Form 10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

United States

Securities and Exchange Commission

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

Form 10-Q

(Mark One)

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2011, or

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from              to             

Commission file number 001-15451

 

 

LOGO

United Parcel Service, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   58-2480149

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

 

(IRS Employer

Identification No.)

55 Glenlake Parkway, NE Atlanta, Georgia   30328
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)   (Zip Code)

(404) 828-6000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

  

 

Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  þ    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  þ    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “accelerated filer”, “large accelerated filer”, and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. Check one: Large accelerated filer  þ Accelerated filer  ¨ Non-accelerated filer  ¨    (Do not check if a smaller reporting company) Smaller reporting company  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  þ

There were 244,207,270 Class A shares, and 736,581,782 Class B shares, with a par value of $0.01 per share, outstanding at July 28, 2011.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC.

QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTER ENDED JUNE 30, 2011

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

  
 

Cautionary Statement About Forward-Looking Statements

     1   

Item 1.

 

Financial Statements

     2   
 

Consolidated Balance Sheets

     2   
 

Statements of Consolidated Income

     3   
 

Statements of Consolidated Comprehensive Income

     3   
 

Statements of Consolidated Cash Flows

     4   
 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

     5   
 

Note 1—Basis of Presentation

     5   
 

Note 2—Recent Accounting Pronouncements

     5   
 

Note 3—Stock-Based Compensation

     5   
 

Note 4—Cash and Investments

     7   
 

Note 5—Property, Plant and Equipment

     11   
 

Note 6—Employee Benefit Plans

     11   
 

Note 7—Goodwill and Intangible Assets

     13   
 

Note 8—Debt and Financing Arrangements

     14   
 

Note 9—Legal Proceedings and Contingencies

     15   
 

Note 10—Shareowners’ Equity

     18   
 

Note 11—Segment Information

     21   
 

Note 12—Earnings Per Share

     23   
 

Note 13—Derivative Instruments and Risk Management

     23   
 

Note 14—Restructuring Costs and Related Expenses

     28   
 

Note 15—Income Taxes

     29   

Item 2.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     31   
 

Overview

     31   
 

Items Affecting Comparability

     32   
 

U.S. Domestic Package Operations

     33   
 

International Package Operations

     36   
 

Supply Chain & Freight Operations

     38   
 

Operating Expenses

     39   
 

Investment Income and Interest Expense

     42   
 

Income Tax Expense

     42   
 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

     43   
 

Net Cash from Operating Activities

     43   
 

Net Cash used in Investing Activities

     44   
 

Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities

     45   
 

Sources of Credit

     46   
 

Contingencies

     47   
 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

     51   

Item 3.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     52   

Item 4.

 

Controls and Procedures

     52   

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

  

Item 1.

 

Legal Proceedings

     53   

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

     53   

Item 2.

 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

     53   

Item 3.

 

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

     53   

Item 6.

 

Exhibits

     54   


Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Cautionary Statement About Forward-Looking Statements

This report includes certain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Statements in the future tense, and all statements accompanied by terms such as “believe,” “project,” “expect,” “estimate,” “assume,” “intend,” “anticipate,” “target,” “plan,” and variations thereof and similar terms are intended to be forward-looking statements. We intend that all forward-looking statements we make will be subject to safe harbor protection of the federal securities laws pursuant to Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

Our disclosure and analysis in this report, in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010 and in our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission contain some forward-looking statements regarding our intent, belief and current expectations about our strategic direction, prospects and future results. From time to time, we also provide forward-looking statements in other materials we release as well as oral forward-looking statements. Such statements give our current expectations or forecasts of future events; they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. Management believes that these forward-looking statements are reasonable as and when made. However, caution should be taken not to place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements because such statements speak only as of the date when made.

Forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from our historical experience and our present expectations or anticipated results. These risks and uncertainties are described in Part I, “Item 1A. Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010 and may also be described from time to time in our future reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. You should consider the limitations on, and risks associated with, forward-looking statements and not unduly rely on the accuracy of predictions contained in such forward-looking statements. We do not undertake any obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect events, circumstances, changes in expectations, or the occurrence of unanticipated events after the date of those statements.

 

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Table of Contents

Item 1. Financial Statements

UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

June 30, 2011 (unaudited) and December 31, 2010

(In millions)

 

     June 30,
2011
    December 31,
2010
 
ASSETS     

Current Assets:

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 4,691      $ 3,370   

Marketable securities

     946        711   

Accounts receivable, net

     5,602        5,627   

Finance receivables, net

     192        203   

Deferred income tax assets

     661        659   

Income tax receivable

     157        287   

Other current assets

     701        712   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Current Assets

     12,950        11,569   

Property, Plant and Equipment, Net

     17,489        17,387   

Goodwill

     2,101        2,081   

Intangible Assets, Net

     593        599   

Non-Current Finance Receivables, Net

     248        288   

Non-Current Investments and Restricted Cash

     304        458   

Other Non-Current Assets

     1,467        1,215   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Assets

   $ 35,152      $ 33,597   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREOWNERS’ EQUITY     

Current Liabilities:

    

Current maturities of long-term debt and commercial paper

   $ 1,374      $ 355   

Accounts payable

     2,078        1,974   

Accrued wages and withholdings

     1,688        1,505   

Self-insurance reserves

     768        725   

Other current liabilities

     1,710        1,343   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Current Liabilities

     7,618        5,902   

Long-Term Debt

     10,787        10,491   

Pension and Postretirement Benefit Obligations

     3,712        4,663   

Deferred Income Tax Liabilities

     2,175        1,870   

Self-Insurance Reserves

     1,808        1,809   

Other Non-Current Liabilities

     723        815   

Shareowners’ Equity:

    

Class A common stock (247 and 258 shares issued in 2011 and 2010)

     3        3   

Class B common stock (736 and 735 shares issued in 2011 and 2010)

     7        7   

Additional paid-in capital

     3        —     

Retained earnings

     14,218        14,164   

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (5,977     (6,195

Deferred compensation obligations

     86        103   

Less: Treasury stock (2 shares in 2011 and 2010)

     (86     (103
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Equity for Controlling Interests

     8,254        7,979   

Total Equity for Non-Controlling Interests

     75        68   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Shareowners’ Equity

     8,329        8,047   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Liabilities and Shareowners’ Equity

   $ 35,152      $ 33,597   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED INCOME

(In millions, except per share amounts)

(unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2011     2010     2011     2010  

Revenue

   $ 13,191      $ 12,204      $ 25,773      $ 23,932   

Operating Expenses:

        

Compensation and benefits

     6,683        6,515        13,291        13,054   

Repairs and maintenance

     317        281        632        555   

Depreciation and amortization

     443        449        884        900   

Purchased transportation

     1,762        1,613        3,410        3,114   

Fuel

     1,057        717        1,965        1,395   

Other occupancy

     225        216        486        478   

Other expenses

     1,006        1,011        1,981        1,992   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Operating Expenses

     11,493        10,802        22,649        21,488   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating Profit

     1,698        1,402        3,124        2,444   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other Income and (Expense):

        

Investment income (loss)

     9        (18     20        (22

Interest expense

     (83     (84     (168     (169
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Other Income and (Expense)

     (74     (102     (148     (191
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income Before Income Taxes

     1,624        1,300        2,976        2,253   

Income Tax Expense

     561        455        1,028        875   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net Income

   $ 1,063      $ 845      $ 1,948      $ 1,378   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic Earnings Per Share

   $ 1.08      $ 0.85      $ 1.97      $ 1.39   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted Earnings Per Share

   $ 1.07      $ 0.84      $ 1.95      $ 1.37   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(In millions)

(unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2011     2010     2011     2010  

Net income

   $ 1,063      $ 845      $ 1,948      $ 1,378   

Change in foreign currency translation adjustment

     7        (92     132        (220

Change in unrealized gain (loss) on marketable securities, net of tax

     (3     16        (7     35   

Change in unrealized gain (loss) on cash flow hedges, net of tax

     (5     (27     (68     12   

Change in unrecognized pension and postretirement benefit costs, net of tax

     76        41        161        83   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

   $ 1,138      $ 783      $ 2,166      $ 1,288   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOWS

(In millions)

(unaudited)

 

     Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2011     2010  

Cash Flows From Operating Activities:

    

Net income

   $ 1,948      $ 1,378   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash from operating activities:

    

Depreciation and amortization

     884        900   

Pension and postretirement benefit expense

     512        448   

Pension and postretirement benefit contributions

     (1,296     (812

Self-insurance reserves

     42        46   

Deferred taxes, credits and other

     208        35   

Stock compensation expense

     272        238   

Other losses

     91        128   

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effect of acquisitions:

    

Accounts receivable

     185        42   

Other current assets

     105        (18

Accounts payable

     (23     (1

Accrued wages and withholdings

     169        512   

Other current liabilities

     221        111   

Other operating activities

     (4     5   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash from operating activities

     3,314        3,012   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash Flows From Investing Activities:

    

Capital expenditures

     (951     (664

Proceeds from disposals of property, plant and equipment

     22        40   

Purchases of marketable securities

     (2,306     (1,024

Sales and maturities of marketable securities

     2,208        898   

Net decrease in finance receivables

     81        46   

Other investing activities

     (123     96   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (1,069     (608
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash Flows From Financing Activities:

    

Net change in short-term debt

     1,172        826   

Proceeds from long-term borrowings

     169        54   

Repayments of long-term borrowings

     (179     (219

Purchases of common stock

     (1,052     (443

Issuances of common stock

     163        106   

Dividends

     (1,007     (911

Other financing activities

     (237     (59
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in financing activities

     (971     (646
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effect Of Exchange Rate Changes On Cash And Cash Equivalents

     47        (48
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net Increase In Cash And Cash Equivalents

     1,321        1,710   

Cash And Cash Equivalents:

    

Beginning of period

     3,370        1,542   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

End of period

   $ 4,691      $ 3,252   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION

Principles of Consolidation

In our opinion, the accompanying interim, unaudited, consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. These consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) necessary to present fairly our financial position as of June 30, 2011, our results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, and cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010. The results reported in these consolidated financial statements should not be regarded as necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for the entire year. The interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010.

For interim consolidated financial statement purposes, we provide for accruals under our various employee benefit plans and self-insurance reserves for each three month period based on one quarter of the estimated annual expense.

Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The carrying amount of our cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, finance receivables and accounts payable approximate fair value as of June 30, 2011. The fair value of our investment securities is disclosed in Note 4, our short and long-term debt in Note 8 and our derivative instruments in Note 13.

Accounting Estimates

The preparation of the accompanying interim, unaudited, consolidated financial statements requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingencies at the date of the consolidated financial statements as well as the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Estimates have been prepared on the basis of the most current and best information and actual results could differ materially from those estimates.

NOTE 2. RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

Adoption of New Accounting Standards

There were no accounting standards adopted during the six months ended June 30, 2011 that had a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

Standards Issued But Not Yet Effective

Other new pronouncements issued but not effective until after June 30, 2011 are not expected to have a significant effect on our consolidated financial position or results of operations.

NOTE 3. STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION

We issue employee share-based awards under the UPS Incentive Compensation Plan, which permits the grant of nonqualified stock options, incentive stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock,

 

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Table of Contents

UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

performance shares, performance units and management incentive awards to eligible employees. The primary compensation programs offered under the UPS Incentive Compensation Plan include the UPS Management Incentive Awards Program, the UPS Long-Term Incentive Program and the UPS Long-Term Incentive Performance Award Program. We also maintain an employee stock purchase plan which allows eligible employees to purchase shares of UPS class A common stock at a discount. Additionally, our matching contributions to the primary employee defined contribution plan are made in shares of UPS class A common stock.

During the first quarter of 2011, we granted target restricted performance units (“RPUs”) under the UPS Long-Term Incentive Performance Award Program to eligible management. Of the total 2011 target award, 90% of the target award will be divided into three substantially equal tranches, one for each calendar year in the three-year award cycle from 2011 to 2013, using performance criteria targets established each year. For 2011, those targets consist of consolidated operating return on invested capital and growth in consolidated revenue. The remaining 10% of the total 2011 target award will be based upon our achievement of adjusted earnings per share for the year ending 2013 compared to a target established at the beginning of the award cycle.

The number of RPUs earned each year will be the target number adjusted for the percentage achievement of performance criteria targets for the year. The percentage of achievement used to determine the RPUs earned may be a percentage less than or more than 100% of the target RPUs for each tranche. Based on the date that the eligible management population and performance targets were approved for the 2011 performance tranches, we determined the award measurement date to be March 1, 2011; therefore the target RPUs grant was valued for stock compensation expense purposes using the closing New York Stock Exchange price of $72.35 on that date.

