UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C.  20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

 

 

 

 

 

x

 

Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities

 

 

Exchange Act of 1934

 

 

 

 

 

For the quarterly period ended July 1, 2007

 

 

 

 

 

OR

 

 

 

o

 

Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities
Exchange Act of 1934

 

Commission File Number:  0-21660

PAPA JOHN’S INTERNATIONAL, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware

 

61-1203323

(State or other jurisdiction of

 

(I.R.S. Employer

incorporation or organization)

 

Identification number)

 

2002 Papa Johns Boulevard
Louisville, Kentucky  40299-2367
(Address of principal executive offices)

(502) 261-7272
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days:  Yes   x      No     o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of “accelerated filer and large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act (Check one):

Large accelerated filer      x       Accelerated filer     o       Non-accelerated filer     o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act):   Yes   o              No    x

At August 1, 2007, there were outstanding 29,872,378 shares of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share.

 

 




 

INDEX

PART I.

 

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Financial Statements

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets — July 1, 2007 and December 31, 2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Income — Three Months and Six Months Ended July 1, 2007 and June 25, 2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity — Six Months Ended July 1, 2007 and June 25, 2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows — Six Months Ended July 1, 2007 and
June 25, 2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 2.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 3.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 4.

 

Controls and Procedures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART II.

 

OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Legal Proceedings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.A.

 

Risk Factors

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 2.

 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 4.

 

Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 6.

 

Exhibits

 

 

 

 




PART I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

Papa John’s International, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

 

July 1, 2007

 

December 31, 2006

 

(In thousands)

 

(Unaudited)

 

(Note)

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

19,933

 

$

12,979

 

Accounts receivable

 

21,495

 

23,326

 

Inventories

 

24,936

 

26,729

 

Prepaid expenses

 

9,407

 

7,779

 

Other current assets

 

6,557

 

7,368

 

Deferred income taxes

 

7,507

 

6,362

 

Total current assets

 

89,835

 

84,543

 

Investments

 

583

 

1,254

 

Net property and equipment

 

199,723

 

197,722

 

Notes receivable

 

14,287

 

12,104

 

Deferred income taxes

 

5,997

 

1,643

 

Goodwill

 

74,580

 

67,357

 

Other assets

 

17,577

 

15,016

 

Total assets

 

$

402,582

 

$

379,639

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

26,804

 

$

29,202

 

Income and other taxes

 

13,294

 

15,136

 

Accrued expenses

 

53,246

 

57,233

 

Current portion of debt

 

10,775

 

525

 

Total current liabilities

 

104,119

 

102,096

 

Unearned franchise and development fees

 

7,211

 

7,562

 

Long-term debt, net of current portion

 

116,009

 

96,511

 

Other long-term liabilities

 

28,238

 

27,302

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock

 

 

 

Common stock

 

347

 

341

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

203,187

 

187,990

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

1,198

 

515

 

Retained earnings

 

84,392

 

63,614

 

Treasury stock

 

(142,119

)

(106,292

)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

147,005

 

146,168

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

402,582

 

$

379,639

 

 

Note:  The balance sheet at December 31, 2006 has been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements at that date, but does not include all information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for a complete set of financial statements.

 

See accompanying notes.

 

 

2




 

Papa John’s International, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Income

(Unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended

 

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 

July 1, 2007

 

June 25, 2006

 

July 1, 2007

 

June 25, 2006

 

Domestic revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Company-owned restaurant sales

 

$

119,633

 

$

105,424

 

$

241,677

 

$

212,164

 

Variable interest entities restaurant sales

 

1,602

 

2,691

 

3,289

 

5,137

 

Franchise royalties

 

13,746

 

13,964

 

28,198

 

28,202

 

Franchise and development fees

 

541

 

593

 

1,303

 

1,181

 

Commissary sales

 

96,224

 

100,968

 

196,423

 

203,660

 

Other sales

 

17,355

 

12,202

 

31,846

 

23,072

 

International revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Royalties and franchise and development fees

 

2,223

 

1,839

 

4,671

 

3,296

 

Restaurant and commissary sales

 

4,932

 

3,912

 

9,473

 

7,230

 

Total revenues

 

256,256

 

241,593

 

516,880

 

483,942

 

Costs and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Domestic Company-owned restaurant expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of sales

 

25,829

 

19,650

 

50,917

 

40,528

 

Salaries and benefits

 

35,928

 

31,252

 

72,872

 

62,753

 

Advertising and related costs

 

11,159

 

9,821

 

22,062

 

19,013

 

Occupancy costs

 

7,520

 

6,364

 

14,809

 

12,526

 

Other operating expenses

 

16,411

 

13,774

 

32,804

 

27,577

 

Total domestic Company-owned restaurant expenses

 

96,847

 

80,861

 

193,464

 

162,397

 

Variable interest entities restaurant expenses

 

1,352

 

2,224

 

2,731

 

4,331

 

Domestic commissary and other expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of sales

 

80,944

 

81,866

 

162,719

 

165,409

 

Salaries and benefits

 

9,006

 

7,851

 

17,804

 

15,316

 

Other operating expenses

 

11,147

 

11,282

 

22,145

 

22,422

 

Total domestic commissary and other expenses

 

101,097

 

100,999

 

202,668

 

203,147

 

Loss (income) from the franchise cheese purchasing program, net of minority interest

 

6,277

 

(5,189

)

6,178

 

(9,765

)

International operating expenses

 

4,426

 

3,883

 

8,464

 

