan losses of $3.1 million related to four loan receivable investments, one of which was partially repaid prior to December 31, 2016 through the foreclosure of the real estate asset.
A portfolio-based reserve covers the pool of loans that do not have asset-specific reserves. A provision for loan losses is recorded when available information as of each balance sheet date indicates that it is probable that a loss occurred in the pool of loans and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated, but we do not know which specific loans within the pool will ultimately result in losses. The required reserve balances for this pool of loans is derived based on estimated probabilities of default and estimated loss severities assuming a default occurs. As of December 31, 2016, our portfolio-based loan loss reserve totaled $0.4 million.
Interest Income
Interest income on our loans receivable is recognized on an accrual basis over the life of the investment using the interest method. Direct loan origination costs are amortized over the term of the loan as an adjustment to interest income. When concerns exist as to the ultimate collection of principal or interest due under a loan, the loan is placed on nonaccrual status and we will not recognize interest income until the cash is received, or the loan returns to accrual status. If we determine the collection of interest according to the contractual terms of the loan is probable, we will resume the accrual of interest. In instances where borrowers are in default under the terms of their loans, we may continue recognizing interest income provided that all amounts owed under the contractual terms of the loan, including accrued and unpaid interest, do not exceed the estimated fair value of the collateral, less costs to sell. As of December 31, 2016, four investments in loans receivable totaling $31.2 million were on nonaccrual status.
Preferred Equity Investments and Preferred Return
Preferred equity investments are accounted for at unreturned capital contributions, plus accrued and unpaid preferred returns. We recognize preferred return income on a monthly basis based on the outstanding investment including any previously accrued and unpaid return. As a preferred member of the joint venture, we are not entitled to share in the joint venture’s earnings or losses. Rather, we are entitled to receive a preferred return, which is deferred if the cash flow of the joint venture is insufficient to currently pay the accrued preferred return.
Income Taxes
We elected to be treated as a REIT with the filing of our U.S. federal income tax return for the taxable year beginning January 1, 2011. We believe that we have been organized and have operated, and we intend to continue to operate, in a manner to qualify as a REIT. To qualify as a REIT, we must meet certain organizational and operational requirements, including a requirement to distribute at least 90% of our annual REIT taxable income to stockholders (which is computed without regard to the dividends-paid deduction or net capital gains and which does not necessarily equal net income as calculated in accordance with GAAP). As a REIT, we generally will not be subject to U.S. federal income tax on income that we distribute as dividends to our stockholders. If we fail to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year, we will be subject to federal income tax on our taxable income at regular corporate income tax rates and generally will not be permitted to qualify for treatment as a REIT for federal income tax purposes for the four taxable years following the year during which qualification is lost, unless the IRS grants us relief under certain statutory provisions. Such an event could materially and adversely affect our net income and net cash available for distribution to stockholders. However, we believe that we are organized and operate in such a manner as to qualify for treatment as a REIT.
We evaluate our tax positions using a two-step approach: step one (recognition) occurs when a company concludes that a tax position, based solely on its technical merits, is more likely than not to be sustained upon examination and step two (measurement) is only addressed if step one has been satisfied (i.e., the position is more likely than not to be sustained). Under step two, the tax benefit is measured as the largest amount of benefit (determined on a cumulative probability basis) that is more likely than not to be realized upon ultimate settlement. We will recognize tax penalties relating to unrecognized tax benefits as additional tax expense.
Fair Value Measurements
Under GAAP, we are required to measure certain financial instruments at fair value on a recurring basis. In addition, we are required to measure other financial instruments and balances at fair value on a non-recurring basis (e.g., carrying value of impaired real estate loans receivable and long-lived assets). Fair value is defined as the price that would be received upon the