During the second quarter of 2011, we granted stock option and RPU awards to eligible management employees under the UPS Long-Term Incentive Program. Stock options are granted to a limited group of senior management, while the entire eligible population receives awards in the form of RPUs. Stock option and RPU awards will generally vest over a five year period with approximately 20% of the award vesting at each anniversary date of the grant (except in the case of death, disability, or retirement, whereby immediate vesting occurs). The options granted will expire ten years after the date of grant. In the second quarter of 2011, we granted 0.2 million stock options and 1.6 million RPUs at a grant price of $74.25. In the second quarter of 2010, we granted 0.2 million stock options and 1.8 million RPUs at a grant price of $67.18. The fair value of our employee stock options granted, as determined by the Black-Scholes valuation model, was $15.92 and $14.83 for 2011 and 2010, respectively, using the following assumptions:

 

     2011     2010  

Expected life (in years)

     7.5        7.5   

Risk-free interest rate

     2.90     3.30

Expected volatility

     24.26     23.59

Expected dividend yield

     2.77     2.70

Historically, awards granted under the Management Incentive Awards Program were normally granted during the fourth quarter of each year, while awards granted under the UPS Long-Term Incentive Program were granted during the second quarter of each year. The UPS Long-Term Incentive award granted in the second quarter of 2011 will be the last award made under that existing program. Prospectively, the compensation provided by the UPS Long-Term Incentive Program has been combined with the Management Incentive Awards Program, and we anticipate that the combined Management Incentive Awards grant will be made in the first quarter of 2012. The combined Management Incentive Awards Program will consist of cash and RPU awards, and the amount of the awards granted each year will be adjusted for the percentage of achievement of performance criteria targets. The Company’s actual performance compared with the performance criteria can

 

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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

result in an award grant that is less than or more than 100% of the target grant. The RPU awards will vest over a five year period, with approximately 20% of the award vesting at each anniversary date of the grant (except in the case of death, disability, or retirement, whereby immediate vesting occurs).

Compensation expense for share-based awards recognized in net income for the three months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 was $152 and $136 million pre-tax, respectively. Compensation expense for share-based awards recognized in net income for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 was $272 and $238 million pre-tax, respectively.

NOTE 4. CASH AND INVESTMENTS

The following is a summary of marketable securities classified as available-for-sale as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010 (in millions):

 

     Cost      Unrealized
Gains
     Unrealized
Losses
    Estimated
Fair Value
 

June 30, 2011

          

Current marketable securities:

          

U.S. government and agency debt securities

   $ 164       $ 1       $ —        $ 165   

Mortgage and asset-backed debt securities

     228         3         (1     230   

Corporate debt securities

     466         5         —          471   

U.S. state and local municipal debt securities

     17         —           —          17   

Other debt and equity securities

     63         —           —          63   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total marketable securities

   $ 938       $ 9       $ (1   $ 946   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 
     Cost      Unrealized
Gains
     Unrealized
Losses
    Estimated
Fair Value
 

December 31, 2010

          

Current marketable securities:

          

U.S. government and agency debt securities

   $ 207       $ 1       $ (2   $ 206   

Mortgage and asset-backed debt securities

     220         3         (1     222   

Corporate debt securities

     179         5         (1 )     183   

U.S. state and local municipal debt securities

     33         —           —          33   

Other debt and equity securities

     62         5         —          67   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Current marketable securities

     701         14         (4     711   

Non-current marketable securities:

          

Mortgage and asset-backed debt securities

     79         2         (2     79   

U.S. state and local municipal debt securities

     49         2         (6     45   

Common equity securities

     20         14         —          34   

Preferred equity securities

     16         1         (3     14   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-current marketable securities

     164         19         (11     172   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total marketable securities

   $ 865       $ 33       $ (15   $ 883   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Auction Rate Securities

During first quarter 2011, we sold all remaining investments in auction rate securities, which had been classified as non-current marketable securities as of December 31, 2010. We realized $12 million in gains on the sales of our auction rate securities, preferred equity securities and an S&P 500 index fund in the first quarter of 2011.

Investment Other-Than-Temporary Impairments

We have concluded that no other-than-temporary impairment losses existed as of June 30, 2011. In making this determination, we considered the financial condition and prospects of the issuers, the magnitude of the losses compared with the investments’ cost, the length of time the investments have been in an unrealized loss position, the probability that we will be unable to collect all amounts due according to the contractual terms of the securities, the credit rating of the securities and our ability and intent to hold these investments until the anticipated recovery in market value occurs.

During the second quarter of 2010, we recorded impairment losses on certain asset-backed auction rate securities. The impairment charge resulted from provisions that allow the issuers of the securities to subordinate our holdings to newly issued debt or to tender for the securities at less than their par value. These securities, which had a cost basis of $128 million, were written down to their fair value of $107 million as of June 30, 2010, as an other-than-temporary impairment. The $21 million total impairment charge during the second quarter was recorded in investment income (loss) on the statement of consolidated income.

Maturity Information

The amortized cost and estimated fair value of marketable securities at June 30, 2011, by contractual maturity, are shown below (in millions). Actual maturities may differ from contractual maturities because the issuers of the securities may have the right to prepay obligations without prepayment penalties.

 

     Cost      Estimated
Fair Value
 

Due in one year or less

   $ 331       $ 331   

Due after one year through three years

     225         228   

Due after three years through five years

     57         58   

Due after five years

     324         328   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     937         945   

Equity securities

     1         1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 938       $ 946   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Non-Current Investments and Restricted Cash

We had $286 million of restricted cash related to our self-insurance requirements, as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, which is reported in “Non-Current Investments and Restricted Cash” on the consolidated balance sheets.

At June 30, 2011 we held an $18 million investment in a variable life insurance policy to fund benefits for the UPS Excess Coordinating Benefit Plan. This investment is classified as “Non-Current Investments and Restricted Cash” in the consolidated balance sheets with the quarterly change in investment value recognized in the statements of consolidated income.

Fair Value Measurements

Marketable securities utilizing Level 1 inputs include active exchange-traded equity securities and equity index funds, and most U.S. Government debt securities, as these securities all have quoted prices in active markets. Marketable securities utilizing Level 2 inputs include non-auction rate asset-backed securities, corporate

 

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bonds and municipal bonds. These securities are valued using market corroborated pricing, matrix pricing or other models that utilize observable inputs such as yield curves.

We classified our auction rate securities portfolio as utilizing Level 3 inputs, as their valuation required substantial judgment and estimation of factors that were not observable in the market due to the lack of trading in the securities. These securities were valued as of December 31, 2010 considering several factors, including the credit quality of the securities, the rate of interest received since the failed auctions began, the yields of securities similar to the underlying auction rate securities and the input of broker-dealers in these securities.

We maintain holdings in certain investment partnerships that are measured at fair value utilizing Level 3 inputs (classified as “other investments” in the tables below, and as “Other Non-Current Assets” in the consolidated balance sheets). These partnership holdings do not have any quoted prices, nor can they be valued using inputs based on observable market data. These investments are valued internally using a discounted cash flow model based on each partnership’s financial statements and cash flow projections.

The following table presents information about our investments measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, and indicates the fair value hierarchy of the valuation techniques utilized to determine such fair value (in millions).

 

     Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical
Assets
(Level 1)
     Significant Other
Observable  Inputs
(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
     Balance as of
June  30,
2011
 

June 30, 2011

           

Marketable Securities:

           

U.S. government and agency debt securities

   $ 165       $ —         $ —         $ 165   

Mortgage and asset-backed debt securities

     —           230         —           230   

Corporate debt securities

     —           471         —           471   

U.S. state and local municipal debt securities

     —           17         —           17   

Other debt and equity securities

     5         58         —           63   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total marketable securities

     170         776         —           946   

Other investments

     18         —           240         258   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 188       $ 776       $ 240       $ 1,204   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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     Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical
Assets
(Level 1)
     Significant Other
Observable  Inputs
(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
     Balance as of
December  31,
2010
 

December 31, 2010

           

Marketable Securities:

           

U.S. government and agency debt securities

   $ 206       $ —         $ —         $ 206   

Mortgage and asset-backed debt securities

     —           222         79         301   

Corporate debt securities

     —           183         —           183   

U.S. state and local municipal debt securities

     —           33         45         78   

Other debt and equity securities

     41         60         14         115   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total marketable securities

     247         498         138         883   

Other investments

     —           —           267         267   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 247       $ 498       $ 405       $ 1,150   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following table presents the changes in the above Level 3 instruments measured on a recurring basis for the three months ended June 30, 2011 (in millions).

 

     Marketable
Securities
     Other
Investments
    Total  

Balance on April 1, 2011

   $ —         $ 254      $ 254   

Transfers into (out of) Level 3

     —           —          —     

Net realized and unrealized gains (losses):

       

Included in earnings (in investment income)

     —           (14     (14

Included in accumulated other comprehensive income (pre-tax)

     —           —          —     

Purchases

     —           —          —     

Sales

     —           —          —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance on June 30, 2011

   $ —         $ 240      $ 240   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

The following table presents the changes in the above Level 3 instruments measured on a recurring basis for the six months ended June 30, 2011 (in millions).

 

     Marketable
Securities
    Other
Investments
    Total  

Balance on January 1, 2011

   $ 138      $ 267      $ 405   

Transfers into (out of) Level 3

     —          —          —     

Net realized and unrealized gains (losses):

      

Included in earnings (in investment income)

     —          (27     (27

Included in accumulated other comprehensive income (pre-tax)

     —          —          —     

Purchases

     —          —          —     

Sales

     (138     —          (138
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance on June 30, 2011

   $ —        $ 240      $ 240   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

There were no transfers of investments between Level 1 and Level 2 during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010.

 

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NOTE 5. PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

Property, plant and equipment as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010 consist of the following (in millions):

 

     2011     2010  

Vehicles

   $ 5,516      $ 5,519   

Aircraft (including aircraft under capitalized leases)

     14,452        14,063   

Land

     1,094        1,081   

Buildings

     3,141        3,102   

Building and leasehold improvements

     2,911        2,860   

Plant equipment

     6,756        6,656   

Technology equipment

     1,573        1,552   

Equipment under operating leases

     110        122   

Construction-in-progress

     417        265   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     35,970        35,220   

Less: Accumulated depreciation and amortization

     (18,481     (17,833
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 17,489      $ 17,387   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

NOTE 6. EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS

Information about net periodic benefit cost for our pension and postretirement benefit plans is as follows for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 (in millions):

 

Three Months Ended June 30,    U.S. Pension Benefits     U.S. Postretirement
Medical Benefits
    International
Pension  Benefits
 
         2011             2010             2011             2010             2011             2010      

Net Periodic Cost:

            

Service cost

   $ 218      $ 180      $ 22      $ 21      $ 9      $ 6   

Interest cost

     327        299        52        54        10        9   

Expected return on assets

     (489     (399     (4     (6     (11     (8

Amortization of:

            

Transition obligation

     —          —          —          —          —          —     

Prior service cost

     43        43        2        1        —          —     

Actuarial (gain) loss

     71        20        5        4        1        —     

Settlements / curtailments

     —          —          —          —          —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net periodic benefit cost

   $ 170      $ 143      $ 77      $ 74      $ 9      $ 7   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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Six Months Ended June 30,    U.S. Pension Benefits     U.S. Postretirement
Medical Benefits
    International
Pension  Benefits
 
         2011             2010             2011             2010             2011             2010      

Net Periodic Cost:

            

Service cost

   $ 436      $ 361      $ 44      $ 43      $ 18      $ 12   

Interest cost

     654        599        104        107        20        17   

Expected return on assets

     (978     (799     (8     (11     (22     (17

Amortization of:

            

Transition obligation

     —          —          —          —          —          —     

Prior service cost

     86        86        4        2        —          —     

Actuarial (gain) loss

     142        39        10        8        2        1   

Settlements / curtailments

     —          —          —          —          —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net periodic benefit cost

   $ 340      $ 286      $ 154      $ 149      $ 18      $ 13   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

During the first six months of 2011, we contributed $1.231 billion and $65 million to our company-sponsored pension and postretirement medical benefit plans, respectively. Included in the contribution to the postretirement medical benefit plans is $12 million that UPS received during the first quarter under the Early Retiree Reinsurance Program authorized in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. Included in the contribution to the pension plans is a $1.2 billion accelerated contribution to the UPS IBT Pension Plan, which represented an acceleration of contributions that would have been required over the remainder of 2011 and approximately $440 million in contributions that would not have been required until after 2011. We also expect to contribute $24 and $51 million over the remainder of the year to the international pension and U.S. postretirement medical benefit plans, respectively.