7,306

 

General and administrative expenses

 

25,221

 

26,386

 

50,621

 

50,630

 

Minority interests and other general expenses

 

999

 

1,327

 

2,936

 

3,025

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

7,589

 

6,603

 

15,484

 

13,164

 

Total costs and expenses

 

243,808

 

217,094

 

482,546

 

434,235

 

Operating income from continuing operations

 

12,448

 

24,499

 

34,334

 

49,707

 

Investment income

 

368

 

364

 

721

 

740

 

Interest expense

 

(1,706

)

(631

)

(3,232

)

(1,432

)

Income from continuing operations before income taxes

 

11,110

 

24,232

 

31,823

 

49,015

 

Income tax expense

 

4,101

 

8,966

 

11,659

 

18,136

 

Income from continuing operations

 

7,009

 

15,266

 

20,164

 

30,879

 

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax

 

 

 

 

389

 

Net income

 

$

7,009

 

$

15,266

 

$

20,164

 

$

31,268

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations

 

$

0.23

 

$

0.47

 

$

0.67

 

$

0.94

 

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax

 

 

 

 

0.01

 

Basic earnings per common share

 

$

0.23

 

$

0.47

 

$

0.67

 

$

0.95

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per common share - assuming dilution:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations

 

$

0.23

 

$

0.46

 

$

0.66

 

$

0.92

 

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax

 

 

 

 

0.01

 

Earnings per common share - assuming dilution

 

$

0.23

 

$

0.46

 

$

0.66

 

$

0.93

 

Basic weighted average shares outstanding

 

30,054

 

32,589

 

30,059

 

32,855

 

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding

 

30,600

 

33,309

 

30,623

 

33,632

 

 

See accompanying notes.

3




Papa John’s International, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common

 

 

 

Additional

 

Other

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

Stock Shares

 

Common

 

Paid-In

 

Comprehensive

 

Retained

 

Treasury

 

Stockholders’

 

(In thousands)

 

Outstanding

 

Stock

 

Capital

 

Income (Loss)

 

Earnings

 

Stock

 

Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at December 25, 2005

 

33,081

 

$

331

 

$

160,999

 

$

(290

)

$

239

 

$

 

$

161,279

 

Comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

31,268

 

 

31,268

 

Change in valuation of interest rate swap agreement, net of tax of $707

 

 

 

 

1,192

 

 

 

1,192

 

Other, net

 

 

 

 

503

 

 

 

503

 

Comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

32,963

 

Exercise of stock options

 

710

 

7

 

10,443

 

 

 

 

10,450

 

Tax benefit related to exercise of non-qualified stock options

 

 

 

3,151

 

 

 

 

3,151

 

Acquisition of Company common stock

 

(1,645

)

 

 

 

 

(51,728

)

(51,728

)

Other

 

 

 

1,827

 

 

 

 

1,827

 

Balance at June 25, 2006

 

32,146

 

$

338

 

$

176,420

 

$

1,405

 

$

31,507

 

$

(51,728

)

$

157,942

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2006

 

30,696

 

$

341

 

$

187,990

 

$

515

 

$

63,614

 

$

(106,292

)

$

146,168

 

Cumulative effect of adoption of FIN No. 48

 

 

 

 

 

614

 

 

614

 

Adjusted balance at January 1, 2007

 

30,696

 

341

 

187,990

 

515

 

64,228

 

(106,292

)

146,782

 

Comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

20,164

 

 

20,164

 

Change in valuation of interest rate swap agreements, net of tax of $209

 

 

 

 

363

 

 

 

363

 

Other, net

 

 

 

 

320

 

 

 

320

 

Comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

20,847

 

Exercise of stock options

 

647

 

6

 

10,317

 

 

 

 

10,323

 

Tax benefit related to exercise of non-qualified stock options

 

 

 

3,025

 

 

 

 

3,025

 

Acquisition of Company common stock

 

(1,223

)

 

 

 

 

(35,827

)

(35,827

)

Other

 

 

 

1,855

 

 

 

 

1,855

 

Balance at July 1, 2007

 

30,120

 

$

347

 

$

203,187

 

$

1,198

 

$

84,392

 

$

(142,119

)

$

147,005

 

 

At June 25, 2006, the accumulated other comprehensive gain of $1,405 was comprised of net unrealized foreign currency translation gains of $573, a net unrealized gain on investments of $7 and a net unrealized gain on the interest rate swap agreement of $825.

 

At July 1, 2007, the accumulated other comprehensive gain of $1,198 was comprised of unrealized foreign currency translation gains of $1,419, a net unrealized gain on investments of $5 and a net unrealized gain on the interest rate swap agreements of $358, partially offset by a $584 pension plan liability for PJUK.

 

See accompanying notes.