33

                        

sale of an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The GAAP fair value framework uses a three-tiered approach. Fair value measurements are classified and disclosed in one of the following three categories:
Level 1: unadjusted quoted prices in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for identical assets or liabilities;
Level 2: quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active, and model-derived valuations in which significant inputs and significant value drivers are observable in active markets; and
Level 3: prices or valuation techniques where little or no market data is available that requires inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable.
When available, we utilize quoted market prices from an independent third-party source to determine fair value and classify such items in Level 1 or Level 2. In instances where the market for a financial instrument is not active, regardless of the availability of a nonbinding quoted market price, observable inputs might not be relevant and could require us to make a significant adjustment to derive a fair value measurement. Additionally, in an inactive market, a market price quoted from an independent third party may rely more on models with inputs based on information available only to that independent third party. When we determine the market for a financial instrument owned by us to be illiquid or when market transactions for similar instruments do not appear orderly, we may use several valuation sources (including internal valuations, discounted cash flow analysis and quoted market prices) to establish a fair value. If more than one valuation source is used, we will assign weights to the various valuation sources. Additionally, when determining the fair value of liabilities in circumstances in which a quoted price in an active market for an identical liability is not available, we measure fair value using (i) a valuation technique that uses the quoted price of the identical liability when traded as an asset or quoted prices for similar liabilities or similar liabilities when traded as assets or (ii) another valuation technique that is consistent with the principles of fair value measurement, such as the income approach or the market approach.
Changes in assumptions or estimation methodologies can have a material effect on these estimated fair values. In this regard, the derived fair value estimates cannot be substantiated by comparison to independent markets and, in many cases, may not be realized in an immediate settlement of the instrument.
We consider the following factors to be indicators of an inactive market: (i) there are few recent transactions, (ii) price quotations are not based on current information, (iii) price quotations vary substantially either over time or among market makers (for example, some brokered markets), (iv) indexes that previously were highly correlated with the fair values of the asset or liability are demonstrably uncorrelated with recent indications of fair value for that asset or liability, (v) there is a significant increase in implied liquidity risk premiums, yields, or performance indicators (such as delinquency rates or loss severities) for observed transactions or quoted prices when compared with our estimate of expected cash flows, considering all available market data about credit and other nonperformance risk for the asset or liability, (vi) there is a wide bid-ask spread or significant increase in the bid-ask spread, (vii) there is a significant decline or absence of a market for new issuances (that is, a primary market) for the asset or liability or similar assets or liabilities, and (viii) little information is released publicly (for example, a principal-to-principal market).
We consider the following factors to be indicators of non-orderly transactions: (i) there was not adequate exposure to the market for a period before the measurement date to allow for marketing activities that are usual and customary for transactions involving such assets or liabilities under current market conditions, (ii) there was a usual and customary marketing period, but the seller marketed the asset or liability to a single market participant, (iii) the seller is in or near bankruptcy or receivership (that is, distressed), or the seller was required to sell to meet regulatory or legal requirements (that is, forced), and (iv) the transaction price is an outlier when compared with other recent transactions for the same or similar assets or liabilities.
Recently Issued Accounting Standards Update
See Note 2, “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies,” in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for information concerning recently issued accounting standards updates.

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Results of Operations
As of December 31, 2016, our investment portfolio consisted of 183 real estate properties held for investment (including two Managed Properties), 10 investments in loans receivable and 12 preferred equity investments. As of December 31, 2015, our investment portfolio consisted of 180 real estate properties held for investment (including two Managed Properties), 17 investments in loans receivable and 10 preferred equity investments. As of December 31, 2014, our investment portfolio consisted of 160 real estate properties held for investment (including one Managed Property), 14 investments in loans receivable and six preferred equity investments. In general, we expect that our income and expenses related to our portfolio will increase in future periods as a result of owning acquired investments for an entire period and the anticipated future acquisition of additional investments. The results of operations presented are not directly comparable due to ongoing acquisition activity.
Comparison of results of operations for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015 (dollars in thousands):
 
For the Year Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
Increase / (Decrease)
 
Percentage Difference
 
Variance due to Acquisitions, Originations and Dispositions (1)
 
Remaining Variance (2)
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rental income
$
225,275

 
$
209,851

 
$
15,424

 
7
 %
 
$
16,859

 
$
(1,435
)
Interest and other income
27,463

 
25,505

 
1,958

 
8
 %
 
2,968

 
(1,010
)
Resident fees and services
7,788

 
3,508

 
4,280

 
122
 %
 
4,660

 
(380
)
Expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
68,472

 
63,079

 
5,393

 
9
 %
 
5,046

 
347

Interest
64,873

 
59,218

 
5,655

 
10
 %
 

 
5,655

Operating expenses
5,703

 
2,576

 
3,127

 
121
 %
 
3,312

 
(185
)
General and administrative
19,918

 
23,865

 
(3,947
)
 
(17
)%
 
(5,826
)
 