As of December 31, 2010, we had approximately 250,000 employees employed under a national master agreement and various supplemental agreements with local unions affiliated with the International Brotherhood of Teamsters (“Teamsters”). These agreements run through July 31, 2013. We have approximately 2,800 pilots who are employed under a collective bargaining agreement with the Independent Pilots Association (“IPA”), which becomes amendable at the end of 2011. Our airline mechanics are covered by a collective bargaining agreement with Teamsters Local 2727, which became amendable in November 2006. We began formal negotiations with Teamsters Local 2727 in October 2006. In January 2011, we reached an agreement with Teamsters Local 2727 which was ratified by its members in April 2011. The agreement will run through November 1, 2013. In addition, the majority (approximately 3,300) of our ground mechanics who are not employed under agreements with the Teamsters are employed under collective bargaining agreements with the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers (“IAM”). Our agreement with the IAM runs through July 31, 2014.

We participate in a number of trustee-managed multi-employer pension and health and welfare plans for employees covered under collective bargaining agreements. Our current collective bargaining agreements set forth the annual contribution increases allotted to the plans that we participate in, and we are in compliance with these contribution rates. These limitations will remain in effect throughout the terms of the existing collective bargaining agreements.

 

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NOTE 7. GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS

The following table indicates the allocation of goodwill by reportable segment as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010 (in millions):

 

     U.S.  Domestic
Package
     International
Package
     Supply Chain  &
Freight
     Consolidated  

December 31, 2010 balance

   $ —         $ 377       $ 1,704       $ 2,081   

Acquired

     —           —           —           —     

Currency / Other

     —           6         14         20   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

June 30, 2011 balance

     —         $ 383       $ 1,718       $ 2,101   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The increase in goodwill in the International Package and Supply Chain & Freight segments was due to the impact of the weakening U.S. Dollar on the translation of non-U.S. Dollar goodwill balances. This was partially offset by the reversal of acquisition-related restructuring reserves and the related deferred tax impact in the Supply Chain and Freight segment.

The following is a summary of intangible assets as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010 (in millions):

 

     Gross  Carrying
Amount
     Accumulated
Amortization
    Net Carrying
Value
 

June 30, 2011:

       

Trademarks, licenses, patents, and other

   $ 200       $ (76   $ 124   

Customer lists

     100         (64     36   

Franchise rights

     109         (55     54   

Capitalized software

     1,958         (1,579     379   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Intangible Assets, Net

   $ 2,367       $ (1,774   $ 593   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

December 31, 2010:

       

Trademarks, licenses, patents, and other

   $ 187       $ (50   $ 137   

Customer lists

     99         (59     40   

Franchise rights

     109         (52     57   

Capitalized software

     1,927         (1,562     365   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Intangible Assets, Net

   $ 2,322       $ (1,723   $ 599   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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NOTE 8. DEBT AND FINANCING ARRANGEMENTS

The carrying value of our outstanding debt as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010 consists of the following (in millions):

 

     Maturity      2011     2010  

Commercial paper

     2011       $ 1,355      $ 341   

4.50% senior notes

     2013         1,812        1,815   

3.875% senior notes

     2014         1,062        1,061   

5.50% senior notes

     2018         811        795   

5.125% senior notes

     2019         1,051        1,032   

3.125% senior notes

     2021         1,523        1,464   

6.20% senior notes

     2038         1,480        1,480   

4.875% senior notes

     2040         488        488   

8.375% debentures

     2020-2030         756        737   

Floating rate senior notes

     2049-2053         380        386   

Facility notes and bonds

     2015-2036         320        320   

Pound Sterling notes

     2031-2050         795        764   

Capital lease obligations

     2025-2033         324        160   

Other debt

     2011-2012         4        3   
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total debt

        12,161        10,846   

Less current maturities

        (1,374     (355
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Long-term debt

      $ 10,787      $ 10,491   
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Capital Lease Obligations

During the first six months of 2011, we entered into three aircraft capital lease transactions, resulting in an increase in capital lease obligations of $156 million.

Sources of Credit

We are authorized to borrow up to $10.0 billion under the U.S. commercial paper program we maintain. We had $1.355 billion outstanding under this program as of June 30, 2011, with an average interest rate of 0.06%. As of June 30, 2011, we have classified the entire commercial paper balance as a current liability in our consolidated balance sheets. We also maintain a European commercial paper program under which we are authorized to borrow up to €1.0 billion in a variety of currencies, however there were no amounts outstanding under this program as of June 30, 2011.

We maintain two credit agreements with a consortium of banks. One of these agreements provides revolving credit facilities of $1.5 billion, and expires on April 12, 2012. Generally, amounts outstanding under this facility bear interest at a periodic fixed rate equal to LIBOR for the applicable interest period and currency denomination, plus an applicable margin. Alternatively, a fluctuating rate of interest equal to Citibank’s publicly announced base rate, plus an applicable margin, may be used at our discretion. In each case, the applicable margin for advances bearing interest based on LIBOR is a percentage determined by quotations from Markit Group Ltd. for our 1-year credit default swap spread, subject to a minimum rate of 0.15% and a maximum rate of 0.75%. The applicable margin for advances bearing interest based on the base rate is 1.00% below the applicable margin for LIBOR advances (but not lower than 0.00%). We are also able to request advances under this facility based on competitive bids for the applicable interest rate. There were no amounts outstanding under this facility as of June 30, 2011.

 

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The second agreement provides revolving credit facilities of $1.0 billion, and expires on April 14, 2015. Generally, amounts outstanding under this facility bear interest at a periodic fixed rate equal to LIBOR for the applicable interest period and currency denomination, plus an applicable margin. Alternatively, a fluctuating rate of interest equal to Citibank’s publicly announced base rate, plus an applicable margin, may be used at our discretion. In each case, the applicable margin for advances bearing interest based on LIBOR is a percentage determined by quotations from Markit Group Ltd. for our credit default swap spread, interpolated for a period from the date of determination of such credit default swap spread in connection with a new interest period until the latest maturity date of this facility then in effect (but not less than a period of one year). The applicable margin is subject to certain minimum rates and maximum rates based on our public debt ratings from Standard & Poor’s Rating Service (“S&P”) and Moody’s Investors Service (“Moody’s”). The minimum applicable margin rates range from 0.250% to 0.500%, and the maximum applicable margin rates range from 1.000% to 1.500%. The applicable margin for advances bearing interest based on the base rate is 1.00% below the applicable margin for LIBOR advances (but not less than 0.00%). We are also able to request advances under this facility based on competitive bids. There were no amounts outstanding under this facility as of June 30, 2011.

Debt Covenants

Our existing debt instruments and credit facilities do not have cross-default or ratings triggers, however these debt instruments and credit facilities do subject us to certain financial covenants. As of June 30, 2011 and for all prior periods, we have satisfied these financial covenants. These covenants limit the amount of secured indebtedness that we may incur, and limit the amount of attributable debt in sale-leaseback transactions, to 10% of net tangible assets. As of June 30, 2011, 10% of net tangible assets is equivalent to $2.484 billion, however we have no covered sale-leaseback transactions or secured indebtedness outstanding. Additionally, we are required to maintain a minimum net worth, as defined, of $5.0 billion on a quarterly basis. As of June 30, 2011, our net worth, as defined, was equivalent to $14.231 billion. We do not expect these covenants to have a material impact on our financial condition or liquidity.

Fair Value of Debt

Based on the borrowing rates currently available to the Company for long-term debt with similar terms and maturities, the fair value of long-term debt, including current maturities, is approximately $12.629 and $11.355 billion as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively.

NOTE 9. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS AND CONTINGENCIES

We are involved in a number of judicial proceedings and other matters arising from the conduct of our business activities.

Although there can be no assurance as to the ultimate outcome, we have generally denied, or believe we have a meritorious defense and will deny, liability in all litigation pending against us, including the matters described below, and we intend to defend vigorously each case. We have accrued for legal claims when, and to the extent that, amounts associated with the claims become probable and can be reasonably estimated. The actual costs of resolving legal claims may be substantially higher or lower than the amounts accrued for those claims.

For those matters as to which we are not able to estimate a possible loss or range of loss, we are not able to determine whether the loss will have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations or liquidity. For matters in this category, we have indicated in the descriptions that follow the reasons that we are unable to estimate the possible loss or range of loss.

 

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Judicial Proceedings

We are a defendant in a number of lawsuits filed in state and federal courts containing various class action allegations under state wage-and-hour laws. In one of these cases, Marlo v. UPS, which was certified as a class action in a California federal court in September 2004, plaintiffs allege that they improperly were denied overtime, and seek penalties for missed meal and rest periods, and interest and attorneys’ fees. Plaintiffs purport to represent a class of 1,300 full-time supervisors. In August 2005, the court granted summary judgment in favor of UPS on all claims, and plaintiffs appealed the ruling. In October 2007, the appeals court reversed the lower court’s ruling. In April 2008, the court decertified the class and plaintiffs appealed. After decertification of the class, plaintiffs filed 56 individual lawsuits raising the same allegations as in the underlying class action. As of June 30, 2011, 53 of the original 56 lawsuits have been favorably resolved by dismissal, summary judgment granted to us or trial defense verdict. Two cases resulted in a plaintiff’s verdict for an immaterial amount, and one case remains pending. Of the 56 original lawsuits, plaintiffs have filed appeals in 7 of those cases. Accordingly, at this time, we do not believe that any loss associated with these matters, would have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.

UPS and our subsidiary Mail Boxes Etc., Inc., (“MBE”) are defendants in two lawsuits about the rebranding or purchase of The UPS Store franchises—Morgate and Samica. We prevailed at the trial court level in both cases, which are now on appeal. Morgate was filed in March 2003. The plaintiffs are 125 individual franchisees who did not rebrand and a certified class of all franchisees who did rebrand to The UPS Store. A bellwether trial for three individual plaintiffs was set for early 2010, but the trial court entered judgment against one of the three plaintiffs prior to trial. The trial court also granted our motion for summary judgment against the members of the certified class. The remainder of the case has been stayed pending appeal. Samica was filed in March 2006. The plaintiffs are 250 individual The UPS Store franchisees who either elected to rebrand or purchased new The UPS Store franchises. Summary judgment was granted in UPS’s favor against all plaintiffs and has been appealed. There are multiple factors that prevent us from being able to estimate the amount of loss, if any, that may result from these matters including: (1) three separate components of these cases are being appealed to federal and state courts following decisions favorable to UPS and we cannot predict the outcomes of these appeals; and (2) it remains uncertain what evidence of damages, if any, plaintiffs will be able to present if any aspects of these cases proceed forward. Accordingly, at this time, we are not able to estimate a possible loss or range of loss that may result from these matters or to determine whether such loss, if any, would have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.

In Barber Auto Sales v. UPS, which a federal court in Alabama certified as a class action in September 2009, the plaintiff asserts a breach of contract claim arising from UPS’s assessment of shipping charge corrections when UPS determines that the “dimensional weight” of packages is greater than reported by the shipper. On June 1, 2011, we reached an agreement in principle to settle the case for an immaterial amount. The settlement remains subject to definitive documentation and court approval.

In AFMS LLC v. UPS and FedEx Corporation, a lawsuit filed in federal court in the Central District of California in August 2010, the plaintiff asserts that UPS and FedEx violated U.S. antitrust law by conspiring to refuse to negotiate with third party negotiators retained by shippers and/or to monopolize a so-called market for shipping consultation services. The Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice (“DOJ”) has informed us that it has opened a civil investigation of our policies and practices for dealing with third party negotiators. We are cooperating with this investigation. We deny any liability with respect to these matters and intend to vigorously defend ourselves. There are multiple factors that prevent us from being able to estimate the amount of loss, if any, that may result from these matters including: (1) AFMS may amend its complaint to include new

 

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legal theories, the scope of possible AFMS’s claims is therefore unclear; (2) we believe that we have a number of meritorious legal defenses; (3) AFMS has not articulated any measure of damages; and (4) the DOJ investigation is at a very early stage. Accordingly, at this time, we are not able to estimate a possible loss or range of loss that may result from these matters or to determine whether such loss, if any, would have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.