4




Papa John’s International, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

 

 

Six Months Ended

 

(In thousands)

 

July 1, 2007

 

June 25, 2006

 

Operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

20,164

 

$

31,268

 

Results from discontinued operations (net of income taxes)

 

 

(389

)

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Provision for uncollectible accounts and notes receivable

 

1,034

 

1,887

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

15,484

 

13,164

 

Deferred income taxes

 

(5,709

)

212

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

1,855

 

1,882

 

Excess tax benefit related to exercise of non-qualified stock options

 

(3,025

)

(4,500

)

Other

 

3,260

 

3,556

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

1,048

 

(2,274

)

Inventories

 

1,785

 

1,586

 

Prepaid expenses

 

(1,723

)

1,156

 

Other current assets

 

908

 

(218

)

Other assets and liabilities

 

(892

)

(4,885

)

Accounts payable

 

(2,437

)

(3,709

)

Income and other taxes

 

(1,228

)

(430

)

Accrued expenses

 

(3,929

)

(354

)

Unearned franchise and development fees

 

(351

)

(747

)

Net cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations

 

26,244

 

37,205

 

Operating cash flows from discontinued operations

 

 

414

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

26,244

 

37,619

 

Investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of property and equipment

 

(16,433

)

(14,068

)

Proceeds from sale of property and equipment

 

27

 

26

 

Purchase of investments

 

 

(2,014

)

Proceeds from sale or maturity of investments

 

671

 

4,472

 

Loans issued

 

(4,263

)

(4,616

)

Loan repayments

 

2,029

 

6,410

 

Acquisitions

 

(8,615

)

(1,200

)

Proceeds from divestiture of restaurants

 

632

 

 

Net cash from continuing operations used in investing activities

 

(25,952

)

(10,990

)

Proceeds from divestiture of discontinued operations

 

 

8,020

 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(25,952

)

(2,970

)

Financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

Net proceeds (repayments) from line of credit facility

 

19,500

 

(13,500

)

Net proceeds from short-term debt - variable interest entities

 

10,250

 

3,800

 

Excess tax benefit related to exercise of non-qualified stock options

 

3,025

 

4,500

 

Proceeds from exercise of stock options

 

10,323

 

10,450

 

Acquisition of Company common stock

 

(35,827

)

(51,728

)

Other

 

(675

)

172

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

 

6,596

 

(46,306

)

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

 

66

 

53

 

Change in cash and cash equivalents

 

6,954

 

(11,604

)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

12,979

 

22,098

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

$

19,933

 

$

10,494

 

 

See accompanying notes.

5




Papa John’s International, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

July 1, 2007

1.              Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals, considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the six months ended July 1, 2007 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ended December 30, 2007. For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for Papa John’s International, Inc. (referred to as the “Company”, “Papa John’s” or in the first-person notations of “we”, “us” and “our”) for the year ended December 31, 2006.

2.              Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes (FIN 48)

The Company adopted the provisions of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Interpretation No. 48, Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes (FIN 48) on January 1, 2007. FIN 48 addresses the accounting for income taxes by prescribing the minimum recognition threshold a tax position is required to meet before being recognized in the financial statements. In addition, FIN 48 expands the disclosure requirements concerning unrecognized tax benefits as well as any significant changes that may occur in the next twelve months associated with such unrecognized tax benefits.  As a result of the implementation of FIN 48, the Company recognized an approximate $614,000 decrease in the liability for unrecognized tax benefits, which is accounted for as an increase to the January 1, 2007 balance of retained earnings. As of the adoption date, we had tax affected unrecognized benefits of approximately $9.6 million. To the extent these unrecognized tax benefits are ultimately recognized, the effective tax rate will be impacted in a future period.

The Company files income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction and various states and foreign jurisdictions.  The Company, with few exceptions, is no longer subject to U.S. federal, state and local, or non-U.S. income tax examinations by tax authorities for years before 2003.  The Company is currently undergoing examinations by various state and local tax authorities.  The Company anticipates that the finalization of these current examinations and the expiration of the applicable statute of limitations will result in a decrease in the liability for unrecognized tax benefits (and a decrease of income tax expense) of approximately $2.0 million during 2007.

The Company recognizes interest accrued and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits as a part of income tax expense.  The Company recognized interest and penalties of approximately $163,000 and $296,000 for the three months ended July 1, 2007 and June 25, 2006, respectively, and $281,000 and $377,000 for the six months ended July 1, 2007 and June 25, 2006, respectively. The Company had approximately $2.4 million and $2.5 million for the payment of interest and penalties accrued at July 1, 2007 and December 31, 2006, respectively.

3.              Acquisitions

During the first quarter of 2007, we completed the acquisition of six restaurants located in Pennsylvania, Texas and Oklahoma.  The purchase price for these restaurants totaled $1.2 million, which was paid in cash, of which approximately $779,000 was recorded as goodwill.

6




During the second quarter, we completed the acquisition of 13 restaurants in Georgia.  The purchase price for these restaurants totaled $7.4 million, which was paid in cash, of which approximately $6.4 million was recorded as goodwill.

Effective July 2, 2007 (the beginning of our third quarter 2007), we acquired 31 restaurants located in Missouri and Kansas.  The purchase price for these restaurants totaled $10.2 million, which was paid in cash and is subject to post-closing adjustments. Approximately $7.4 million of the purchase price was recorded as goodwill. Effective July 30, 2007, we acquired 11 restaurants located in the Washington D.C. area.  The purchase price for these restaurants was $6.1 million, which was paid in cash and is subject to post-closing adjustments. Approximately $4.7 million of the purchase price was recorded as goodwill.

The business combinations in the previous paragraphs were accounted for by the purchase method of accounting, whereby operating results subsequent to the acquisition date are included in our consolidated financial results.

4.              Accounting for Variable Interest Entities

In 2003, the FASB issued Interpretation No. 46, Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities, an Interpretation of Accounting Research Bulletin No. 51 (FIN 46), which provides a framework for identifying variable interest entities (“VIEs”) and determining when a company should include the assets, liabilities, non-controlling interests and results of activities of a VIE in its consolidated financial statements.