1,879

Provision for doubtful accounts and loan losses
5,543

 
12,842

 
(7,299
)
 
(57
)%
 

 
(7,299
)
Impairment of real estate
29,811

 

 
29,811

 
NM

 
29,811

 

Other (expense) income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss on extinguishment of debt
(556
)
 

 
(556
)
 
NM

 

 
(556
)
Other income
10,677

 
2,260

 
8,417

 
NM

 

 
8,417

Net (loss) gain on sales of real estate
(6,122
)
 
(161
)
 
(5,961
)
 
NM

 
(5,961
)
 

(1) Represents the dollar amount increase (decrease) for the year ended December 31, 2016 compared to the year ended December 31, 2015 as a result of investments/dispositions made after January 1, 2015.
(2) Represents the dollar amount increase (decrease) for the year ended December 31, 2016 compared to the year ended December 31, 2015 that is not a direct result of investments/dispositions made after January 1, 2015.
Rental Income
During the year ended December 31, 2016, we recognized $225.3 million of rental income compared to $209.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2015. The $15.4 million increase in rental income is primarily due to an increase of $28.3 million from properties acquired after January 1, 2015, offset by a decrease of $11.4 million from properties disposed of after January 1, 2015. The remaining decrease of $1.5 million is primarily due to the transitioning of one senior housing facility to a new operator and the resulting modification of the lease. Amounts due under the terms of all of our lease agreements are subject to contractual increases, and contingent rental income may be derived from certain lease agreements. No material contingent rental income was derived during the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015.
Interest and Other Income
Interest and other income primarily consists of income earned on our loans receivable investments and preferred returns earned on our preferred equity investments. During the year ended December 31, 2016, we recognized $27.5 million of interest and other income compared to $25.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2015. The $2.0 million increase is primarily due to interest income recognized at the default rate and late fees related to our investments in the Forest Park - Fort Worth construction loan and the Forest Park - Dallas mortgage loan during the year ended December 31, 2016. Both loans were repaid during the year ended December 31, 2016.

35

                        

Resident Fees and Services
During the year ended December 31, 2016, we recognized $7.8 million of resident fees and services compared to $3.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2015. The increase of $4.3 million is due to the investment in one additional Managed Property in November 2015.
Depreciation and Amortization
During the year ended December 31, 2016, we incurred $68.5 million of depreciation and amortization expense compared to $63.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2015. The $5.4 million net increase in depreciation and amortization was primarily due to an increase of $9.7 million from properties acquired after January 1, 2015, partially offset by a decrease of $4.6 million from properties disposed of after January 1, 2015.
Interest Expense
We incur interest expense comprised of costs of borrowings plus the amortization of deferred financing costs related to our indebtedness. During the year ended December 31, 2016, we incurred $64.9 million of interest expense compared to $59.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2015. The $5.7 million net increase is primarily related to (i) a $3.0 million increase in interest expense related to our U.S. term loan as a result of increasing U.S. term loan borrowings from $200.0 million to $245.0 million, partially offset by a reduction in the interest rate from 3.03% to 2.85%, (ii) a $2.1 million increase in interest expense related to the Canadian term loan as a result of increasing Canadian term loan borrowings from CAD $90.0 million to CAD $125.0 million, partially offset by a reduction in the interest rate from 4.19% to 3.35%, and (iii) a $1.4 million increase in interest expense primarily due to the increased average balance outstanding on mortgage note borrowings. The increases are offset by a $0.8 million decrease in interest expense related to the borrowings outstanding on the Revolving Credit Facility. See Note 8, “Debt,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information regarding the Revolving Credit Facility and the Term Loans.
Operating Expenses
During the year ended December 31, 2016, we recognized $5.7 million of operating expenses compared to $2.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2015. The increase of $3.1 million is due to the investment in a Managed Property in November 2015.
General and Administrative Expenses
General and administrative expenses include compensation-related expenses as well as professional services, office costs and other costs associated with acquisition pursuit activities and asset management. During the year ended December 31, 2016, general and administrative expenses were $19.9 million compared to $23.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2015. The $3.9 million decrease is primarily related to a (i) a $5.8 million decrease in expensed acquisition pursuit costs from $7.0 million during the year ended December 31, 2015, which was primarily related to the acquisitions of the Canadian Portfolio and the NMS portfolio, to $1.2 million during the year ended December 31, 2016, and (ii) a $0.4 million decrease of facility operating expenses associated with transitioning two assets to new operators. The decreases are offset by a (x) $1.4 million increase in stock-based compensation, (y) $0.7 million increase in legal and professional fees due to the increased number of investments and a (z) $0.1 million increase in payroll related expenses due to the increased number of employees. The increase in stock-based compensation expense, from $6.1 million during the year ended December 31, 2015 to $7.5 million during the year ended December 31, 2016, is primarily related to the change in our stock price during the year ended December 31, 2016 (an increase of $4.19 per share) compared to the year ended December 31, 2015 (a decrease of $10.14 per share). We issued stock to employees who elected to receive annual bonuses in stock rather than in cash and therefore changes in our stock price will result in changes to our bonus expense.
On October 1, 2016, we early-adopted ASU 2017-01, which clarifies the definition of a business with the objective of adding guidance to assist entities with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as business acquisitions. Acquisition costs associated with asset acquisitions will be capitalized on a prospective basis and costs associated with business combinations will continue to be expensed. We expect expensed acquisition pursuit costs will fluctuate from period to period depending on acquisition activity and whether these acquisitions are considered business combinations. We also expect stock-based compensation expense to fluctuate from period to period depending upon changes in our stock price and estimates associated with performance-based compensation.
Provision for Doubtful Accounts and Loan Losses
During the year ended December 31, 2016, we recognized $5.5 million in provision for doubtful accounts. The $5.5 million provision is primarily due to a $3.5 million increase in reserves on straight-line rental income, $1.8 million related to an