Other Matters

In May and December 2007 and August 2008 we received and responded to grand jury subpoenas from the Department of Justice in the Northern District of California in connection with an investigation by the Drug Enforcement Administration. We also have responded to informal requests for information in connection with this investigation, which relates to transportation of packages on behalf of on-line pharmacies that may have operated illegally. We are cooperating with this investigation and intend to continue to vigorously defend ourselves. There are multiple factors that prevent us from being able to estimate the amount of loss, if any, that may result from this matter, including (1) we are vigorously defending ourselves and believe we have a number of meritorious legal defenses and (2) there are unresolved questions of law and fact that could be important to the ultimate resolution of this matter. Accordingly, at this time, we are not able to estimate a possible loss or range of loss that may result from this matter or to determine whether such loss, if any, would have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.

We received a grand jury subpoena from the Antitrust Division of the DOJ regarding the DOJ’s investigation into certain pricing practices in the freight forwarding industry in December 2007.

In October 2007, June 2008 and February 2009, we received information requests from the European Commission (“Commission”) relating to its investigation of certain pricing practices in the freight forwarding industry, and subsequently responded to each request. On February 9, 2010, UPS received a Statement of Objections by the Commission. This document contains the Commission’s preliminary view with respect to alleged anticompetitive behavior in the freight forwarding industry by 18 freight forwarders, including UPS. Although it alleges anticompetitive behavior, it does not prejudge the Commission’s final decision, as to facts or law (which is subject to appeal to the European courts). The options available to the Commission include taking no action or imposing a monetary fine; the range of any potential action by the Commission is not reasonably estimable. Any decision imposing a fine would be subject to appeal. UPS has responded to the Statement of Objections, including at a July 2010 Commission hearing, and we intend to continue to vigorously defend ourselves in this proceeding. We received an additional information request from the Commission in January 2011, and we have responded to that request.

In August 2010, competition authorities in Brazil opened an administrative proceeding to investigate alleged anticompetitive behavior in the freight forwarding industry. Approximately 45 freight forwarding companies and individuals are named in the proceeding, including UPS, UPS SCS Transportes (Brasil) S.A., and a former employee in Brazil. UPS will have an opportunity to respond to these allegations.

We also received and responded to related information requests from competition authorities in other jurisdictions.

We are cooperating with each of these investigations, and intend to continue to vigorously defend ourselves. There are multiple factors that prevent us from being able to estimate the amount of loss, if any, that may result from these matters including (1) we are vigorously defending each matter and believe that we have a number of meritorious legal defenses; (2) there are unresolved questions of law that could be of importance to the ultimate resolutions of these matters, including the calculation of any potential fine; and (3) there is uncertainty about the

 

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time period that is the subject of the investigations. Accordingly, at this time, we are not able to estimate a possible loss or range of loss that may result from these matters or to determine whether such loss, if any, would have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.

In January 2008, a class action complaint was filed in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York alleging price-fixing activities relating to the provision of freight forwarding services. UPS was not named in this case. On July 21, 2009, the plaintiffs filed a first amended complaint naming numerous global freight forwarders as defendants. UPS and UPS Supply Chain Solutions are among the 60 defendants named in the amended complaint. We intend to vigorously defend ourselves in this case. There are multiple factors that prevent us from being able to estimate the amount of loss, if any, that may result from these matters including: (1) the magistrate judge recommended that the district court grant our motion to dismiss, with leave to amend, and the scope of the plaintiffs’ claims is therefore unclear; (2) the scope and size of the proposed class is ill-defined; (3) there are significant legal questions about the adequacy and standing of the putative class representatives; and (4) we believe that we have a number of meritorious legal defenses. Accordingly, at this time, we are not able to estimate a possible loss or range of loss that may result from these matters or to determine whether such loss, if any, would have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.

We are a defendant in various other lawsuits that arose in the normal course of business. We do not believe that the eventual resolution of these other lawsuits (either individually or in the aggregate), including any reasonably possible losses in excess of current accruals, will have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.

NOTE 10. SHAREOWNERS’ EQUITY

Capital Stock, Additional Paid-In Capital and Retained Earnings

We maintain two classes of common stock, which are distinguished from each other primarily by their respective voting rights. Class A shares are entitled to 10 votes per share, whereas Class B shares are entitled to one vote per share. Class A shares are primarily held by UPS employees and retirees, and these shares are fully convertible into Class B shares at any time. Class B shares are publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) under the symbol “UPS”. Class A and B shares both have a $0.01 par value, and as of June 30, 2011, there were 4.6 billion Class A shares and 5.6 billion Class B shares authorized to be issued. Additionally, there are 200 million preferred shares, with a $0.01 par value, authorized to be issued; as of June 30, 2011, no preferred shares had been issued.

 

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The following is a roll-forward of our common stock, additional paid-in capital, and retained earnings accounts for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 (in millions, except per share amounts):

 

     2011     2010  
     Shares     Dollars     Shares     Dollars  

Class A Common Stock

        

Balance at beginning of period

     258      $ 3        285      $ 3   

Common stock purchases

     (4     —          (3     —     

Stock award plans

     2        —          2        —     

Common stock issuances

     2        —          2        —     

Conversions of Class A to Class B common stock

     (11     —          (17     —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Class A shares issued at end of period

     247      $ 3        269      $ 3   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Class B Common Stock

        

Balance at beginning of period

     735      $ 7        711      $ 7   

Common stock purchases

     (10     —          (4     —     

Conversions of Class A to Class B common stock

     11        —          17        —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Class B shares issued at end of period

     736      $ 7        724      $ 7   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Additional Paid-In Capital

        

Balance at beginning of period

     $ —          $ 2   

Stock award plans

       236          206   

Common stock purchases

       (209       (318

Common stock issuances

       126          115   

Option premiums paid

       (150       —     
    

 

 

     

 

 

 

Balance at end of period

     $ 3        $ 5   
    

 

 

     

 

 

 

Retained Earnings

        

Balance at beginning of period

     $ 14,164        $ 12,745   

Net income

       1,948          1,378   

Dividends ($1.04 and $0.94 per share)

       (1,048       (947

Common stock purchases

       (846       (109
    

 

 

     

 

 

 

Balance at end of period

     $ 14,218        $ 13,067   
    

 

 

     

 

 

 

From time to time, we enter into share repurchase programs with large financial institutions to assist in our buyback of company stock. These programs allow us to repurchase our shares at a price below the weighted average UPS share price for a given period. During the second quarter of 2011, we entered into an accelerated share repurchase program, which allowed us to repurchase $300 million of shares (4.1 million shares). The program was completed in June 2011.

In total, we repurchased a total of 14.4 million shares of Class A and Class B common stock for $1.055 billion during the six months ended June 30, 2011, and 6.9 million shares for $427 million for the six months ended June 30, 2010. As of June 30, 2011, we had $4.140 billion of our share repurchase authorization remaining.

In 2011, we entered into several capped call option transactions for the purchase of UPS class B shares. As of June 30, 2011, we had paid premiums of $150 million on options for the purchase of 2.4 million shares that will settle in the third quarter 2011.

 

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Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

We experience activity in AOCI for unrealized holding gains and losses on available-for-sale securities, foreign currency translation adjustments, unrealized gains and losses from derivatives that qualify as hedges of cash flows, and unrecognized pension and postretirement benefit costs. The activity in AOCI for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 is as follows (in millions):

 

     2011     2010  

Foreign currency translation gain (loss):

    

Balance at beginning of period

   $ (68   $ 37   

Aggregate adjustment for the period (net of tax effect of $(9) and $(43))

     132        (220
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at end of period

     64        (183
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Unrealized gain (loss) on marketable securities, net of tax:

    

Balance at beginning of period

     12        (27

Current period changes in fair value (net of tax effect of $5, and $12)

     9        20   

Reclassification to earnings (net of tax effect of $(8) and $9)

     (16     15   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at end of period

     5        8   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Unrealized gain (loss) on cash flow hedges, net of tax:

    

Balance at beginning of period

     (239     (200

Current period changes in fair value (net of tax effect of $(50) and $15)

     (84     26   

Reclassification to earnings (net of tax effect of $9 and $(9))

     16        (14
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at end of period

     (307     (188
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Unrecognized pension and postretirement benefit costs, net of tax:

    

Balance at beginning of period

     (5,900     (4,937

Reclassification to earnings (net of tax effect of $91 and $53)

     153        83   

Adjustment for Early Retirement Reinsurance Program (net of tax effect of $4 and $0)

     8        —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at end of period

     (5,739     (4,854
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) at end of period

   $ (5,977   $ (5,217
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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Deferred Compensation Obligations and Treasury Stock

Activity in the deferred compensation program for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 is as follows (in millions):

 

     2011     2010  
     Shares     Dollars     Shares     Dollars  

Deferred Compensation Obligations

        

Balance at beginning of period

     $ 103        $ 108   

Reinvested dividends

       2          3   

Benefit payments

       (19       (10
    

 

 

     

 

 

 

Balance at end of period

     $ 86        $ 101   
    

 

 

     

 

 

 

Treasury Stock

        

Balance at beginning of period

     (2   $ (103     (2   $ (108

Reinvested dividends

     —          (2     —          (3

Benefit payments

     —          19        —          10   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at end of period

     (2   $ (86     (2   $ (101
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Noncontrolling Interests

We have noncontrolling interests in certain consolidated subsidiaries in our International Package and Supply Chain & Freight segments. The noncontrolling interests on our consolidated balance sheets primarily relate to a joint venture in Dubai that operates in the Middle East, Turkey, and portions of the Central Asia region, which was formed in the third quarter of 2009. The activity related to our noncontrolling interests is presented below for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 (in millions):

 

     2011      2010  

Noncontrolling Interests

     

Balance at beginning of period

   $ 68       $ 66   

Acquired noncontrolling interests

     7         —     

Dividends attributable to noncontrolling interests

     —           (1

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

     —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at end of period

   $ 75       $ 65   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

NOTE 11. SEGMENT INFORMATION

We report our operations in three segments: U.S. Domestic Package operations, International Package operations, and Supply Chain & Freight operations. Package operations represent our most significant business and are broken down into regional operations around the world. Regional operations managers are responsible for both domestic and export operations within their geographic area.

U.S. Domestic Package

Domestic Package operations include the time-definite delivery of letters, documents and packages throughout the United States.

 

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International Package

International Package operations include delivery to more than 220 countries and territories worldwide, including shipments wholly outside the United States, as well as shipments with either origin or distribution outside the United States. Our International Package reporting segment includes the operations of our Europe, Asia and Americas operating segments.

Supply Chain & Freight

Supply Chain & Freight includes our forwarding operations, logistics operations, UPS Freight, and other aggregated business units. Our forwarding and logistics business provides services in more than 195 countries and territories worldwide, and includes supply chain design and management, freight distribution, customs brokerage, mail and consulting services. UPS Freight offers a variety of less-than-truckload (“LTL”) and truckload (“TL”) services to customers in North America. Other aggregated business units within this segment include Mail Boxes Etc., Inc. (the franchisor of Mail Boxes Etc. and The UPS Store) and UPS Capital.

In evaluating financial performance, we focus on operating profit as a segment’s measure of profit or loss. Operating profit is before investment income, interest expense and income taxes. The accounting policies of the reportable segments are the same as those described in the summary of accounting policies included in the consolidated financial statements in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010, with certain expenses allocated between the segments using activity-based costing methods. Unallocated assets are comprised primarily of cash, marketable securities and investments in limited partnerships.

Segment information for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 is as follows (in millions):

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2011      2010      2011      2010  

Revenue:

           

U.S. Domestic Package

   $ 7,737       $ 7,269       $ 15,280       $ 14,371   

International Package

     3,139         2,771         6,039         5,410   

Supply Chain & Freight

     2,315         2,164         4,454         4,151   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Consolidated

   $ 13,191       $ 12,204       $ 25,773       $ 23,932   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating Profit:

           

U.S. Domestic Package

   $ 966       $ 748       $ 1,815       $ 1,310   

International Package

     497         521         943         948   

Supply Chain & Freight

     235         133         366         186   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Consolidated

   $ 1,698       $ 1,402       $ 3,124       $ 2,444   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

During the second quarter of 2011, operating profit was impacted by gains and losses on certain real estate transactions, including a $15 million loss in the U.S. Domestic Package segment and a $48 million gain in the Supply Chain & Freight segment. As discussed in Note 14, U.S. Domestic Package operating profit was adversely impacted by a $98 million restructuring charge in the first quarter of 2010, while Supply Chain & Freight operating profit for that quarter was negatively impacted by a $38 million loss on the sale of a specialized transportation business unit in Germany.