In general, a VIE is a corporation, partnership, limited-liability company, trust, or any other legal structure used to conduct activities or hold assets that either (1) has an insufficient amount of equity to carry out its principal activities without additional subordinated financial support, (2) has a group of equity owners that are unable to make significant decisions about its activities, or (3) has a group of equity owners that do not have the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive returns generated by its operations.

FIN 46 requires a VIE to be consolidated if a party with an ownership, contractual or other financial interest in the VIE (a “variable interest holder”) is obligated to absorb a majority of the risk of loss from the VIE’s activities, is entitled to receive a majority of the VIE’s residual returns (if no party absorbs a majority of the VIE’s losses), or both. A variable interest holder that consolidates the VIE is called the primary beneficiary. Upon consolidation, the primary beneficiary generally must initially record all of the VIE’s assets, liabilities and non-controlling interests at fair value and subsequently account for the VIE as if it were consolidated based on majority voting interest. FIN 46 also requires disclosures about VIEs that the variable interest holder is not required to consolidate but in which it has a significant variable interest.

We have a purchasing arrangement with BIBP Commodities, Inc. (“BIBP”), a special-purpose entity formed at the direction of our Franchise Advisory Council in 1999 for the sole purpose of reducing cheese price volatility to domestic system-wide restaurants. BIBP is an independent, franchisee-owned corporation. BIBP purchases cheese at the market price and sells it to our distribution subsidiary, PJ Food Service, Inc. (“PJFS”), at a fixed quarterly price based in part upon historical average market prices.  PJFS in turn sells cheese to Papa John’s restaurants (both Company-owned and franchised) at a set quarterly price. PJFS purchased $29.4 million and $61.0 million of cheese from BIBP for the three and six months ended July 1, 2007, respectively, and $35.6 million and $71.9 million of cheese for the comparable periods in 2006, respectively.

As defined by FIN 46, we are the primary beneficiary of BIBP, a VIE, and thus we consolidate the financial statements of BIBP. We recognize the operating losses generated by BIBP if BIBP’s shareholders’ equity is in a net deficit position. Further, we will recognize the subsequent operating income generated by BIBP up to the amount of any losses previously recognized.

We recognized pre-tax losses of $8.3 million ($5.3 million net of tax, or $0.17 per share) and $8.7 million ($5.5 million net of tax, or $0.18 per share) for the three and six months ended July 1, 2007, respectively, and pretax income of $6.3 million ($4.0 million net of tax, or $0.12 per share) and $11.7 million ($7.4 million net of tax, or

7




$0.22 per share) for the three and six months ended June 25, 2006, respectively, from the consolidation of BIBP. The impact on future operating income from the consolidation of BIBP is expected to be significant for any given reporting period due to the noted volatility of the cheese market, but is not expected to be cumulatively significant over time.

BIBP has an $18.0 million line of credit with a commercial bank, which is not guaranteed by Papa John’s. Papa John’s has agreed to provide additional funding in the form of a loan to BIBP. As of July 1, 2007, BIBP had outstanding borrowings of $10.8 million and a letter of credit of $3.0 million outstanding under the commercial line of credit facility.

In addition, Papa John’s has extended loans to certain franchisees. Under FIN 46, Papa John’s was deemed the primary beneficiary of two franchise entities as of July 1, 2007 and three franchise entities as of June 25, 2006, even though we had no ownership in them.  The two franchise entities at July 1, 2007 operated a total of seven restaurants with annual revenues approximating $6.0 million. Our net loan balance receivable from these entities was $439,000 at July 1, 2007, with no further funding commitments. The consolidation of these franchise entities has had no significant impact on Papa John’s operating results and is not expected to have a significant impact in future periods.

The following table summarizes the balance sheets for our consolidated VIEs as of July 1, 2007 and December 31, 2006:

 

 

July 1, 2007

 

December 31, 2006

 

(In thousands)

 

BIBP

 

Franchisees

 

Total

 

BIBP

 

Franchisees

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

4,279

 

$

245

 

$

4,524

 

$

144

 

$

150

 

$

294

 

Accounts receivable—Papa John’s

 

372

 

 

372

 

3,950

 

 

3,950

 

Other current assets

 

979

 

41

 

1,020

 

1,397

 

26

 

1,423

 

Net property and equipment

 

 

435

 

435

 

 

464

 

464

 

Goodwill

 

 

460

 

460

 

 

460

 

460

 

Deferred income taxes

 

3,259

 

 

3,259

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

$

8,889

 

$

1,181

 

$

10,070

 

$

5,491

 

$

1,100

 

$

6,591

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and stockholders’ equity (deficit):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

$

3,653

 

$

260

 

$

3,913

 

$

3,436

 

$

220

 

$

3,656

 

Income and other taxes

 

 

 

 

506

 

 

506

 

Short-term debt—third party

 

10,775

 

 

10,775

 

525

 

 

525

 

Short-term debt—Papa John’s

 

 

439

 

439

 

 

517

 

517

 

Total liabilities

 

14,428

 

699

 

15,127

 

4,467

 

737

 

5,204

 

Stockholders’ equity (deficit)

 

(5,539

)

482

 

(5,057

)

1,024

 

363

 

1,387

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity (deficit)

 

$

8,889

 

$

1,181

 

$

10,070

 

$

5,491

 

$

1,100

 

$

6,591

 

 

8




5.  Debt                 

Our debt is comprised of the following (in thousands):

 

July 1,

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revolving line of credit

 

$

116,000

 

$

96,500

 

Debt associated with VIEs *

 

10,775

 

525

 

Other

 

9

 

11

 

Total debt

 

126,784

 

97,036

 

Less: current portion of debt

 

(10,775

)

(525

)

Long-term debt

 

$

116,009

 

$

96,511

 


*                    The VIEs’ third-party creditors do not have any recourse to Papa John’s.