36

                        

increase in loan loss reserves and $0.5 million reserve for other tenant-related receivables, offset by a $0.3 million recovery on previously reserved cash rents. During the year ended December 31, 2015, we recognized $12.8 million in provision for doubtful accounts. Of the $12.8 million provision, $8.2 million was due to reserves on rental income primarily related to our Forest Park - Frisco tenant. The remaining balance of $4.6 million related to loan loss reserves.
Impairment of Real Estate
During the year ended December 31, 2016, we recognized $29.8 million of impairment of real estate related to the sale of the Forest Park - Frisco hospital. See Note 5, "Dispositions," in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information. No impairment of real estate was recognized during the year ended December 31, 2015.
Loss on Extinguishment of Debt
During the year ended December 31, 2016, we recognized $0.6 million of loss on extinguishment of debt related to write-offs of deferred financing costs in connection with amending the Prior Revolving Credit Facility and Prior Canadian Term Loan (each as defined below). We did not recognize any loss on extinguishment of debt during the year ended December 31, 2015.
Other Income
During the year ended December 31, 2016, we recognized $10.7 million in other income. Of the $10.7 million of other income, $7.4 million relates to the lease termination fee related to a memorandum of understanding we entered into with Genesis regarding five Genesis facilities (of which three were owned as of December 31, 2016), $1.5 million of other income as a result of the net impact of adjusting the value of our contingent consideration arrangements related to the acquisition of a portfolio of real estate properties and two senior housing facilities, $0.8 million relates to an ineffectiveness gain related to our LIBOR interest rate swaps, $0.4 million relates to the lease termination fee related to the sale of one skilled nursing/transitional care facility and $0.3 million relates to gain on the sale of 48 skilled nursing beds. During the year ended December 31, 2015, we recognized $2.3 million in other income due to a $1.6 million adjustment to the fair value of our contingent consideration liability primarily related to one acquisition of real estate properties (see Note 4, “Real Estate Properties Held for Investment,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further details) and a $0.7 million gain upon consolidation of a variable interest entity.
Net Loss on Sales of Real Estate
During the year ended December 31, 2016, we recognized a net loss on the sales of real estate of $6.1 million, which consisted of a $9.0 million loss related to the disposition of two skilled nursing/transitional care facilities and the Forest Park - Frisco hospital, offset by a gain of $2.9 million due to the sale of two skilled nursing/transitional care facilities. During the year ended December 31, 2015, we recognized a net loss on the sales of real estate of $0.2 million made up of a $3.9 million loss related to the disposition of one skilled nursing facility, offset by a gain of $3.7 million related to the disposition of four skilled nursing facilities.

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Comparison of results of operations for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 (dollars in thousands): 
 
For the Year Ended December 31,