 

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NOTE 12. EARNINGS PER SHARE

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 (in millions, except per share amounts):

 

     Three Months Ended
June  30,
     Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2011      2010      2011      2010  

Numerator:

           

Net income attributable to common shareowners

   $ 1,063       $ 845       $ 1,948       $ 1,378   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Denominator:

           

Weighted average shares

     984         991         986         991   

Deferred compensation obligations

     2         2         2         2   

Vested portion of restricted shares

     2         1         2         1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Denominator for basic earnings per share

     988         994         990         994   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Effect of dilutive securities:

           

Restricted performance units

     3         3         3         3   

Restricted stock units

     6         6         6         6   

Stock option plans

     1         —           1         —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Denominator for diluted earnings per share

     998         1,003         1,000         1,003   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share

   $ 1.08       $ 0.85       $ 1.97       $ 1.39   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per share

   $ 1.07       $ 0.84       $ 1.95       $ 1.37   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per share for the three months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 exclude the effect of 2.5 and 9.8 million shares of common stock (3.7 and 12.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010), respectively, that may be issued upon the exercise of employee stock options because such effect would be antidilutive.

NOTE 13. DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS AND RISK MANAGEMENT

Risk Management Policies

We are exposed to market risk, primarily related to foreign exchange rates, commodity prices and interest rates. These exposures are actively monitored by management. To manage the volatility relating to certain of these exposures, we enter into a variety of derivative financial instruments. Our objective is to reduce, where it is deemed appropriate to do so, fluctuations in earnings and cash flows associated with changes in foreign currency rates, commodity prices and interest rates. It is our policy and practice to use derivative financial instruments only to the extent necessary to manage exposures. As we use price sensitive instruments to hedge a certain portion of our existing and anticipated transactions, we expect that any loss in value for those instruments generally would be offset by increases in the value of those hedged transactions. We do not hold or issue derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

Credit Risk Management

The forward contracts, swaps and options discussed below contain an element of risk that the counterparties may be unable to meet the terms of the agreements. However, we minimize such risk exposures for these

 

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instruments by limiting the counterparties to banks and financial institutions that meet established credit guidelines, and monitoring counterparty credit risk to prevent concentrations of credit risk with any single counterparty.

We have agreements with some of our counterparties containing early termination rights and bilateral collateral provisions, whereby security is required if market risk exposure exceeds a specified threshold amount or credit ratings fall below certain levels. As of June 30, 2011, we do not have any collateral received nor posted under these contractual provisions. The remaining counterparty agreements contain early termination rights but no bilateral collateral provisions.

We have not historically incurred, and do not expect to incur in the future, any losses as a result of counterparty default.

Accounting Policy for Derivative Instruments

We recognize all derivative instruments as assets or liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets at fair value. The accounting for changes in the fair value of a derivative instrument depends on whether it has been designated and qualifies as part of a hedging relationship and, further, on the type of hedging relationship. For those derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as hedging instruments, a company must designate the derivative, based upon the exposure being hedged, as a cash flow hedge, a fair value hedge or a hedge of a net investment in a foreign operation.

A cash flow hedge refers to hedging the exposure to variability in expected future cash flows that is attributable to a particular risk. For derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as a cash flow hedge, the effective portion of the gain or loss on the derivative instrument is reported as a component of AOCI, and reclassified into earnings in the same period during which the hedged transaction affects earnings. The remaining gain or loss on the derivative instrument in excess of the cumulative change in the present value of future cash flows of the hedged item, or hedge components excluded from the assessment of effectiveness, are recognized in the statements of consolidated income during the current period.

A fair value hedge refers to hedging the exposure to changes in the fair value of an existing asset or liability on the consolidated balance sheets that is attributable to a particular risk. For derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as a fair value hedge, the gain or loss on the derivative instrument is recognized in the statements of consolidated income during the current period, as well as the offsetting gain or loss on the hedged item.

A net investment hedge refers to the use of cross currency swaps, forward contracts or foreign currency denominated debt to hedge portions of our net investments in foreign operations. For hedges that meet the effectiveness requirements, the net gains or losses attributable to changes in spot exchange rates are recorded in the cumulative translation adjustment within other AOCI. The remainder of the change in value of such instruments is recorded in earnings.

Types of Hedges

Commodity Risk Management

Currently, the fuel surcharges that we apply to our domestic and international package and LTL services are the primary means of reducing the risk of adverse fuel price changes on our business. We periodically enter into option contracts on energy commodity products to manage the price risk associated with forecasted transactions

 

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involving refined fuels, principally jet-A, diesel and unleaded gasoline. The objective of the hedges is to reduce the variability of cash flows, due to changing fuel prices, associated with the forecasted transactions involving those products. We have designated and account for these contracts as cash flow hedges of the underlying forecasted transactions involving these fuel products and, therefore, the resulting gains and losses from these hedges are recognized as a component of fuel expense or revenue when the underlying transactions occur.

Foreign Currency Risk Management

To protect against the reduction in value of forecasted foreign currency cash flows from our international package business, we maintain a foreign currency cash flow hedging program. Our most significant foreign currency exposures relate to the Euro, the British Pound Sterling and the Canadian Dollar. We hedge portions of our forecasted revenue denominated in foreign currencies with option contracts. We have designated and account for these contracts as cash flow hedges of anticipated foreign currency denominated revenue and, therefore, the resulting gains and losses from these hedges are recognized as a component of international package revenue when the underlying sales transactions occur.

We also hedge portions of our anticipated cash settlements of intercompany transactions subject to foreign currency remeasurement using foreign currency forward contracts. We have designated and account for these contracts as cash flow hedges of forecasted foreign currency denominated transactions, and therefore the resulting gains and losses from these hedges are recognized as a component of other operating expense when the underlying transactions are subject to currency remeasurement.

We have foreign currency denominated debt obligations and capital lease obligations associated with our aircraft. For some of these debt obligations and leases, we hedge the foreign currency denominated contractual payments using cross-currency interest rate swaps, which effectively convert the foreign currency denominated contractual payments into U.S. Dollar denominated payments. We have designated and account for these swaps as cash flow hedges of the forecasted contractual payments and, therefore, the resulting gains and losses from these hedges are recognized in the statements of consolidated income when the currency remeasurement gains and losses on the underlying debt obligations and leases are incurred.

Interest Rate Risk Management

Our indebtedness under our various financing arrangements creates interest rate risk. We use a combination of derivative instruments, including interest rate swaps and cross-currency interest rate swaps, as part of our program to manage the fixed and floating interest rate mix of our total debt portfolio and related overall cost of borrowing. The notional amount, interest payment date and maturity date of the swaps match the terms of the associated debt being hedged. Interest rate swaps allow us to maintain a target range of floating rate debt within our capital structure.

We have designated and account for interest rate swaps that convert fixed rate interest payments into floating rate interest payments as hedges of the fair value of the associated debt instruments. Therefore, the gains and losses resulting from fair value adjustments to the interest rate swaps and fair value adjustments to the associated debt instruments are recorded to interest expense in the period in which the gains and losses occur. We have designated and account for interest rate swaps that convert floating rate interest payments into fixed rate interest payments as cash flow hedges of the forecasted payment obligations. The gains and losses resulting from fair value adjustments to the interest rate swaps are recorded to AOCI.

We periodically hedge the forecasted fixed-coupon interest payments associated with anticipated debt offerings, using forward starting interest rate swaps, interest rate locks or similar derivatives. These agreements

 

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effectively lock a portion of our interest rate exposure between the time the agreement is entered into and the date when the debt offering is completed, thereby mitigating the impact of interest rate changes on future interest expense. These derivatives are settled commensurate with the issuance of the debt, and any gain or loss upon settlement is amortized as an adjustment to the effective interest yield on the debt.

Outstanding Positions

As of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, the notional amounts of our outstanding derivative positions were as follows (in millions):

 

     June 30, 2011
Notional Value
     December 31, 2010
Notional Value
 

Currency Hedges:

     

Euro

   2,377       1,732   

British Pound Sterling

   £ 1,031       £ 871   

Canadian Dollar

   C$ 475       C$ 289   

Interest Rate Hedges:

     

Fixed to Floating Interest Rate Swaps

   $ 6,424       $ 6,000   

Floating to Fixed Interest Rate Swaps

   $ 48       $ 53   

As of June 30, 2011, we had no outstanding commodity hedge positions. The maximum term over which we are hedging exposures to the variability of cash flow is 39 years.

Balance Sheet Recognition and Fair Value Measurements

The following table indicates the location on the consolidated balance sheets in which our derivative assets and liabilities have been recognized, the fair value hierarchy level applicable to each derivative type, and the related fair values of those derivatives (in millions). The table is segregated between those derivative instruments that qualify and are designated as hedging instruments and those that are not, as well as by type of contract and whether the derivative is in an asset or liability position.

 

Asset Derivatives

  Balance Sheet Location   Fair Value
Hierarchy Level
    June 30, 2011
Fair Value
    December 31, 2010
Fair Value
 

Derivatives designated as hedges:

       

Foreign exchange contracts

  Other current assets     Level 2      $ 4      $ 36   

Foreign exchange contracts

  Other non-current assets     Level 2        37        —     

Interest rate contracts

  Other non-current assets     Level 2        273        182   
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Asset Derivatives

      $ 314      $ 218   
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Liability Derivatives

  Balance Sheet Location   Fair Value
Hierarchy  Level
    June 30, 2011
Fair Value
    December 31, 2010
Fair Value
 

Derivatives designated as hedges:

       

Foreign exchange contracts

  Other current liabilities     Level 2      $ (54   $ (9

Foreign exchange contracts

  Other non-current liabilities     Level 2        (112     (99

Interest rate contracts

  Other non-current liabilities     Level 2        (7     (29

Derivatives not designated as hedges:

       

Foreign exchange contracts

  Other current liabilities     Level 2        (5     (3

Interest rate contracts

  Other non-current liabilities     Level 2        (1     (1
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Liability Derivatives

      $ (179   $ (141
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Our foreign currency, interest rate and energy derivatives are largely comprised of over-the-counter derivatives, which are primarily valued using pricing models that rely on market observable inputs such as yield curves, currency exchange rates and commodity forward prices, and therefore are classified as Level 2.

Income Statement Recognition

The following table indicates the amount and location in the income statement for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 in which derivative gains and losses, as well as the related amounts reclassified from AOCI, have been recognized for those derivatives designated as cash flow hedges (in millions).

Three Months Ended June 30:

 

Derivative Instruments in Cash Flow
Hedging Relationships

  2011 Amount of
Gain (Loss)
Recognized in
OCI on
Derivative
(Effective
Portion)
    2010 Amount of
Gain (Loss)
Recognized in
OCI on
Derivative
(Effective
Portion)
    Location of Gain
(Loss)  Reclassified
from Accumulated
OCI into Income
(Effective Portion)
  2011 Amount of
Gain (Loss)
Reclassified from
Accumulated OCI
into Income
(Effective
Portion)
    2010 Amount of
Gain (Loss)
Reclassified from
Accumulated  OCI
into Income
(Effective
Portion)
 

Interest rate contracts

  $ (1   $ (2   Interest Expense   $ (5   $ (5

Foreign exchange contracts

    (21     (86   Interest Expense     (3     5   

Foreign exchange contracts

    (5     —        Other Operating
Expense
    —          —     

Foreign exchange contracts

    (31     102      Revenue     (42     58   

Commodity contracts

    9        —        Fuel Expense     9        —     
 

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  $ (49   $ 14        $ (41   $ 58   
 

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30:

 

Derivative Instruments in Cash Flow

Hedging Relationships

  2011 Amount of
Gain (Loss)
Recognized in
OCI on
Derivative
(Effective
Portion)
    2010 Amount of
Gain (Loss)
Recognized in
OCI on
Derivative
(Effective
Portion)
    Location of Gain
(Loss)  Reclassified
from Accumulated
OCI into Income
(Effective Portion)
  2011 Amount of
Gain (Loss)
Reclassified from
Accumulated  OCI
into Income
(Effective Portion)
    2010 Amount of
Gain (Loss)
Reclassified from
Accumulated  OCI
into Income
(Effective Portion)
 

Interest rate contracts

  $ (1   $ (1   Interest Expense   $ (10   $ (9

Foreign exchange contracts

    (3     (111   Interest Expense     31        (50

Foreign exchange contracts

    (5     —        Other Operating
Expense
    —          —     

Foreign exchange contracts

    (134     153      Revenue     (55     82   

Commodity contracts

    9        —        Fuel Expense     9        —     
 

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  $ (134   $ 41        $ (25   $ 23   
 

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

 

As of June 30, 2011, $132 million of pre-tax losses related to cash flow hedges that are currently deferred in AOCI are expected to be reclassified to income over the 12 month period ended June 30, 2012. The actual amounts that will be reclassified to income over the next 12 months will vary from this amount as a result of changes in market conditions.