6.  Calculation of Earnings Per Share

The calculations of basic earnings per common share from continuing operations and earnings per common share — assuming dilution from continuing operations are as follows (in thousands, except per share data):

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

July 1, 2007

 

June 25, 2006

 

July 1, 2007

 

June 25, 2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations

 

$

7,009

 

$

15,266

 

$

20,164

 

$

30,879

 

Weighted average shares outstanding

 

30,054

 

32,589

 

30,059

 

32,855

 

Basic earnings per common share

 

$

0.23

 

$

0.47

 

$

0.67

 

$

0.94

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per common share - assuming dilution:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations

 

$

7,009

 

$

15,266

 

$

20,164

 

$

30,879

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average shares outstanding

 

30,054

 

32,589

 

30,059

 

32,855

 

Dilutive effect of outstanding common stock options

 

546

 

720

 

564

 

777

 

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding

 

30,600

 

33,309

 

30,623

 

33,632

 

Earnings per common share - assuming dilution

 

$

0.23

 

$

0.46

 

$

0.66

 

$

0.92

 

 

7.  Comprehensive Income

Comprehensive income is comprised of the following:

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended

 

(In thousands)

 

July 1, 2007

 

June 25, 2006

 

July 1, 2007

 

June 25, 2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

7,009

 

$

15,266

 

$

20,164

 

$

31,268

 

Change in valuation of interest rate swap agreements, net of tax

 

619

 

581

 

363

 

1,192

 

Other, net

 

202

 

433

 

320

 

503

 

Comprehensive income

 

$

7,830

 

$

16,280

 

$

20,847

 

$

32,963

 

 

9




8.  Segment Information

We have defined five reportable segments: domestic restaurants, domestic commissaries, domestic franchising, international operations and variable interest entities (VIEs).

The domestic restaurant segment consists of the operations of all domestic (“domestic” is defined as contiguous United States) Company-owned restaurants and derives its revenues principally from retail sales of pizza and side items, such as breadsticks, cheesesticks, chicken strips, chicken wings, dessert pizza, and soft drinks to the general public. The domestic commissary segment consists of the operations of our regional dough production and product distribution centers and derives its revenues principally from the sale and distribution of food and paper products to domestic Company-owned and franchised restaurants. The domestic franchising segment consists of our franchise sales and support activities and derives its revenues from sales of franchise and development rights and collection of royalties from our domestic franchisees. The international operations segment principally consists of our Company-owned restaurants and distribution sales to franchised Papa John’s restaurants located in the United Kingdom, China and Mexico and our franchise sales and support activities, which derive revenues from sales of franchise and development rights and the collection of royalties from our international franchisees. VIEs consist of entities in which we are deemed the primary beneficiary, as defined in Note 4, and include BIBP and certain franchisees to which we have extended loans. All other business units that do not meet the quantitative thresholds for determining reportable segments consist of operations that derive revenues from the sale, principally to Company-owned and franchised restaurants, of printing and promotional items, risk management services, and information systems and related services used in restaurant operations and certain partnership development activities.

Generally, we evaluate performance and allocate resources based on profit or loss from operations before income taxes and eliminations. Certain administrative and capital costs are allocated to segments based upon predetermined rates or actual estimated resource usage. We account for intercompany sales and transfers as if the sales or transfers were to third parties and eliminate the related profit in consolidation.

Our reportable segments are business units that provide different products or services. Separate management of each segment is required because each business unit is subject to different operational issues and strategies. No single external customer accounted for 10% or more of our consolidated revenues.

10




Our segment information is as follows:

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended

 

(In thousands)

 

July 1, 2007

 

June 25, 2006

 

July 1, 2007

 

June 25, 2006

 

Revenues from external customers:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Domestic Company-owned restaurants

 

$

119,633

 

$

105,424

 

$

241,677

 

$

212,164

 

Domestic commissaries

 

96,224

 

100,968

 

196,423

 

203,660

 

Domestic franchising

 

14,287

 

14,557

 

29,501

 

29,383

 

International

 

7,155

 

5,751

 

14,144

 

10,526

 

Variable interest entities(1)

 

1,602

 

2,691

 

3,289

 

5,137

 

All others

 

17,355

 

12,202

 

31,846

 

23,072

 

Total revenues from external customers

 

$

256,256

 

$

241,593

 

$

516,880

 

$

483,942

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intersegment revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Domestic commissaries

 

$

29,684

 

$

27,381

 

$

60,529

 

$

55,265

 

Domestic franchising

 

338

 

316

 

677

 

630

 

International

 

149

 

146

 

306

 

278

 

Variable interest entities(1)

 

29,430

 

35,634

 

61,017

 

71,887

 

All others

 

3,447

 

3,181

 

7,415

 

6,128

 

Total intersegment revenues

 

$

63,048

 

$

66,658

 

$

129,944

 

$

134,188

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Domestic Company-owned restaurants(2)

 

$

7,535

 

$

8,149

 

$

15,750

 

$

17,450

 

Domestic commissaries(3)

 

7,917

 

8,512

 

17,931

 

15,865

 

Domestic franchising(4)

 

12,065

 

12,737

 

25,108

 

25,751

 

International(5)

 

(2,032

)

(2,418

)

(4,352

)