The amount of ineffectiveness recognized in income on derivative instruments designated in cash flow hedging relationships was immaterial for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010.

 

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NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

The following table indicates the amount and location in the statements of consolidated income in which derivative gains and losses, as well as the associated gains and losses on the underlying exposure, have been recognized for those derivatives designated as fair value hedges for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 (in millions).

 

Derivative Instruments in Fair Value
Hedging Relationships

  Location of
Gain (Loss)
Recognized in
Income
  2011
Amount

of Gain
(Loss)

Recognized
in Income
    2010
Amount

of Gain
(Loss)

Recognized
in Income
    Hedged Items in
Fair Value
Hedging

Relationships
  Location
of Gain
(Loss)
Recognized

In Income
  2011
Amount of
Gain  (Loss)

Recognized
in Income
    2010
Amount

of Gain
(Loss)

Recognized
in Income
 

Three Months Ended June 30:

             

Interest rate contracts

  Interest
Expense
  $ 140      $ 131      Fixed-Rate
Debt and
Capital Leases
  Interest
Expense
  $ (140   $ (131

Six Months Ended June 30:

             

Interest rate contracts

  Interest
Expense
  $ 113      $ 172      Fixed-Rate
Debt and
Capital Leases
  Interest
Expense
  $ (113   $ (172

Additionally, we maintain some interest rate swap and foreign exchange forward contracts that are not designated as hedges. These interest rate swap contracts are intended to provide an economic hedge of a portfolio of interest bearing receivables, however the income statement impact of these hedges was not material for any period presented. These foreign exchange forward contracts are intended to provide an economic offset to foreign currency remeasurement risks for certain assets and liabilities in our consolidated balance sheets. The following is a summary of the amounts recorded in the statements of consolidated income related to fair value changes and settlements of these foreign currency forward contracts not designated as hedges (in millions):

 

Derivative Instruments in Fair Value

Hedging Relationships

   Location of Gain (Loss)
Recognized in Income
   2011 Amount of
Gain  (Loss)

Recognized
in Income
    2010 Amount of
Gain  (Loss)

Recognized
in Income
 

Three Months Ended June 30:

       

Foreign Exchange Contracts

   Other Operating Expenses    $ (3   $ 7   

Six Months Ended June 30:

       

Foreign Exchange Contracts

   Other Operating Expenses    $ (13   $ 25   

NOTE 14. RESTRUCTURING COSTS AND RELATED EXPENSES

In the first quarter of 2010, we incurred restructuring costs associated with the termination of employees, facility consolidations and other costs directly related to restructuring initiatives. These initiatives have resulted from the rationalization of acquired companies, as well as restructuring activities associated with cost containment and operational efficiency programs.

Supply Chain & Freight—Germany

In February 2010, we completed the sale of a specialized transportation and express freight business in Germany within our Supply Chain & Freight segment. As part of the sale transaction, we incurred certain costs associated with employee severance payments, other employee benefits, transition services, and leases on operating facilities and equipment. Additionally, we have provided a guarantee for a period of two years for

 

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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

certain employee benefit payments being assumed by the buyer. We recorded a pre-tax loss of $38 million ($35 million after-tax) for this transaction in the first quarter of 2010, which included the costs associated with the sale transaction and the fair value of the guarantee.

U.S. Domestic Package Restructuring

In an effort to improve performance in the U.S. Domestic Package segment, we announced a program to streamline our domestic management structure in January 2010. As part of this restructuring, we reduced the number of domestic districts and regions in our U.S. small package operation, in order to better align our operations geographically and allow more local decision-making and resources to be deployed for our customers. Effective in April 2010, we reduced our U.S. regions from five to three and our U.S. districts from 46 to 20. The restructuring eliminated approximately 1,800 management and administrative positions in the U.S. Approximately 1,100 employees were offered voluntary severance packages, while other impacted employees received severance benefits and access to support programs based on length of service. We recorded a pre-tax charge of $98 million ($64 million after-tax) in the first quarter of 2010 related to the costs of this program, which reflected the value of voluntary retirement benefits, severance benefits and unvested stock compensation. In 2010, we incurred additional costs related to relocation of employees and other restructuring activities, however those costs were offset by savings from the staffing reductions.

NOTE 15. INCOME TAXES

In the first quarter of 2010, we changed the tax status of a German subsidiary that was taxable in the U.S. and its local jurisdiction to one that is taxed solely in its local jurisdiction. This change was made primarily to allow for more flexibility in funding this subsidiary’s operations with local liquidity sources, improve the cash flow position in the U.S., and help mitigate future currency re-measurement risk. As a result of this change in tax status, we recorded a non-cash charge of $76 million, which resulted primarily from the write-off of related deferred tax assets which will not be realizable following the change in tax status.

We file income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction, most U.S. state and local jurisdictions, and many non-U.S. jurisdictions. We have substantially resolved all U.S. federal income tax matters for tax years prior to 2003. During the fourth quarter of 2010, we received a refund of $139 million as a result of the resolution of tax years 2003 through 2004 with the IRS Appeals Office. We have filed all required U.S. state and local returns reporting the result of the resolution of the U.S. federal income tax audit of the tax years 2003 and 2004. A limited number of U.S. state and local matters are the subject of ongoing audits, administrative appeals or litigation.

A number of years may elapse before an uncertain tax position is audited and ultimately settled. It is difficult to predict the ultimate outcome or the timing of resolution for uncertain tax positions. It is reasonably possible that the amount of unrecognized tax benefits could significantly increase or decrease within the next twelve months. Items that may cause changes to unrecognized tax benefits include the timing of interest deductions and the allocation of income and expense between tax jurisdictions. These changes could result from the settlement of ongoing litigation, the completion of ongoing examinations, the expiration of the statute of limitations, or other unforeseen circumstances. At this time, an estimate of the range of the reasonably possible change cannot be made.

In June 2011, we received IRS reports covering income taxes and excise taxes for tax years 2005 through 2007 and 2003 through 2007, respectively. The reports propose assessments related to amounts paid for software, research credit expenditures, and deductibility of financing and post-acquisition integration costs as well as taxes

 

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NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

on amounts paid for air transportation. Receipt of the reports represents only the conclusion of the examination process. We disagree with the proposed assessments related to these matters. Therefore, we have filed protests and protective tax refund claims. There are multiple factors that prevent us from being able to estimate the amount of loss, if any, that may result from these matters including: (1) we are vigorously defending these matters and believe that we have a number of meritorious legal defenses; (2) we have filed refund claims in excess of the proposed assessments; (3) there are unresolved questions of law and fact that could be of importance to the ultimate resolutions of these matters, including the calculation of any additional taxes and/or tax refunds; (4) the IRS has yet to respond to our protest of the issues contained in the reports and (5) these matters are at the initial stage of a multi-level administrative appeals process that may ultimately be resolved by litigation. Accordingly, at this time, we are not able to estimate a possible loss or range of loss that may result from these matters or to determine whether such loss, if any, would have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.

 

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Overview

The U.S. economy continued to slow in the second quarter of 2011, which put pressure on volume and revenue growth in our U.S. Domestic Package segment. Slower growth in industrial production has resulted in weakness in manufacturing, though continued growth in retail sales has resulted in solid business-to-consumer shipment growth.

Outside of the U.S., overall economic growth, along with growth in international trade and industrial production, favorably impacted volume and revenue growth in our International Package segment. These trends allowed us to leverage our international transportation network, and provided for strong international package volume and revenue growth in the second quarter of 2011.

We have continued to undertake initiatives to improve yield management, increase operational efficiency and contain costs, which has led to significant improvements in operating margin and profit in our U.S. Domestic Package and Supply Chain & Freight segments. During 2010, we opened the second phase of our Worldport expansion which has allowed the use of larger and more fuel-efficient aircraft, and further improved network efficiencies. We also streamlined our U.S. domestic management structure, sold a non-core supply chain business, and continued to better align our cost structure with current volume levels.

In our International Package segment, we have continued to invest to support our growth initiatives. In 2010, we opened our new intra-Asia air hub in Shenzhen, China, which has allowed us to better serve our customers by reducing time in transit for shipments in the region. We have also continued to optimize our aircraft network, to leverage the new route authority we have gained in Asia over the last several years, and to take full advantage of the faster growing trade lanes in the world. In addition, we increased the capacity of our Asia-origin network by adding a direct flight between Hong Kong and Cologne, Germany, and recently announced a daily flight connecting Chengdu, China to Cologne.

Volatile fuel prices have continued to impact both revenue and expense in all three of our segments. Rising fuel prices have led to higher fuel surcharge rates and increased fuel and purchased transportation costs.

Our consolidated results are presented in the table below:

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Change     Six Months Ended
June 30,
    Change  
     2011     2010     %     2011     2010     %  

Revenue (in millions)

   $ 13,191      $ 12,204        8.1   $ 25,773      $ 23,932        7.7

Operating Expenses (in millions)

     11,493        10,802        6.4     22,649        21,488        5.4
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Operating Profit (in millions)

   $ 1,698      $ 1,402        21.1   $ 3,124      $ 2,444        27.8

Operating Margin

     12.9     11.5       12.1     10.2  

Average Daily Package Volume (in thousands)

     14,946        14,802        1.0     14,951        14,863        0.6

Average Revenue Per Piece

   $ 11.21      $ 10.47        7.1   $ 10.99      $ 10.35        6.2

Net Income (in millions)

   $ 1,063      $ 845        25.8   $ 1,948      $ 1,378        41.4

Basic Earnings Per Share

   $ 1.08      $ 0.85        27.1   $ 1.97      $ 1.39        41.7

Diluted Earnings Per Share

   $ 1.07      $ 0.84        27.4   $ 1.95      $ 1.37        42.3

 

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MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Items Affecting Comparability

The year-over-year comparisons of our financial results were affected by the following items (amounts in millions):

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2011     2010      2011     2010  

Operating Expenses:

         

Restructuring charge

     —          —           —          98   

Loss on sale of business

     —          —           —          38   

Net gain on real estate transactions

     (33     —           (33     —     

Income Tax Expense:

         

Income Tax Expense (Benefit) from the Items Above

     13        —           13        (37

Change in tax filing status for German subsidiary

     —          —           —          76   

Restructuring Charge

In the first quarter of 2010, we began to reorganize the management structure in our U.S. Domestic Package segment, and incurred a restructuring charge associated with this reorganization. This pre-tax charge totaled $98 million ($64 million after-tax), and reflects the value of voluntary retirement benefits, severance benefits and unvested stock compensation.

Loss on Sale of Business

In the first quarter of 2010, we sold a specialized transportation business in Germany within our Supply Chain & Freight segment, and incurred a pre-tax loss on the sale of $38 million ($35 million after-tax).

Net Gain on Real Estate Transactions

In the second quarter of 2011, we recognized a pre-tax loss from certain real estate transactions within our U.S. Domestic Package segment of $15 million ($11 million after-tax) and a pre-tax gain within our Supply Chain & Freight segment of $48 million ($31 million after-tax).

Income Tax Charge for the Change in Tax Filing Status for German Subsidiary

In the first quarter of 2010, we changed the tax status of a German subsidiary that was taxable in the U.S. and its local jurisdiction to one that is solely taxed in its local jurisdiction. As a result of this change in tax status, we recorded a non-cash charge of $76 million to income tax expense, which resulted primarily from the write-off of related deferred tax assets which will not be realizable following the change in tax status.

Results of Operations—Segment Review

The results and discussions that follow are reflective of how our executive management monitors the performance of our reporting segments. We supplement the reporting of our financial information determined under generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) with certain non-GAAP financial measures, including operating profit, operating margin, pre-tax income, effective tax rate, net income and earnings per share adjusted for the non-comparable items discussed previously. We believe that these adjusted measures provide meaningful information to assist investors and analysts in understanding our financial results and assessing our prospects for

 

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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

future performance. We believe these adjusted financial measures are important indicators of our results of operations because they exclude items that may not be indicative of, or are unrelated to, our core operating results, and provide a better baseline for analyzing trends in our underlying businesses.

Certain operating expenses are allocated between our reporting segments based on activity-based costing models. These activity-based costing methods require us to make estimates that impact the amount of each expense category that is attributed to each segment. Changes in these estimates will directly impact the amount of expense allocated to each segment, and therefore the operating profit of each reporting segment. There were no significant changes in our expense allocation methodology during 2011 or 2010.

U.S. Domestic Package Operations

 

     Three Months Ended
June  30,
    Change     Six Months Ended
June 30,
    Change  
     2011     2010     %     2011     2010     %  

Average Daily Package Volume (in thousands):

            

Next Day Air

     1,172        1,180        (0.7 )%      1,164        1,163        0.1

Deferred

     851        845        0.7     873        872        0.1

Ground

     10,604        10,593        0.1     10,611        10,637        (0.2 )% 
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total Avg. Daily Package Volume

     12,627        12,618        0.1     12,648        12,672        (0.2 )% 

Average Revenue Per Piece:

            

Next Day Air

   $ 20.82      $ 19.37        7.5   $ 20.52      $ 19.26        6.5

Deferred

     14.03        12.91        8.7     13.58        12.57        8.0

Ground

     7.97        7.53        5.8     7.88        7.50        5.1

Total Avg. Revenue Per Piece

   $ 9.57      $ 9.00        6.3   $ 9.44      $ 8.93        5.7

Operating Days in Period

     64        64          128        127     

Revenue (in millions):

            

Next Day Air

   $ 1,562      $ 1,463        6.8   $ 3,057      $ 2,845        7.5

Deferred

     764        698        9.5     1,517        1,392        9.0

Ground

     5,411        5,108        5.9     10,706        10,134        5.6
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total Revenue

   $ 7,737      $ 7,269        6.4   $ 15,280      $ 14,371        6.3

Operating Expenses (in millions)

   $ 6,771      $ 6,521        3.8   $ 13,465      $ 13,061        3.1

Operating Profit (in millions):

            

Operating Profit

   $ 966      $ 748        29.1   $ 1,815      $ 1,310        38.5

Impact of Restructuring Charge

     —          —            —          98     

Impact of Loss on Real Estate Transactions

     15        —            15        —       
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Adjusted Operating Profit

   $ 981      $ 748        31.1   $ 1,830      $ 1,408        30.0

Operating Margin

     12.5     10.3       11.9     9.1  

Adjusted Operating Margin

     12.7     10.3       12.0     9.8  

 

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MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Revenue

The change in overall revenue was impacted by the following factors for the second quarter and year-to-date periods of 2011 compared with the corresponding periods of 2010:

 

     Volume     Rates /
Product Mix
    Fuel
Surcharge
    Total
Revenue
Change
 

Net Revenue Change Drivers:

        

Second quarter 2011 vs 2010

     0.1     2.8     3.5     6.4

Year-to-date 2011 vs 2010

     0.6     3.2     2.5     6.3

Volume

Our overall volume was flat in the second quarter of 2011 compared with the same period in 2010, largely due to the slowing U.S. economy.

Among our air products, letter volume declined largely due to weakness in the financial and other service industries. However, we experienced a 3% increase in air package volume, as a result of retail sales growth, with particular growth in our Next Day Air Saver product. Additionally, our newly-introduced SurePost product, which targets low-cost, non-urgent ground residential deliveries, experienced solid growth during the quarter.

Rates and Product Mix

Overall revenue per piece increased for our ground and air products during the second quarter of 2011 due to a combination of base price increases and fuel surcharge rate changes, which are discussed further below. The overall revenue per piece increase was also positively affected by our focus on higher-yielding customer segments and revenue management initiatives. In addition, the revenue per piece increase for our air products was positively impacted by the overall mix shift from letters to packages.

Revenue per piece for our ground and air products was also impacted by an increase in base rates that took effect on January 3, 2011. We increased the base rates 6.9% on UPS Next Day Air, UPS 2nd Day Air, and UPS 3 Day Select, and 5.9% on UPS Ground, while reducing our fuel surcharge indexes (discussed further below). Other pricing changes included an increase in the residential surcharge, and an increase in the delivery area surcharge on both residential and commercial services to certain ZIP codes. These rate changes are customary and occur on an annual basis.

Fuel Surcharges

UPS applies a fuel surcharge on our domestic air and ground services. The air fuel surcharge is based on the U.S. Department of Energy’s (“DOE”) Gulf Coast spot price for a gallon of kerosene-type jet fuel, while the ground fuel surcharge is based on the DOE’s On-Highway Diesel Fuel price. Based on published rates, the average fuel surcharge for domestic air and ground products was as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended
June  30,
    Change     Six Months Ended
June  30,
    Change  
     2011     2010     % Point     2011     2010     % Point  

Next Day Air / Deferred

     14.7     8.5     6.2     12.4     7.8     4.6

Ground

     8.5     5.5     3.0     7.2     5.3     1.9

 

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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

On January 3, 2011, in connection with our base rate increase, we modified the fuel surcharge on air and ground services by reducing the index used to determine the fuel surcharge by 2% and 1%, respectively. The 2011 increase in the air and ground fuel surcharges was due to the significant increase in jet and diesel fuel prices, but partially offset by the reduction in the index on the air and ground surcharges. Total domestic fuel surcharge revenue increased by $251 million in second quarter of 2011 ($360 million year-to-date), primarily due to the higher fuel surcharge rates discussed above.

Operating Expenses

Overall adjusted operating expenses for the segment (excluding the 2011 loss on real estate transactions and 2010 restructuring charge) increased $235 million for the second quarter ($487 million year-to-date), while the total adjusted cost per piece increased 3.5% for the second quarter (3.1% year-to-date). The largest component of this increase relates to the cost of operating our domestic integrated air and ground network, which increased $163 million for the second quarter ($274 million year-to-date) due largely to higher fuel costs, as well as an increase in aircraft repair and maintenance expenses and higher rates passed to us from outside transportation carriers, primarily railroads. Pickup and delivery costs increased $99 million for the quarter ($179 million year-to-date), primarily as a result of higher fuel prices and a 3.1% union contractual driver wage increase. These increases were partially offset by a decline in non-operating costs, which declined $16 million for the second quarter of 2011 compared with the same period of 2010. The decline in non-operating costs was primarily due to our 2010 restructuring of our domestic operations, which resulted in lower management payroll expense from workforce reductions. Year-to-date 2011 non-operating costs increased $34 million, largely due to higher pension costs and the reinstatement of matching contributions to our primary employee defined contribution savings plan.

Cost increases have been contained due to network efficiencies that we have achieved, as we adjust our air and ground networks to better match volume levels, and utilize our expanded Worldport facility to operate larger aircraft as well as increase package sorting efficiency. These network efficiency improvements resulted in a 2% reduction in direct labor hours, and a 1% reduction in miles driven, in the second quarter of 2011 compared with the same period of 2010. Improved delivery densities as a result of improved planning and technology, particularly for our residential products, have also contained increases in cost.

Operating Profit and Margin

Higher operating profit during the second quarter and year-to-date periods was driven by the increased network efficiencies combined with strong improvements in revenue per piece.

 

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International Package Operations

 

     Three Months Ended
June  30,
    Change     Six Months Ended
June 30,
    Change  
         2011             2010         %     2011     2010     %  

Average Daily Package Volume (in thousands):

            

Domestic

     1,403        1,337        4.9     1,398        1,350        3.6

Export

     916        847        8.1     905        841        7.6
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total Avg. Daily Package Volume

     2,319        2,184        6.2     2,303        2,191        5.1

Average Revenue Per Piece:

            

Domestic

   $ 7.48      $ 6.56        14.0   $ 7.27      $ 6.68        8.8

Export

     39.51        38.46        2.7     38.39        37.61        2.1

Total Avg. Revenue Per Piece

   $ 20.13      $ 18.93        6.3   $ 19.50      $ 18.55        5.1

Operating Days in Period

     64        64          128        127     

Revenue (in millions):

            

Domestic

   $ 672      $ 561        19.8   $ 1,301      $ 1,145        13.6

Export

     2,316        2,085        11.1     4,447        4,017        10.7

Cargo

     151        125        20.8     291        248        17.3
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total Revenue

   $ 3,139      $ 2,771        13.3   $ 6,039      $ 5,410        11.6

Operating Expenses (in millions)

   $ 2,642      $ 2,250        17.4   $ 5,096      $ 4,462        14.2

Operating Profit (in millions)

   $ 497      $ 521        (4.6 )%    $ 943      $ 948        (0.5 )% 

Operating Margin

     15.8     18.8       15.6     17.5  

Currency Translation Benefit / (Cost)—(in millions)*:

         $            $   
      

 

 

       

 

 

 

Revenue

       $ 61          $ 43   

Operating Profit

       $ (55       $ (82

 

* Net of currency hedging; amount represents the change compared to the prior year.

Revenue

The change in overall revenue was impacted by the following factors for the second quarter and year-to-date periods of 2011 compared with the corresponding periods of 2010:

 

     Volume     Rates /
Product Mix
    Fuel
Surcharge
    Currency     Total
Revenue
Change
 

Net Revenue Change Drivers:

          

Second quarter 2011 vs 2010

     6.2     (0.3 )%      5.2     2.2     13.3

Year-to-date 2011 vs 2010

     5.9     1.0     3.9     0.8     11.6

Volume

Export volume increased in the second quarter of 2011 compared to the same period in 2010, primarily due to strong growth in key markets in Europe and the Americas. Our transborder products experienced strong growth, particularly in key countries within Europe. Our premium Worldwide Express and Worldwide Expedited products experienced solid volume growth as well, particularly in the Asia-to-Europe, Europe-to-Americas and Europe-to-Asia export trade lanes. Export volume from China continued to show strong growth, increasing 8% in the second quarter of 2011 compared to the same period in 2010.

 

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In Asia, we expanded our air network during the first quarter of 2011 by adding flights from Hong Kong to Cologne and new routes from Japan, as well as increasing our capacity to serve the South Korea to U.S. trade lane by adding a flight to and from Incheon. Our total Asia export capacity has increased 40% since the beginning of 2010. In the Americas, we expanded our air capacity more than 50% on 19 weekly flights into key markets in Central and South America during the second quarter.

Domestic volume increased primarily due to strong growth in Canada and Germany resulting from solid operational performance in those countries. Volume in Canada was also favorably impacted by the postal workers strike, which resulted in some package volume diversion to UPS. Additionally, we experienced solid growth in a number of other key markets, including France and Turkey.

Rates and Product Mix

Total average revenue per piece increased 4.0% for the second quarter (4.3% year-to-date) on a currency-adjusted basis. Export revenue per piece increased, largely due to a combination of higher fuel surcharge rates and base rate increases, which are discussed further below. Currency-adjusted export revenue per piece increased 2.5% for both the second quarter and year-to-date. Product mix adversely impacted export revenue per piece, due to strong growth among our lower-yielding Transborder and Trade Direct products. Domestic revenue per piece increased 3.7% on a currency-adjusted basis for second quarter (3.6% year-to-date), largely due to comparatively faster growth in our premium express products.

On January 3, 2011, we increased the base rates 6.9% for international shipments originating in the United States (Worldwide Express, Worldwide Express Plus, UPS Worldwide Expedited and UPS International Standard service), while reducing fuel surcharge indexes. Rate changes for shipments originating outside the U.S. are made throughout the year and vary by geographic market.

Fuel Surcharges

On January 3, 2011, in connection with our base rate increases, we modified the fuel surcharge on certain U.S.-related international air services by reducing the index used to determine the fuel surcharge by 2%. The fuel surcharges for products originating outside the United States continue to be indexed to fuel prices in the international region where the shipment takes place. Total international fuel surcharge revenue increased by $144 million for the second quarter of 2011 ($212 million year-to-date), due to higher fuel surcharge rates caused by increased fuel prices as well as an increase in international air volume.

Operating Expenses

Overall operating expenses for the segment increased $392 million for the second quarter ($634 million year-to-date). The impact of foreign currency exchange rate changes resulted in an adverse impact on operating expense comparisons between the second quarter of 2011 and the same period of 2010 of $116 million ($125 million year-to-date).

Excluding the impact of currency exchange rate changes, the total cost per piece for the segment increased 5.2% for the second quarter (4.9% year-to-date). The largest component of this increase (excluding the impact of currency) relates to the cost of operating our international integrated air and ground network, which increased $238 million for the second quarter ($402 million year-to-date) due largely to higher fuel costs and increased block hours, as well as an increase in aircraft repair and maintenance expenses. Pick-up and delivery costs increased $38 million for the second quarter ($83 million year-to-date), primarily as a result of higher fuel prices and increased package volume.