(4,759

)

Variable interest entities

 

(8,257

)

6,303

 

(8,663

)

11,692

 

All others

 

1,679

 

1,218

 

2,724

 

2,717

 

Unallocated corporate expenses(6)

 

(7,486

)

(9,936

)

(15,781

)

(18,818

)

Elimination of intersegment profits

 

(311

)

(333

)

(894

)

(883

)

Total income from continuing operations before income taxes

 

$

11,110

 

$

24,232

 

$

31,823

 

$

49,015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Domestic Company-owned restaurants

 

$

158,056

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Domestic commissaries

 

76,405

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

International

 

6,067

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Variable interest entities

 

1,368

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All others

 

22,579

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unallocated corporate assets

 

134,740

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

(199,492

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net property and equipment

 

$

199,723

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


(1)             The revenues from external customers for variable interest entities are attributable to the franchise entities to which we have extended loans that qualify as consolidated VIEs. The intersegment revenues for variable interest entities are attributable to BIBP.

(2)             The operating results for domestic Company-owned restaurants decreased approximately $614,000 and $1.7 million for the three and six months ended July 1, 2007, respectively, primarily due to the impact of negative comparable sales, an increase in salaries for our general and assistant managers and the impact of minimum wage increases in certain states, partially offset by a $594,000 pre-tax gain associated with the termination of a lease arrangement in the second quarter of 2007.

(3)             The operating results for the domestic commissaries segment decreased approximately $595,000 for the second quarter of 2007 principally due to an increase in delivery, utility and labor costs.  Operating income increased $2.1 million for the six-month period ended July 1, 2007 due to increased volumes of higher-margin fresh dough products and improved margin from other commodities during the first quarter of 2007, partially offset by an increase in delivery, utility and labor costs.

11




(4)             The operating results for the domestic franchising segment decreased $672,000 and $643,000 for the three- and six-month periods ended July 1, 2007, respectively, principally due to a decrease in royalties as a result of the acquisition of franchise restaurants during late 2006 and the first half of 2007.

(5)             The international segment, which excludes the Perfect Pizza operations that were sold in March 2006, reported operating losses of $2.0 million and $4.4 million for the three- and six-month periods ended July 1, 2007, respectively, compared to losses of $2.4 million and $4.8 million, respectively, in the same periods of the prior year.  The improvements are due to the prior year results including a $470,000 charge incurred in the second quarter related to costs associated with management reorganization in one of our international operating units.  Increased current year revenues, which were due to growth in number of units and unit volumes, were substantially offset by increased personnel and infrastructure investment costs.

(6)             The decrease of approximately $2.4 million and $3.0 million in unallocated corporate expenses for the three and six months ended July 1, 2007, respectively, as compared to the corresponding periods in 2006, are   primarily due to lower general and administrative costs, including management incentives (bonuses and executive performance unit incentive plan), health insurance and legal costs.

Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Results of Operations and Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Papa John’s International, Inc. (referred to as the “Company,” “Papa John’s” or in the first-person notations of “we,” “us” and “our”) began operations in 1985. At July 1, 2007, there were 3,090 Papa John’s restaurants (614 Company-owned and 2,476 franchised) operating in all 50 states and 27 countries. Our revenues are principally derived from retail sales of pizza and other food and beverage products to the general public by Company-owned restaurants, franchise royalties, sales of franchise and development rights, sales to franchisees of food and paper products, printing and promotional items, risk management services, and information systems and related services used in their operations.

We enter into agreements with our domestic franchisees upon the opening of a Papa John’s restaurant, which are generally ten years, with an option to renew.  A substantial number of our domestic franchise agreements were entered into in the late 1990’s and are beginning to come up for renewal.  We have recently modified certain aspects of our domestic franchise agreement in consultation with a task force of our Franchise Advisory Council.  The completion of the revisions in the franchise agreement was a first step in the renewal process for all franchise agreements, especially those coming up for renewal over the next few years.

The results of operations are based on the preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of consolidated financial statements requires management to select accounting policies for critical accounting areas and make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements. Significant changes in assumptions and/or conditions in our critical accounting policies could materially impact the operating results. We have identified the following accounting policies and related judgments as critical to understanding the results of our operations.

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts and Notes Receivable

We establish reserves for uncollectible accounts and notes receivable based on overall receivable aging levels and a specific evaluation of accounts and notes for franchisees with known financial difficulties. These reserves and corresponding write-offs could significantly increase if the identified franchisees continue to experience deteriorating financial results.

Long-Lived and Intangible Assets

The recoverability of long-lived assets is evaluated if impairment indicators exist. Indicators of impairment include historical financial performance, operating trends and our future operating plans. If impairment indicators exist, we evaluate the recoverability of long-lived assets on an operating unit basis (e.g., an individual

12




restaurant) based on undiscounted expected future cash flows before interest for the expected remaining useful life of the operating unit. Recorded values for long-lived assets that are not expected to be recovered through undiscounted future cash flows are written down to current fair value, which is generally determined from estimated discounted future net cash flows for assets held for use or net realizable value for assets held for sale.

The recoverability of indefinite-lived intangible assets (i.e., goodwill) is evaluated annually, or more frequently if impairment indicators exist, on a reporting unit basis by comparing the fair value derived from discounted expected cash flows of the reporting unit to its carrying value.