 

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Operating Profit and Margin

The decline in operating profit and margin for the second quarter of 2011 compared with the same period of 2010 was primarily the result of the adverse impact of fuel prices and currency exchange rate movements. Fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates resulted in an adverse impact on operating profit comparisons between the second quarter of 2011 and the same period of 2010 of $55 million ($82 million year-to-date), which was primarily driven by the combination of currency hedging losses in 2011 and hedging gains in 2010. The increased costs of the air network also negatively impacted operating profit and margin, as several new flights were added during the quarter. The adverse impacts of fuel, currency, and the costs associated with new flight segments were somewhat offset by volume and revenue per piece increases in all major regions of the world.

Supply Chain & Freight Operations

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Change     Six Months Ended
June 30,
    Change  
         2011             2010         %     2011     2010     %  

Freight LTL Statistics:

            

Revenue (in millions)

   $ 592      $ 502        17.9   $ 1,138      $ 949        19.9

Revenue Per Hundredweight

   $ 20.91      $ 18.81        11.2   $ 20.73      $ 18.87        9.9

Shipments (in thousands)

     2,660        2,503        6.3     5,186        4,800        8.0

Shipments Per Day (in thousands)

     41.6        39.1        6.3     40.5        37.8        7.1

Gross Weight Hauled (in millions of lbs)

     2,833        2,667        6.2     5,489        5,029        9.1

Weight Per Shipment (in lbs)

     1,065        1,065        0.0     1,059        1,048        1.0

Operating Days in Period

     64        64          128        127     

Revenue (in millions):

            

Forwarding and Logistics

   $ 1,539      $ 1,498        2.7   $ 2,968      $ 2,889        2.7

Freight

     660        555        18.9     1,264        1,047        20.7

Other

     116        111        4.5     222        215        3.3
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total Revenue

   $ 2,315      $ 2,164        7.0   $ 4,454      $ 4,151        7.3

Operating Expenses (in millions)

   $ 2,080      $ 2,031        2.4   $ 4,088      $ 3,965        3.1

Operating Profit (in millions):

            

Operating Profit

   $ 235      $ 133        76.7   $ 366      $ 186        96.8

Impact of Gain on Real Estate Transactions

     (48     —            (48     —       

Impact of Loss on Sale Business

     —          —            —          38     
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Adjusted Operating Profit

   $ 187      $ 133        40.6   $ 318      $ 224        42.0

Operating Margin

     10.2     6.1       8.2     4.5  

Adjusted Operating Margin

     8.1     6.1       7.1     5.4  

Currency Translation Benefit / (Cost) – (in millions)*:

                      
      

 

 

       

 

 

 

Revenue

       $ 66          $ 86   

Operating Profit

         4            4   

 

* Net of currency hedging; amount represents the change compared to the prior year.

 

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Revenue

Forwarding and logistics revenue increased $41 million in the second quarter of 2011 compared with the corresponding period in 2010 ($79 million year-to-date). Forwarding revenue increased as growth in fuel and other accessorial charges in our air and ocean forwarding businesses more than offset a small decline in tonnage. The tonnage decrease was mainly the result of revenue management initiatives that focus on better matching of customer pricing with market conditions. In our logistics products, revenue declined slightly, although we experienced solid growth in our mail services and healthcare solutions.

Freight revenue increased $105 million for the second quarter ($217 million year-to-date), primarily due to higher volume, increased fuel surcharge rates and a base rate increase. Average LTL shipments per day increased during the second quarter of 2011 compared to the same period of 2010, due to better LTL market conditions and an increase in our market share. LTL revenue per hundredweight increased, primarily as a result of higher fuel surcharge rates, as total fuel surcharge revenue increased $48 million for the second quarter ($86 million year-to-date) primarily resulting from higher diesel fuel prices. An increase in base prices took effect on October 18, 2010, as our freight unit increased minimum charge, LTL and TL rates an average of 5.9%, covering non-contractual shipments in the United States, Canada and Mexico.

The other businesses within Supply Chain & Freight experienced an increase in revenue, primarily due to growth at UPS Capital, the UPS Store and UPS Customer Solutions.

Operating Expenses

Forwarding and logistics operating expenses decreased $3 million on an adjusted basis (excluding the gain on real estate transactions) for the second quarter of 2011 compared with the same period of 2010. Purchased transportation costs declined $31 million for the quarter, primarily due to declines in rates from third party carriers as transportation capacity increases outpaced demand. Purchased transportation costs also declined due to the small decline in tonnage in the forwarding business. On a year-to-date basis, forwarding and logistics operating expenses increased $14 million on an adjusted basis (excluding the real estate transactions in 2011, and loss on sale of a business in 2010), primarily due to increased compensation and benefits expense.

Freight operating expenses increased $98 million for the second quarter ($194 million year-to-date), with the total cost per LTL shipment increasing 10.5% for the second quarter (8.9% year-to-date). The two largest components of this increase relate to the cost of operating our linehaul network which increased $45 million for the second quarter ($90 million year-to-date) and pick-up, delivery and dock costs which increased $38 million for the second quarter ($77 million year-to-date). We incurred higher fuel costs operating our vehicle fleet, as well as higher fuel surcharge rates passed to us from outside transportation carriers, as a result of higher diesel fuel prices and increased volume. Additionally, compensation and benefit costs increased primarily as a result of higher pension and health care costs, and wage increases of 2.5% for drivers and 3.4% for dock workers. These expense increases were somewhat offset by improved productivity measures, including pick-up and delivery stops per hour, dock bills per hour, and improved linehaul network utilization.

Expenses for the other businesses within Supply Chain & Freight were slightly higher in the second quarter and year-to-date periods of 2011 compared to 2010.

Operating Profit and Margin

The forwarding and logistics unit had a $44 million increase in adjusted operating profit in the second quarter of 2011 compared to the same period in 2010 ($65 million year-to-date), largely due to rate increases,

 

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cost containment, and effective revenue management initiatives that better matched customer pricing with market conditions. The freight unit increased operating profit for the second quarter of 2011 by $7 million ($22 million year-to-date) primarily due to volume increases and a focus on yields. The combined operating income for all of our other businesses in this segment increased during the quarter and year-to-date primarily due to improved results at our financial services business unit.

Consolidated Operating Expenses

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Change     Six Months Ended
June 30,
    Change  
     2011      2010      %     2011      2010     %  

Operating Expenses (in millions):

               

Compensation and Benefits

   $ 6,683       $ 6,515         2.6   $ 13,291       $ 13,054        1.8

Impact of Restructuring Charge

     —           —             —           (98  
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

    

 

 

   

Adjusted Compensation and Benefits

     6,683         6,515         2.6     13,291         12,956        2.6

Repairs and Maintenance

     317         281         12.8     632         555        13.9

Depreciation and Amortization

     443         449         (1.3 )%      884         900        (1.8 )% 

Purchased Transportation

     1,762         1,613         9.2     3,410         3,114        9.5

Fuel

     1,057         717         47.4     1,965         1,395        40.9

Other Occupancy

     225         216         4.2     486         478        1.7

Other Expenses

     1,006         1,011         (0.5 )%      1,981         1,992        (0.6 )% 

Impact of Net Gain from Real Estate Transactions

     33         —             33         —       

Impact of Loss on Sale of Business

     —           —             —           (38  
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

    

 

 

   

Adjusted Other Expenses

     1,039         1,011         2.8     2,014         1,954        3.1
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total Operating Expenses

   $ 11,493       $ 10,802         6.4   $ 22,649       $ 21,488        5.4

Adjusted Total Operating Expenses

   $ 11,526       $ 10,802         6.7   $ 22,682       $ 21,352        6.2
                       $   
        

 

 

        

 

 

 

Currency Translation (Benefit) Cost

         $ 177        $ 206   

Compensation and Benefits

Employee payroll costs increased $88 million for the second quarter ($142 million year-to-date), largely due to contractual union wage rate increases that took effect under our collective bargaining agreement with the Teamsters, but partially offset by a decline in union labor hours. Management payroll costs declined slightly as a result of a reduction in the total number of management employees through attrition, combined with voluntary and involuntary workforce reductions throughout 2010.

Benefits expense increased $80 million for the second quarter ($193 million year-to-date), primarily due to higher employee health and welfare costs and pension expense. Pension expense increased $73 million for the quarter ($134 million year-to-date) resulting from higher union contribution rates for multi-employer pension plans, combined with increased service and interest costs, and the amortization of actuarial losses for company-sponsored plans. The interest cost grew due to continued service accruals, while the actuarial losses were primarily due to the negative asset returns experienced in 2008. Employee health and welfare program costs increased $41 million for the second quarter ($81 million increase year-to-date), and were impacted by higher required union plan contribution rates and lower employee turnover in the union workforce. These higher

 

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pension and health and welfare program costs were partially offset by a decline in employee relocation expenses of $46 million for the quarter ($42 million year-to-date), which resulted from the higher-than-normal number of relocations that occurred in 2010 associated with our domestic restructuring program (which is discussed in Note 14 to the unaudited consolidated financial statements).

Repairs and Maintenance

The increase in repairs and maintenance expense was largely due to aircraft maintenance costs, which increased $32 million for the second quarter of 2011 compared with 2010 ($61 million year-to-date). This increase resulted from an increase in flight hours due to higher air volume, additional scheduled maintenance checks and higher contractual maintenance rates. The remaining increase in repairs and maintenance expense primarily relates to higher maintenance costs on our office buildings and operating facilities.

Depreciation and Amortization

The decrease in depreciation and amortization expense was primarily the result of a reduction in depreciation expense on technology equipment and software. This decline was primarily related to certain technology hardware becoming fully depreciated and fewer capitalized software projects.

Purchased Transportation

The increase in purchased transportation was impacted by a combination of higher volume in our International Package and Supply Chain & Freight segments, as well as increased fuel surcharges and base rates charged to us by third-party air, ocean, and truck carriers across all segments. The combination of these factors increased expense by $69 million for the second quarter of 2011 ($169 million year-to-date). Additionally, we incurred a $25 million increase in expense in the second quarter ($42 million year-to-date) for the use of rail carriers, which was due primarily to higher rates and fuel surcharges. The remaining increase in expense for the second quarter and year-to-date periods was primarily due to foreign currency exchange rate changes.

Fuel

The increase in fuel expense was primarily caused by higher prices for jet-A fuel, diesel and unleaded gasoline, which increased expense by $297 million for the second quarter of 2011 compared with 2010 ($502 million year-to-date). Higher usage of these products in our operations accounted for the remaining increase in expense of $43 million for the second quarter ($68 million year-to-date).

Other Occupancy

Other occupancy expense increased primarily due to an increase in utilities expense resulting from increased electricity costs in our facilities. The remainder of the increase is primarily due to higher rent expense resulting from increased rates on warehouses.

Other Expenses

The increase in adjusted other expenses in the second quarter of 2011 was largely due to advertising costs, employee expense reimbursements, equipment rentals, air cargo handling costs and data processing fees. These increases were partially offset by a decrease in bad debt expense.

 

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Investment Income and Interest Expense

 

     Three Months Ended
June  30,
    Change     Six Months Ended
June  30,
    Change  
     2011     2010     %     2011     2010     %  
(in millions)                                     

Investment Income (Loss)

   $ 9      $ (18     N/A      $ 20      $ (22     N/A   

Interest Expense

   $ (83   $ (84     (1.2 )%    $ (168   $ (169     (0.6 )% 

Investment Income

The increase in investment income for the second quarter and year-to-date periods of 2011 compared with 2010 was caused by a combination of factors. In the second quarter of 2010, we recorded a $21 million impairment on certain asset-backed auction rate securities, which resulted from provisions that allowed the issuers of the securities to subordinate our holdings to newly-issued debt or to tender for the securities at less than their par value. In the first quarter of 2011, we realized $12 million in gains on the sales of auction rate securities, preferred equity securities and an S&P 500 index fund.

The remaining increases in investment income were impacted by a higher average balance of interest-earning investments in our portfolio in the second quarter and year-to-date periods of 2011 compared to 2010. These factors were partially offset by a lower yield earned on our invested assets.

Interest Expense

Interest expense declined slightly due to a lower average interest rate incurred on variable rate debt and interest rate swaps, which reduced expense by $18 million for the second quarter ($36 million decrease year-to-date). However, this was almost entirely offset as a result of a higher average balance of outstanding debt in 2011.

Income Tax Expense

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Change     Six Months Ended
June 30,
    Change  
         2011             2010         %         2011             2010         %  
(in millions)                                     

Income Tax Expense

   $ 561      $ 455        23.3   $ 1,028      $ 875        17.5

Impact of Net Gain on Real Estate Transactions

     (13     —            (13