At July 1, 2007, our United Kingdom subsidiary, Papa John’s UK (PJUK), had goodwill of approximately $17.2 million. In addition to the sale of the Perfect Pizza operations, which occurred in March 2006, we have restructured management and developed plans for PJUK to improve its future operating results. The plans include efforts to increase Papa John’s brand awareness in the United Kingdom and increase net PJUK franchise unit openings over the next several years. We will continue to periodically evaluate our progress in achieving these plans. If our initiatives are not successful, impairment charges could occur.

Insurance Reserves

Our insurance programs for workers’ compensation, general liability, owned and non-owned automobiles and health insurance coverage provided to our employees are self-insured up to certain individual and aggregate reinsurance levels. Losses are accrued based upon estimates of the aggregate retained liability for claims incurred using certain third-party actuarial projections and our claims loss experience. The estimated insurance claims losses could be significantly affected should the frequency or ultimate cost of claims significantly differ from historical trends used to estimate the insurance reserves recorded by the Company.

From October 2000 through September 2004, our captive insurance company, which provided insurance to our franchisees, was self-insured. In October 2004, a third-party commercial insurance company began providing fully-insured coverage to franchisees participating in the franchise insurance program. Accordingly, this new arrangement eliminates our risk of loss for franchise insurance coverage written after September 2004. Our operating income will still be subject to potential adjustments for changes in estimated insurance reserves for policies written from the inception of the captive insurance company in October 2000 to September 2004. Such adjustments, if any, will be determined in part based upon periodic actuarial valuations.

Deferred Income Tax Assets and Tax Reserves

As of July 1, 2007, we had a net deferred income tax asset balance of $13.5 million, of which approximately $3.3 million relates to BIBP’s net operating loss carryforward.  We have not provided a valuation allowance for the deferred income tax assets since we believe it is more likely than not that the Company’s future earnings, including BIBP, will be sufficient to ensure the realization of the net deferred income tax assets for federal and state purposes.

The Company adopted the provisions of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Interpretation No. 48, Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes (FIN 48) on January 1, 2007. FIN 48 addresses the accounting for income taxes by prescribing the minimum recognition threshold a tax position is required to meet before being recognized in the financial statements. In addition, FIN 48 expands the disclosure requirements concerning unrecognized tax benefits as well as any significant changes that may occur in the next twelve months associated with such unrecognized tax benefits. As a result of the implementation of FIN 48, the Company recognized an approximate $614,000 decrease in the liability for unrecognized tax benefits, which is accounted for as an increase to the January 1, 2007 balance of retained earnings. As of the adoption date, we had tax affected unrecognized benefits of approximately $9.6 million. To the extent these unrecognized tax benefits are ultimately recognized, the effective tax rate will be impacted in a future period.

13




Certain tax authorities periodically audit the Company. We provide reserves for potential exposures based on FIN 48 requirements described above.  We evaluate these issues on a quarterly basis to adjust for events, such as court rulings or audit settlements that may impact our ultimate payment for such exposures.

Consolidation of BIBP Commodities, Inc. (“BIBP”) as a Variable Interest Entity

BIBP is a franchisee-owned corporation that conducts a cheese-purchasing program on behalf of domestic Company-owned and franchised restaurants. As required by FASB Interpretation No. 46, Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities, an Interpretation of Accounting Research Bulletin No. 51 (FIN 46), we consolidate the financial results of BIBP since we qualify as the primary beneficiary, as defined by FIN 46, of BIBP.  We recognized pre-tax losses of $8.3 million and $8.7 million for the three and six months ended July 1, 2007, respectively, and pre-tax income of approximately $6.3 million and $11.7 million for the three and six months ended June 25, 2006, respectively, from the consolidation of BIBP. In future periods, we expect the consolidation of BIBP to have a significant impact on Papa John’s operating income in any given reporting period due to the volatility of cheese prices, but is not expected to be cumulatively significant over time. Papa John’s will recognize the operating losses generated by BIBP if the shareholders’ equity of BIBP is in a net deficit position. Further, Papa John’s will recognize subsequent operating income generated by BIBP up to the amount of BIBP losses previously recognized by Papa John’s.

New Accounting Standard

In September 2006, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 157, Fair Value Measurements. SFAS No. 157 requires companies to determine fair value based on the price that would be received to sell the asset or paid to transfer the liability to a market participant. SFAS No. 157 emphasizes that fair value is a market-based measurement, not an entity-specific measurement. The effective date of SFAS No. 157 will be the first quarter of 2008. SFAS No. 157 could impact our future estimates of valuing long-lived and intangible assets such as our annual fair value evaluation of PJUK. We have not determined the impact, if any, of adopting SFAS No. 157.

14




Restaurant Progression:

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

July 1, 2007

 

June 25, 2006

 

July 1, 2007

 

June 25, 2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Papa John’s Restaurant Progression:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. Company-owned:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beginning of period

 

586

 

506

 

577

 

502

 

Opened

 

9

 

4

 

13

 

6

 

Closed

 

(2

)

 

(2

)

(1

)

Acquired from franchisees

 

13

 

 

19

 

3

 

Sold to franchisees

 

 

 

(1

)

 

End of period

 

606

 

510

 

606

 

510

 

International Company-owned:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beginning of period

 

8

 

3

 

11

 

2

 

Opened

 

 

 

 

1

 

Acquired from franchisees

 

 

3

 

 

3

 

Sold to franchisees

 

 

 

(3

)

 

End of period

 

8

 

6

 

8

 

6

 

U.S. franchised:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beginning of period

 

2,086

 

2,101

 

2,080

 

2,097

 

Opened

 

38

 

36

 

60

 

56

 

Closed

 

(15

)

(12

)

(26

)

(25

)

Acquired from Company

 

 

 

1

 

 

Sold to Company

 

(13

)

 

(19

)

(3

)

End of period

 

2,096

 

2,125

 

2,096

 

2,125

 

International franchised:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beginning of period

 

364

 

314

 

347

 

325

 

Opened

 

18

 

28

 

36

 

40

 

Closed

 

(2

)

(20

)

(6

)

(43

)

Acquired from Company

 

 

 

3

 

 

Sold to Company

 

 

(3

)

 

(3

)

End of period

 

380

 

319

 

380

 

319

 

Total restaurants—end of period

 

3,090

 

2,960

 

3,090

 

2,960

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Perfect Pizza Restaurant Progression:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Franchised:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beginning of period

 

 

 

 

112

 

Closed

 

 

 

 

(3

)

Sold

 

 

 

 

(109

)

Total restaurants—end of period

 

 

 

 

 

 

15




Results of Operations

Variable Interest Entities

As required by FIN 46, our operating results include BIBP’s operating results.  The consolidation of BIBP had a significant impact on our operating results for the first six months of 2007 and the first six months and full year of 2006, and is expected to have a significant ongoing impact on our future operating results, including the full year of 2007, and income statement presentation as described below.

Consolidation accounting requires the net impact from the consolidation of BIBP to be reflected primarily in three separate components of our statement of income. The first component is the portion of BIBP operating income or loss attributable to the amount of cheese purchased by Company-owned restaurants during the period. This portion of BIBP operating income (loss) is reflected as a reduction (increase) in the “Domestic Company-owned restaurant expenses - cost of sales” line item. This approach effectively reports cost of sales for Company-owned restaurants as if the purchasing arrangement with BIBP did not exist and such restaurants were purchasing cheese at the spot market prices (i.e., the impact of BIBP is eliminated in consolidation).

The second component of the net impact from the consolidation of BIBP is reflected in the caption “Loss (income) from the franchise cheese-purchasing program, net of minority interest.” This line item represents BIBP’s income or loss from purchasing cheese at the spot market price and selling to franchised restaurants at a fixed quarterly price, net of any income or loss attributable to the minority interest BIBP shareholders. The amount of income or loss attributable to the BIBP shareholders depends on its cumulative shareholders’ equity balance and the change in such balance during the reporting period. The third component is reflected as investment income or interest expense depending upon whether BIBP is in a net investment or net borrowing position during the reporting period.

In addition, Papa John’s has extended loans to certain franchisees. Under the FIN 46 rules, Papa John’s is deemed to be the primary beneficiary of certain franchisees even though we have no ownership interest in them. We consolidated the financial results of two franchise entities operating a total of seven restaurants with annual sales approximating $6.0 million for the three and six months ended July 1, 2007, and three franchise entities operating a total of 14 restaurants with annual sales approximating $9.0 million for the three and six months ended June 25, 2006.

16




The following table summarizes the impact of VIEs, prior to required consolidating eliminations, on our consolidated statements of income for the three and six months ended July 1, 2007 and June 25, 2006 (in thousands):

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

July 1, 2007

 

June 25, 2006

 

 

 

BIBP

 

Franchisees

 

Total

 

BIBP

 

Franchisees

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Variable interest entities restaurant sales

 

$

 

$

1,601

 

$

1,601

 

$

 

$

2,691

 

$

2,691

 

BIBP sales

 

29,430

 

 

29,430

 

35,634

 

 

35,634

 

Total revenues

 

29,430

 

1,601

 

31,031

 

35,634

 

2,691

 

38,325

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses

 

37,607

 

1,464

 

39,071

 

29,122

 

2,427

 

31,549

 

General and administrative expenses

 

22

 

56

 

78

 

21

 

143

 

164

 

Other general expenses

 

 

70

 

70

 

 

107

 

107

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

11

 

11

 

 

14

 

14

 

Total costs and expenses

 

37,629

 

1,601

 

39,230

 

29,143

 

2,691

 

31,834

 

Operating income (loss)

 

(8,199

)

 

(8,199

)

6,491

 

 

6,491

 

Net interest expense

 

(58

)

 

(58

)

(188

)

 

(188

)

Income (loss) before income taxes

 

$

(8,257

)

$

 

$

(8,257

)

$

6,303

 

$

 

$

6,303

 

 

 

 

Six Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

July 1, 2007

 

June 25, 2006

 

 

 

BIBP

 

Franchisees

 

Total

 

BIBP

 

Franchisees

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Variable interest entities restaurant sales

 

$

 

$

3,289

 

$

3,289

 

$

 

$

5,137

 

$

5,137

 

BIBP sales

 

61,017

 

 

61,017

 

71,887

 

 

71,887

 

Total revenues

 

61,017

 

3,289

 

64,306

 

71,887

 

5,137

 

77,024

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses

 

69,553

 

2,965

 

72,518

 

59,598

 

4,707

 

64,305

 

General and administrative expenses

 

47

 

108

 

155

 

42

 

294

 

336

 

Other general expenses

 

 

192

 

192

 

 

17

 

17

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

24

 

24

 

 

119

 

119

 

Total costs and expenses

 

69,600

 

3,289

 

72,889

 

59,640

 

5,137

 

64,777

 

Operating income (loss)

 

(8,583

)

 

(8,583

)

12,247

 

 

12,247

 

Net interest expense

 

(80

)

 

(80

)

(555

)

 

(555

)

Income (loss) before income taxes

 

$

(8,663

)

$